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Purdue Food Science receives $1.1 million grant to advance commercial soy products in the United States


WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. – The United Soybean Board (USB) announced a $1.1 million award to the Purdue University Food Entrepreneurship and Manufacturing Institute (FEMI), in partnership with the University of Arkansas and the University of Missouri, to a joint project that works to build infrastructure and connectivity for small- and medium-scale processing of value-added soybean products.

The project is co-funded by the Food and Agriculture Research Foundation, a federal organization that supports research activities focused on addressing key agricultural issues, including plant health and production, agricultural economics and rural communities, as well as agricultural and food security.

Students process produce in the Skidmore Laboratory located in the Nelson Hall of Food Science. (Purdue University Agricultural Communications photo) Download Image

Dharmendra Mishra, Associate Professor and Director of FEMI, will lead the project born out of a national discussion on the soybean value chain. Other members of the Purdue team for the grant are Senay Simsek, department head and professor of food science; Katy Rainey, associate professor of agronomy; and Karen Hudson, USDA-ARS researcher and molecular biologist. Starting October 1st with an expected timeline of one year, the project will focus on phenotyping compositional traits in new value-added applications, trials to remove pressure on small and medium-scale industrial sectors and the final product quality and sensory evaluations.

“Soybeans currently produce the highest protein yields per unit area of ​​any other plant source,” Mishra said. “The main challenge is that quality issues related to flavor and functionality have impacted the use of soy protein products currently available for food.”

Global demand for soy protein isolate/concentrate is expected to grow 80-fold, while the global meat substitute market is expected to reach $140 billion by 2029, Mishra said. The increase in soybean production for renewable diesel production is expected to increase by 10% over the next three years.

“There was a critical need to help soybean growers and soybean processors. Our project proposes to solve the small to medium scale processing bottleneck and facilitate the scaling of Identity Preserved (IP) systems through our multi-state team,” said Mishra. “Our project is part of the overall strategic vision of the connectivity of soybean users to the market.”

Simsek said this type of highly interdisciplinary work requires collaboration and coordinated efforts with researchers and scientists from different disciplines across institutions.

“Soy products have continued to grow over the past few years and expect continued growth in the future,” Simsek said. “Through this grant, Purdue Food Science will be a hub for research, development, and education that will connect and bridge the gaps between growers, breeders, researchers, students, the food industry, and consumers. consumers.”

Purdue’s Skidmore Retail and Distribution Food Development Laboratory and Pilot Plant allows stakeholders to come together and develop new soy products using state-of-the-art manufacturing processes to advance plant-based protein initiatives, refinement into oils, powders and other value-added products, Mishra said. Purdue will also offer sensory testing and consumer acceptance assessment of soy products through the Food Sciences Sensory Lab.

Sources: Dharmendra Mishra, mishra67@purdue.edu

Senay Simsek, ssimsek@purdue.edu

Writer: Jillian Ellison, 765-494-0948, ellison1@purdue.edu

Agricultural communications: 765-494-8415;

Maureen Manier, Head of Department, mmanier@purdue.edu

Agricultural news page

The College’s Technology and Society Colloquium Series resumes October 19 – PCToday


“Our Endless Battle Against Infectious Diseases: Winners, Losers, and Where We Go from Here” is the title of a program to be offered on Wednesday, October 19 as part of the Technology Symposium Series and the Society of Pennsylvania College of Technology, presented in partnership with the Notre Dame Club of Greater Williamsport.

Jeff Schorey, George B. Craig Jr. Collegiate Professor of Biological Sciences at the University of Notre Dame and guest speaker for the university’s Hesburgh Lecture Series, will share his expertise on the topic at 7 p.m. in the Klump University Center Auditorium on the main campus of Penn College. The program is free and open to the public.

Schorey will discuss the human immune system and how it works to protect us from infection. It will also discuss the tools being developed to combat new and existing human pathogens. Finally, he will examine how our problems in controlling infectious diseases largely stem from human activities – as well as how changes in our behaviors could have a significant effect in limiting future pandemics.

The Hesburgh Lecture Series – named in honor of the Reverend Theodore Hesburgh, longtime president of the university, and featuring lectures primarily presented by tenured professors – showcases the depth and breadth of Notre Dame’s academic expertise in research and teaching. The series continues the mission of the University Alumni Association to provide meaningful continuing education opportunities for Notre Dame alumni and friends.

Schorey, who holds a doctorate from the University of Texas Health Sciences Center at San Antonio, joined the Notre Dame faculty in 1998 after serving as a postdoctoral fellow and medical instructor at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

Schorey is also director of the interdisciplinary graduate program in biomedical sciences at Notre Dame College of Sciences. His research focuses on mycobacterial pathogenesis, with particular emphasis on Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis. He uses various immunological tools and animal models to dissect the host-pathogen interactions that determine the outcome of infection.

His lab has used basic research to develop new diagnostic and vaccine platforms for tuberculosis. He has published over 70 peer-reviewed scientific papers and is the recipient of numerous federal and foundation research grants, as well as the Reverend Edmund P. Joyce, CSC, Award for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching at Notre Dame.

The Technology and Society Colloquium Series at Penn College honors Daniel J. Doyle, professor emeritus and winner of the college’s 1984 Veronica M. Muzic Master Teacher Award. It features presentations from renowned authors and scholars and invites the public to reflect on the impact of technology on our society.

Penn College is a national leader in applied technology education. For more information, email the admissions office or call toll-free 800-367-9222.

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Proactive Responses Most Effective in Combating Marine Disease, Oregon State Study Finds


CORVALLIS, Ore. — The best time to treat diseases in marine species is before an outbreak occurs, according to research from Oregon State University.

Researchers from OSU College of Science and Carlson College of Veterinary Medicine evaluated more than a dozen disease management strategies and found the most promising were proactive rather than reactive, such as improving the health of marine ecosystems and the creation of marine disease surveillance and response networks.

The findings, published in Ecological applicationsare important because marine diseases can disrupt ecosystems and threaten human livelihoods, and because disease outbreaks are expected to increase with climate change, said Sarah Gravem, research associate in integrative biology at Oregon State. .

“The ocean environment is fundamentally changing the way diseases are transmitted between marine species, which means we must also adapt our wildlife management strategies to successfully respond to disease outbreaks in the ocean,” he said. she stated. “The COVID outbreak has shown how devastating disease outbreaks can be in people, and disease in the marine environment is no different. But we are much less prepared to deal with emerging infectious diseases in wild animals. »

In particular, Gravem said, preventing or controlling outbreaks in marine systems is a challenge because pathogens can travel much longer distances at faster speeds in water than in air. Additionally, many marine species, including most invertebrates, do not have immune “memory” like humans, and many species produce larvae that float in currents and grow far from their birthplace.

“That means the tools we use to control outbreaks need to be adjusted to respond to those circumstances,” she said. “These challenges were highlighted by the 2013 outbreak of wasting starfish disease, which was easily transmitted in ocean currents and spread from Baja California, Mexico, to the Aleutians in Alaska. within a few years, affecting at least a dozen species and often causing severe declines.

This outbreak, Graven said, has prompted scientists to reconsider how to better prepare for and manage marine disease.

Graven and a team that included several graduate students looked at 17 disease management strategies to see how they compared in a marine system versus a land system. The analysis led them to identify the potentially most effective strategies for preventing, responding to and recovering from marine disease outbreaks.

“Strategies like isolation, antibiotics, culling and vaccines are less useful in the ocean than on land because organisms are difficult to isolate and many species lack immune memory,” the lead author said. of the study, Caroline Glidden, a former graduate student at OSU who is now a postdoctoral researcher at Stanford University. “On the other hand, many strategies used in terrestrial epidemics are readily implemented in marine systems. These include broad prevention strategies such as reducing pathogen transport via human activity and conservation of biodiversity and habitats with marine protected areas or other restrictions on human use.

Laurel Field, co-author of an OSU graduate student currently pursuing a Ph.D. at Florida State, said other useful outbreak response strategies are surveillance networks to quickly detect emerging diseases, diagnostic tools to test for pathogens in a host, and disease modeling that tracks or predicts the transmission.

Once a disease has caused a decline in a host population, she said, translocating healthy individuals from elsewhere can be effective and restoring habitat can aid recovery.

“For severe declines, captive breeding and reintroductions may be necessary,” Field said. “In all disease outbreaks, threatened species lists like the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species can help assess population risk, mitigate threats and speed recovery actions, and they can provide the added benefit of legal clout Marine disease management is challenging and many management tools require additional development or resources to be effective, but there are many strategies we can employ.

To improve the management of diseases in marine wildlife, and given that it is particularly difficult to stop epidemics at sea, scientists recommend preventively improving the health of the marine ecosystem and creating more networks disease surveillance and response such as USO. APRIL network.

They also advocate for greater capacity for basic research into marine disease systems and support for facilities where research can be undertaken, especially those with infrastructure to house or farm marine species.

All of the researchers’ recommendations can be backed by legislation and policy to explicitly support wildlife health, she added, noting that despite several recent efforts, there is no enacted legislation in the United States. or in the world that deals with wildlife disease emergencies.

Silke Bachhuber, Shannon Hennessey, Brittany Poirson, Zachary Randell, Erick White, Maya Feezell and Heather Fulton-Bennett from the College of Science and Robyn Cates, Lesley Cohen, Elin Crockett, Michelle Degnin-Warner and Devyn Pires also participated in the study . from the Carlson College of Veterinary Medicine.

Traces of fungi found growing inside tumors may be linked to patient outcomes: ScienceAlert


Scientists have discovered traces of the fungus hidden in the tumors of people with different types of cancer, including breast, colon, pancreatic and lung cancers.

However, it is still unclear whether these fungi play a role in the development or progression of cancer.

Two new studies, both published September 29 in the journal Celldiscovered DNA from fungal cells hiding in tumors throughout the body.

In one study, researchers looked for the genetic fingerprints of fungi in 35 different types of cancer by examining more than 17,000 tissue, blood and plasma samples from cancer patients.

Not all tumor tissue samples tested positive for fungi, but overall the team found fungi in all 35 cancer types assessed.

“Some tumors had no fungus at all, and some had a huge amount of fungus,” co-lead author Ravid Straussman, a cancer biologist at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel, told STAT. often, however, when the tumors contained fungi, they did so in “low abundance,” the team noted in their report.

Based on the amount of fungal DNA discovered by his team, Straussman estimated that some tumors contain one fungal cell for every 1,000 to 10,000 cancer cells.

If you consider that a small tumor can be loaded with around a billion cancer cells, you can imagine that mushrooms can “have a big effect on cancer biology,” he said.

Related: Dormant Cancer Cells May ‘Wake Up’ Due to a Change in This Key Protein

Straussman and his team found that each type of cancer tended to be associated with its own unique collection of fungal species; these included generally harmless fungi known to live in humans and some that can cause disease, such as yeast infections.

In turn, these fungal species often coexisted with particular bacteria within the tumor. For now, it is not known if and how these microbes interact in the tumor and if their interactions help fuel the spread of cancers.

The second Cell the study found similar results to the first but focused specifically on gastrointestinal, lung and breast tumors, Nature reported. The researchers found that each of these three types of cancer tended to harbor the fungal genera candidiasis, Blastomycesand Malasseziarespectively.

Both research groups have found clues that the growth of certain fungi may be linked to worsening cancer outcomes. For example, Straussman’s group discovered that breast cancer patients with the fungus Malassezia globosa in their tumors showed lower survival rates than patients whose tumors did not have the fungus.

The second group, led by immunologist Iliyan Iliev of Weill Cornell Medicine in New York, found that patients with a relatively high abundance of candidiasis in their gastrointestinal tumors showed increased gene activity linked to endemic inflammation, cancer spread and low survival rates, Nature reported.

Despite these early clues, none of the studies can say for sure if fungi actually cause these poor outcomes or if aggressive cancers simply create an environment where these fungi can easily grow.

The studies also don’t address whether mushrooms can contribute to the development of cancer, causing healthy cells to become cancerous.

Both studies have similar limitations. For example, tissue and blood samples were pulled from existing databases, and some samples may have been contaminated with fungi during the collection process, said Ami Bhatt, a microbiome specialist at the University. from Stanford, California. Nature.

Both research groups attempted to remove these contaminants, but even with these precautions, Bhatt said it would be best if the results could be replicated with samples taken in a sterile environment.

Straussman told STAT that these initial studies serve as a springboard for future research into the mycobiota, or communities of microbes associated with cancers.

“As a field, we need to assess everything we know about cancer,” he said. “Look at everything through the lens of the microbiome – the bacteria, the fungi, the tumors, even the viruses. There are all these creatures in the tumor, and they have to have an effect.”

Related content:

This article was originally published by Live Science. Read the original article here.

Trading names and changes for the week of October 2, 2022


EDUCATIONSenator Tim Kaine recognized Karyna Nevarezinclusion coordinator at Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine, during a Hispanic Heritage Month celebration in Richmond on Sept. 26.

Michael NussbaumSenior Vice President, Professor, and Chair of the Department of Surgery at Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine and the Carilion Clinic, has been admitted to the American College of Surgeons Academy of Master Surgeon Educators.

Mike Gouttiere was named Director of Virginia Cooperative Extension and Associate Dean of Virginia Tech College of Agriculture and Life Sciences.

RIGHTThe following attorneys from Glenn, Feldmann, Darby & Goodlatte have been selected to be featured in the 2022 29th edition of The Best Lawyers in America: Paul G. Beers, Harwell M. Darby Jr., Mark E. Feldmann, Maryellen F. Goodlatte, David I. Tenzer and Robert A. Ziogas. Beers was also recognized as “Lawyer of the Year 2023” in Litigation — Labor and Employment in Roanoke.

People also read…

ORGANIZATIONSJeanne M. Bollendorf was promoted to general manager of Virginia Children’s Theatre.

Kathy Deacon was named vice president of business and resource development for The Advancement Foundation.

Two regional business leaders will be recognized as recipients of Southwest Virginia’s 31st Southwest Virginia Business Hall of Fame on November 16: Sandra Davis, former owner, BCR Property Management; and Dr Michael FriedlanderExecutive Director, Fralin Biomedical Research Institute. Dr. Robert Gourdieresearcher and entrepreneur, and founder of Tiny Cargo, will be recognized as entrepreneur of the year at the Hall of Fame event.

OTHER American Electric Power has appointed Aaron Walker president and chief operating officer of Appalachian Power.

The Roanoke Regional Acceleration and Mentorship Program (RAMP) welcomes the following entrepreneurs and their start-ups to their Fall 2022 cohort: Feng Lin and Zhengrui XuFermi Energy Inc.; Sal Ferlise and Emily SweetDot Solutions LLC; Kumar Kandasamyengineering enabled; Michael Miller and Jessica Gilbertie, Qentoros; and Cassie Wilson and Jason AndersonKenkashi microbes.

Please submit trade names and changes to names@roanoke.com. Color photographs only, please.

Demopolis School Board Hears Salary Scale, Contract Request – The Demopolis Times


Demopolis School Board hears salary scale and contract request

Posted at 3:10 p.m. on Friday, September 30, 2022

On September 19, the Demopolis School Board had a somewhat lighthearted agenda that included public comment, approval of action and consent items, and a briefing report from Superintendent Tony Willis.

Under public comment, Major Walker appeared before council to discuss and share comments regarding bus driver pay scales and a schedule change for himself. Walker said the current pay for bus drivers is $12 an hour and he asked the council to consider giving them a raise. Walker’s second demand was for the board to remove the 6-hour flexible clause from his contract.

The council agreed to consider Walker’s request and said they would return with him at a later date.

Under the briefing items, Willis reported that the school system has received approval from the fire chief to complete the phases of fire alarm system upgrades as needed. Roofing work has started at the high school gymnasium/theater and is expected to last approximately one week to 10 days. Locks also arrived for rekeying at the high school and were installed on September 24 and 25.

The USJ entry project offer went to Bob Summerville (local) and he plans to work weekends and will start on the project soon. Designs for the added parking lot and driveway to Maria at the WES Multipurpose Building have been approved. The school system is waiting for bidders’ prices.

Board Approved Items:

  • Board member Bobby Armstead has been nominated and approved as a delegate to the AASB’s annual conference in Birmingham, AL on December 1, 2022.
  • Approved DHS Department of Biology for field visit to Dauphin Island Sea Lab, November 1-2 in Dauphin Island, AL
  • DHS Auditorium Use Request Approved by Black Belt Dream Center, October 12, 2022 (5:00-10:00 p.m.)

Personal report

  • Employment: David Vann as Industrial Maintenance Instructor, effective 9/20/22 (pending satisfactory documentation and Board approval), Angela Wyatt as Hall Clerk dining, 9/20/22 (pending receipt of satisfactory documentation and Board approval)
  • Replacements: Burnia Crispin with a sub, Keisha Cox with a sub, Darren Williams with a sub
  • Miscellaneous: Robin Maroney as intervention teacher for this school year

Devils Hole pupfish population soars in Death Valley National Park


Divers went to depths of 100ft to count pupfish at Devils Hole in Death Valley National Park/NPS

One of the most endangered fish species on the planet, one that inhabits a tiny, water-filled canyon, has experienced a population boom. National Park Service biologists recently surveyed the Devils Hole pupfish colony in Death Valley National Park and counted 263 individuals, the highest number recorded in 19 years.

This tally follows a 7.6 magnitude earthquake in Mexico that caused 4ft waves in Devils Hole on September 19. Pupfish are counted using visual dive and surface counters. The lapping waves washed away algae, invertebrates and other organic matter from a shallow shelf that pupfish use for food and spawning. This made it easier for biologists to see and count pupfish from the surface. Scientists using scuba diving have also counted pupfish at greater depths.

Devils Hole pupfish (Cyprinodon diabolis) live within the upper 80 feet of a cavern filled with deep water and a sunlit shallow plateau at the entrance to the cave, making them the smallest range of vertebrate species on the planet, according to the Park Service. Devils Hole is an isolated unit of Death Valley National Park, adjacent to Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge in Nye County, Nevada. Staff from the US Fish and Wildlife Service, Nevada Department of Wildlife, and National Park Service are cooperating to manage this critically endangered species.

Population size is estimated by counting fish throughout its habitat, with standard counting protocols. Scientists dive to count fish in the cavern, starting at depths less than 100 feet. Simultaneously, other scientists count the fish on the shallow shelf at the surface of the waters. The final tally includes both surface and underwater fish. The official result, 263 observable pupfish, is the highest fall count since September 2003.

Devils Hole pupfish population has skyrocketed / NPS file

Before the 1990s, the population was around 400 to 500 pupfish in the fall. However, pupfish numbers have been particularly low over the past two decades, averaging just 90 fish.

A return to higher numbers of pupfish at this time of year could signal significant changes in the ecosystem. Kevin Wilson, aquatic ecologist for Death Valley National Park, manages resources at Devils Hole and says “recent high counts in the spring and fall show the importance of maintaining long-term data as we are working to find out what has changed.”

Brandon Senger, supervising fisheries biologist for the Nevada Department of Wildlife, has been doing dive counts at Devils Hole since 2014 and noted, “I’ve never seen the population this robust before. Fish of all size classes were abundant. counted more fish at one level than we had in total in previous counts.”

Other biologists on site noted that the fish appeared in remarkable condition and were very active. Many pairs of courting and spawning pupfish were seen during the count. Jennifer Gumm, who manages the Ash Meadows Fish Conservation Facility for the US Fish and Wildlife Service, said “earthquake-induced spawning is a fascinating aspect of this species’ behavior.”

Having more pupfish in Devils Hole also affects the direction and focus of species recovery. This week’s tally continues an overall fall increase over the past nine years from an all-time low of 35 fish.

Michael Schwemm, senior fish biologist for the US Fish and Wildlife Service, said: “It’s exciting to see the numbers steadily increasing over the past few years. The current trend, especially in this highly variable population, clearly shows that habitat conditions have changed significantly since the lowest counts, and we are excited about future directions for research and recovery.

The next pupfish count will take place in the spring of 2023.

Counting pupfish in the shallow Devils Hole Plateau / Death Valley Natural History Association, Kendra DeSomma

Studying vampire bats to predict the next pandemic


Courtesy/Virginia Tech


In June, Virginia Tech assistant professor Luis Escobar led a team of students to the Andes and lowlands of Colombia to understand how vampire bats can help predict and prevent the next big epidemic.

Escobar is an expert in assessing how diseases respond to climate and landscape change in the College of Natural Resources and Environment Fish and Wildlife Conservation Department. With a $358,000 grant from the National Science Foundation and support from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), his latest project examines how vampire bats carrying the rabies virus can help scientists predict areas where wildlife virus transmission could occur in years to come.

The study documents in depth how the confluence of geography, population characteristics and climate change affects the spread of infectious diseases from bats to other species and offers new models to predict when and where such events occur. overflow will occur. The findings could shed light on environmental conditions that increase the likelihood of transmission of rabies as well as other diseases transmitted from animals to humans, such as coronavirus and Ebola virus.

Colombia’s varied climate and topography – from the cold, arid highlands of the Andes to the hot, humid lowlands and coastal areas – provide the perfect setting for such research.

“Climate change and rising temperatures increase the risk of the spread of infectious diseases,” Escobar said. “Colombia offers an excellent system to see the effects of extreme temperatures up close without having to wait for climate change to occur. We monitor large areas and different climates and altitudes to create a global study of the factors driving the geography of overflows to answer the question: Can we predict overflows in spatial areas? »

Vampire bats are ideal wild hosts for studying disease transmission. They are a frequent source of the spread of pathogens in Latin America, where livestock deaths from the rabies virus are common. As bats and bat-borne infections advance further north due to warming temperatures, vampire bat rabies poses a significant threat to livestock, livestock and other animals in the southern United States.

“Many disease-causing pathogens come from bats, which can infect a wide range of species, from carnivores to livestock and humans,” Escobar said. “We have learned many lessons about the disease from rabies, which makes rabies an excellent model for understanding how ongoing climate change may trigger the next pandemic. If we can get a good idea of ​​how environmental conditions – landscape, temperature, rain, urbanization – increase or decrease disease transmission, we can better understand how pathogens cross species lineages to spread in the public and cause epidemics and even pandemics like COVID-19[FEMININE”[FEMININE”

As the study’s principal investigator, Escobar, who is a faculty member affiliated with the Global Change Center and the Center for Emerging, Zoonotic, and Arthropod-borne Pathogens, conducts all field research in addition to general project supervision and management.

Courtesy/Virginia Tech

His colleague, Professor Eric Hallerman of the Department of Fish and Wildlife Conservation, will conduct a population genetic assessment from the vampire bat samples. He will also examine the relationships between different populations of vampire bats to determine whether they share genes or have independent colonies, which can help the team better understand transmission processes.

Co-Principal Investigator Lawrence Childs, associate professor of mathematics at college of science, will bring together different data models, creating a mathematical modeling framework to reconstruct and help project future overflow events.

Virginia Tech scientists are partnering in this effort with senior scientists from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, La Salle University in Colombia, and officials from the Colombian ministries of health and agriculture.

Students find the chance to excel in fieldwork

To collect the first field data in June, Escobar assembled and trained a team of Virginia Tech students, including one graduate student and three undergraduate students. The team, joined by students from four Colombian universities, visited four sites with different altitudes, temperatures and ecological conditions to trap and sample more than 250 vampire bats.

Working at night, when bats are most active, they caught bats in large rectangular mist nets in forests and farmlands. They also learned to descend into caves wearing biohazard suits, gloves and masks to catch bats during the day. The bats were placed in bags and taken back to a mobile lab, where Escobar and the students identified the species, measured them, took blood samples, tagged them, and gave them a water solution. sweetened before releasing them.

The opportunity to gain hands-on research and fieldwork experience is a priority for the college. Students studying in the Department of Fish and Wildlife Conservation must complete an experiential learning experience before graduation; one option to fulfill this requirement is undergraduate research.

The college and department also value inclusion and opportunity, and Escobar specifically encouraged applications from students from backgrounds that are underrepresented and underserved in disease ecology.

Dyess Harp, of Berryville, Va., who graduated with a degree in fish and wildlife conservation in June, said the experience confirmed her interest in pursuing a master’s degree in the field.

“The opportunity to gain hands-on experience with biodiversity, disease and bat ecology, and to be part of such a multicultural and supportive team was a dream come true,” Harp said. “For me, that was a really encouraging thing because queer people, especially transgender people, have never been included in field research trips of this magnitude.”

Quan Dong, a senior from Annandale, Va., who majored in wildlife conservation and biological sciences, called it “a trip of a lifetime.”

Courtesy/Virginia Tech

“It was by far my best college experience to date,” he said. “Fieldwork is a unique experience that can’t really be replicated any other way. I was able to learn skills related to the physical aspects of fieldwork, such as techniques for setting up a mist net and pacing for a day hike through the mountains. I was also able to learn how to be an effective researcher, provide critical feedback, and collaborate with others. I expect these skills to stay with me throughout my life and help spur a successful career in wildlife conservation.

Dong also formulated his own separate research project on bat acoustics and echolocation activity. He has recorded bat vocalizations and is currently studying the unique and common languages ​​of vampire bats in various regions.

Escobar and a new group of students will return next year to collect more samples and complete the study. In the meantime, the team is analyzing a century of historical data from Latin America, looking for patterns of climate change and rabies spread that could be useful in predicting future transmission events.

“Students studying wildlife conservation at the College of Natural Resources and Environment have a unique opportunity to not only get mud on their boots, but also work with the CDC and other health agencies. who study wildlife diseases,” Escobar said. “Through projects like this, we are filling a critical niche: the empirical study of the effects of climate change on disease emergence.

“Student success is central to our department and gaining research experience in new settings and with pressing environmental issues is a great way for students to flesh out their CVs and ensure their success as they go. are moving beyond Virginia Tech,” said Joel Snodgrass, Dept. director and professor in the Department of Fish and Wildlife Conservation. “Dr. Escobar’s work represents such an opportunity and clearly demonstrates the benefits to our students of a diverse faculty and student body.

Opening new avenues for research and education in neuroscience | MIT News


Payton Dupuis’ interest in biology research began where it does for many future scientists – seeing a relative struggling with an incurable disease. For Dupuis, that family member was his uncle, who was suffering from complications from diabetes. Dupuis, a senior at Montana State University, says diabetes is prevalent on the Flathead Reservation in Montana, where she grew up, and witnessing the impacts of the disease inspired her to pursue a career in Scientific Research. Since then, this passion has led him to travel the country to participate in various summer research programs in biomedical sciences.

More recently, she participated in the Bernard S. and Sophie G. Gould Biology Summer Research Program at MIT (BSG-MSRP-Bio). The program, offered by the departments of Biology and Brain and Cognitive Sciences, is designed to encourage students from underrepresented groups to attend graduate school and pursue careers in scientific research. More than 85% of participants went on to enroll in top graduate programs, with many returning to MIT, just as Dupuis envisions.

Her journey, from witnessing the effects of her uncle’s diabetes to considering graduate school at MIT, was only made possible by Dupuis’ love of science and his ability to “find positive,” as she puts it, in every experience.

As a high school student, Dupuis took her first trip to the Northeast, attending Carnegie Mellon University’s Summer Academy of Mathematics and Science. For Dupuis, who had not even studied calculus yet, the experience was a welcome challenge. “It definitely made me work hard,” she laughs, comparing herself to the other participants in the program. “But I proved to myself, to no one else, that I belonged in this program.”

Besides being a confidence booster, the Carnegie Mellon program also gave Dupuis his first taste of scientific research while working in a biomedical laboratory on tissue regeneration. She was excited about the possibilities of growing new organs – such as the insulin-producing pancreas that could help regulate her uncle’s diabetes – outside of the body. Dupuis was officially addicted to biology.

His experience that summer encouraged Dupuis to specialize in chemical engineering, seeing it as a good path to biomedical research. Unfortunately, the chemical engineering program at Montana State was not what she expected, focusing less on the human body and more on the petroleum industry. In this context, his ability to see a silver lining served Dupuis well.

“It wasn’t really what I wanted, but it was still interesting because there were ways to apply it to the body,” she explains. “Like fluid mechanics – instead of water flowing through a pipe, I was thinking about blood flowing through veins.”

Dupuis adds that the chemical engineering program also gave her problem-solving skills that were invaluable as she took on biology-focused summer programs to help hone her interests. One summer, she worked in the Montana State Department of Chemistry, gaining hands-on experience in a wet lab. “I didn’t really know the chemistry behind what I was doing,” she admits, “but I fell in love with it.” Another summer, she participated in the Tufts Building Diversity in Biomedical Sciences program, exploring the genetic side of research in a project on bone development in mice.

In 2020, a local tribal college mentor put Dupuis in touch with Keith Henry, associate professor of biomedical sciences at the University of North Dakota. With Henry, Dupuis searched for new binding sites for the neurotransmitter serotonin that could help minimize the side effects associated with long-term use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), the most common class of antidepressants. more common. That summer was Dupuis’ first exposure to brain research and his first experience modeling biological processes with computers. She loved it. In fact, upon returning to the state of Montana, Dupuis enrolled as a computer science minor.

Because of the minor, Dupuis needed an extra year to graduate, leaving him one more summer for a research program. His older sister had already participated in the general MSRP program at MIT, so it was obvious for Dupuis to apply for the biology-specific program.

This summer, Dupuis was placed in the lab of Troy Littleton, Menicon Professor of Neuroscience at the Picower Institute for Learning and Memory. “I definitely fell in love with the lab,” she says. With Littleton, Dupuis carried out a project on complexine, a protein that can both inhibit and facilitate the release of neurotransmitters like serotonin. It is also essential for the fusion of synaptic vesicles, the parts of neurons that store and release neurotransmitters.

A number of human neurological diseases have been linked to complexine deficiency, although Dupuis says scientists are still figuring out what the protein does and how it works.

To that end, Dupuis focused this summer on fruit flies, which have two different types of complexin — humans, by comparison, have four. Using gene editing, she designed an experiment comparing fruit flies with varying amounts of different subtypes of the protein. There was the positive control group, which was not affected; the negative control group which had no complexine; and two experimental groups, each with one of the subtypes removed. Using fluorescent staining, Dupuis compared how neurons lit up in each group of flies, shedding light on how changing the amount of complexine altered how the flies released neurotransmitters and formed new ones. synaptic connections.

Having touched on so many different areas of biological research through summer programs, Dupuis says researching neural activity in fruit flies this summer was the perfect intellectual fit and a formative experience in as a researcher.

“I’ve definitely learned to take an experience and make it my own and figure out what works best for me, but still produces the results we need,” she says.

As for what’s next, Dupuis says her experience at MIT convinced her to pursue graduate studies in brain science. “Boston is really where I want to be and eventually work, with all the biotech and biopharmaceutical companies around,” she says. One of the benefits of the MSRP-Bio program is the professional development opportunities. Although Dupuis has always been interested in the industry, she says she enjoyed attending career panels this summer that demystified what this career path really looks like and what it takes to get there.

Perhaps the most important aspect of the program for Dupuis, however, was the confidence it gave her as she continues to navigate the world of biomedical research. She intends to bring this back with her to the state of Montana to encourage her classmates to seek out similar summer opportunities.

“I know there are so many people who would make great researchers and love science, but they just don’t know about it or think they can get it,” she says. “All I would say is you just have to apply. You just have to put yourself forward. »

Global Enterovirus Testing Kits Market Research Report 2022-2028 | Sartorius AG, Abbexa Ltd, Cepheid Inc., Aviva Systems Biology Corporation, Cusabio Technology LLC


A huge observation providing an assessment of the forecast on enterovirus test kits market has been diffused. By correlating historical statistics with key market dynamics, our analysts could make extraordinarily astute projections. The document consists of an intensive assessment of the global enterovirus test kits market segmented by type, application and region. Trends and opportunities are highlighted, associated with the proportion of organizations in the market, as well as their market valuation.

The enterovirus test kit market is largely compartmentalised based on foreseeable updates within the scope of improvement of parameters, such as quality, reliability, stopping consumer solicitations, applications and others. The market document includes preferred success parameters, containments, and barring elementary illumination of notable stats near existing and intended examples that may challenge advancement. The comprehensive document on Enterovirus Testing Kits Market explains the inside and outside illustration of the cutting-edge advancements, parameters, and establishments.

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The study conducted on the Enterovirus Testing Kits market is a joint effort to incorporate the general note of the space with respect to the level of the market implied by market domain, buyer base and different generation designs. Additionally, the study also includes a current state of the market, considering the past and future classification of the market.

The main players are: Sartorius AG, Abbexa Ltd, Cepheid Inc., Aviva Systems Biology Corporation, Cusabio Technology LLC, ELITech Group SAS, Creative Diagnostics, Quidel Corporation, DiaSorin, bioMérieux, Primerdesign Ltd and QIAGEN.

What exactly does the regional Enterovirus Testing Kits market report mean?

  • The growth rate is expected to be achieved by the end of the forecast period.
  • What exactly does the report cover for Comparable Bandwidth for Enterovirus Test Kits Market?
  • The study for Market includes exclusive data on the contribution of each player named in the report with an additional player profile to come.
  • Extensive information on the capacity and production methods of all these stakeholders has been included.
  • Estimated revenue and overall rating combined with product description and detailed SWOT analysis were also reported in the study.
  • The study has been carefully divided into several regions: North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America and Middle East & Africa.
  • The study lists the consumer base in all the regions mentioned above, adding the production and market share along with the total market share across the range.


Market Overview: This is the first section of the report that includes an overview of the scope of products offered in the Enterovirus Testing Kits Market, segments by product and application, and market size.

Market Competition by Player: Here, the report shows how the competition in the Enterovirus Testing Kits market is growing or decreasing based on an in-depth analysis of market concentration rate, competitive situations and trends, expansions, merger agreements and acquisition and other matters. It also shows how different companies are progressing in the Enterovirus Testing Kits market with respect to revenue, production, sales, and market share.

Company Profiles and Sales Data: This part of the report is very important because it provides statistics as well as other types of analysis of the major manufacturers in the market. It rates each player studied in the report on the basis of major business, gross margin, revenue, sales, price, competitors, manufacturing base, product specifications, product product application and product category.

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Market by product: This section carefully analyzes all product segments of the

Enterovirus Test Kits Market.

Market by application: Here, various application segments of the market are considered for the research study.

Market Forecast: It starts with the revenue forecast and then continues with the sales, sales growth rate, and market revenue growth rate forecast. The forecast is also provided considering the products, applications, and regional segments of the Enterovirus Test Kit market.

Upstream raw materials: This section includes industry chain analysis, manufacturing cost structure analysis, and major raw materials market analysis.

Analysis of the marketing strategy, Distributors: Here, the research study delves into the behavior and other factors of downstream customers, distributors, marketing channel development trends, and marketing channels such as indirect marketing and direct marketing.

Research results and conclusion: This section is solely dedicated to the conclusion and findings of the research study on Enterovirus Test Kits market.

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The report contains parts that present the accompanying on the company that can be transmitted

  1. Analysis of market effect factors including technical progress/risk, consumer needs/changing customer preferences and economic/political environmental changes
  2. Enterovirus Testing Kits Market forecast, including production, consumption, import and export by type, applications and region
  3. Market Dynamics, Regulation, and Trend Analysis – Market dynamics, regulatory scenario, industry trend, mergers and acquisitions, new system introduction/approval, value chain analysis, carrier analysis, and struggle analysis pest control
  4. Global Enterovirus Testing Kits Market by Region
  5. Manufacturer market competition including production, share, yield, average price, production base distribution, sales area and product type
  6. Market Manufacturers Profiles/Analysis including basic company information, production base and competitors
  7. Enterovirus Test Kit Market production cost analysis including major raw materials and major raw material suppliers
  8. Industrial chain, sourcing strategy and downstream buyers including downstream sourcing and downstream purchasing
  9. Analysis of marketing strategy, distributors/dealers, including marketing channel, market positioning and list of distributors/dealers
  10. Research results and conclusion

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Filmmaker couple capture groundbreaking footage of rare shark species


The rising moon shone on the lens of the heavy underwater camera, now dripping with water after being pulled out of the cold Rhode Island ocean water. Wildlife filmmakers Joe and Lauren Romeiro had just completed a night dive they were becoming famous for: the New England Shark Night Dive.

Lauren Romeiro, a PhD student at the University of Rhode Island (URI) and marine biologist, spent a lot of time on the water growing up. “I got to see my first shark in the wild and that’s what really sparked my interest at first,” she recalls. Her husband, Joe, has a different story of how he got to love sharks. He left the Azores for the United States when he was younger and, unable to speak English, he was exposed to the world of natural history films and became interested in one animal in particular. “Sharks have always interested me because when I moved here my parents took me to the beach and it looked exactly like the scene in Jaws. Sharks were a big part of my favorites and thanks to that, I found my first “heroes,” he says. Fascinated by the workings of filmmaking, he made his own toy cameras to play with.”[Once] I became old [I landed] my first job in an animation studio – so from an early age I was surrounded by cinematography and storytelling. [Eventually] I was successful enough in my other endeavors that I was able to support myself by buying my first camera.

Today, the duo are a multi-award winning team from Rhode Island who founded 333 Productions, a production studio focused on producing wildlife films and photographic content. It’s surprising to many that sharks have been roaming Rhode Island waters for centuries, but they’re here! Some favorites include dark (Carcharhinus obscurus), blue (Prionace glauca), fox (family Alopiidae), mako (mainly Isurus oxyrinchus), lounge (Cetorhinus maximus), large white (Carcharodon carcharias), hammerhead shark (family Sphyrnidae), tiger (Galeocerdo cuvier) and porbeagle (lamna nasus). “Despite everything we already know about [sharks], I feel like every time we meet on the water, I’m constantly learning something different. They are very intelligent animals and each species is so unique and has adapted to its own environment,” says Lauren. “Porbeagles are a species that we have been tracking for a few years. We always try to capture something different and unique that has never been done before. We were able to learn so much about the behavior of this animal that has never been documented.

Named for its “porpoise” shape, this large, powerful shark is often mistaken for a small, odd-looking great white shark or mako shark. This may be due to their coloring: they are dark bluish gray above and whitish below. Known to be a circumglobal species, they undertake daily vertical migrations to feed on fish and squid. Porbeagles are a species for which there are not many photographs and videos. In the world of sharks, they are considered “ghosts” due to their elusiveness. The difficulty of the target made the Romeiros want to pursue it more. “There are very few photos or film footage of free-swimming porbeagle sharks anywhere in the world,” says Joe. “We were at night on our research vessel (the R/V WARFISH) capturing what few people have ever seen, hoping for a single porbeagle, but then we saw five interacting with each other . It was the maternal burden!

The Romeiros revealed their groundbreaking porbeagle images on their YouTube channel (seen here and here). As we can see on the video, two porbeagles seem to challenge each other… then three others show up! “Everything I thought I knew about this animal was wrong. I didn’t expect to see several of this animal at the same time, not only interacting with each other, but also really in tune with us and our research equipment,” Lauren says. “Were they there to mate or was this their hunting ground? We want to better understand their movements, behaviors and social interactions. This encounter not only contributes to enriching our knowledge of this rare species of shark, but it also helps us to acquire the data necessary to strengthen their protection against threats.

The Romeiros apply non-invasive sampling techniques, avoiding disturbing the natural behavior of critically endangered animals. “Our research technique allows us to observe many different animals at the same time as well as at different stages of their life, which shows that we do not need to rely on capturing animals to obtain data. “, explains Lauren. Joe thinks the added layer of photography and videography brings a world of invisible animals into the lives of people who don’t see them every day. “The visuals are what carry the voice of these animals. To me, they are everything,” says Joe. Lauren agrees, concluding: “Photography and videography [is] a way for me to show people the way I [see] sharks: as magnificent and awe-inspiring creatures that are essential to the health of ocean ecosystems.

Research Brief: Similar Drugs Cost More


MINNEAPOLIS/ST. PAUL (09/27/2022) — In a research letter published in JAMA internal medicine, researchers at the University of Minnesota compared the prices of 120 drugs commonly used in humans and pets. The authors found that the price of human drugs was generally higher than the price of pet drugs containing the same ingredients at equivalent doses for humans.

On average, the retail price of human drugs was about 5.5 times higher than that of pet drugs. Discounted prices for humans were higher than pet prices for more than 60% of drugs. On average, discounted prices were 1.5 times higher for human drugs than for pet drugs.

“A 10-day supply of the same drug costs $2 for a pet dog, $10 for a person with a discount coupon, and $100 for a person without a coupon,” said Arjun Gupta, MBBS, an assistant professor at the U of M School of Medicine and an oncologist at M Health Fairview. He is also a member of the Masonic Cancer Center. “With many uninsured or underinsured humans and pets, it’s important that cash prices for medications are affordable and that pricing is not price gouging.”

Human prices were also higher than pet prices for drugs such as antibiotics. Researchers warn that this could encourage humans to source antibiotics for their own use from pets, especially as human use of antibiotics is more regulated.

The reasons for the dramatic price differentials remain unclear. The research team says one possibility could be that drugmakers engage in price discrimination by charging consumers different prices in different markets for the same product. Additionally, price differences could reflect variations in drug efficacy, willingness to pay, and manufacturing, storage, and regulatory standards.

Further research is suggested to explore the causes of price differences.


About University of Minnesota Medical School
The University of Minnesota Medical School is at the forefront of learning and discovery, transforming medical care and training the next generation of physicians. Our graduates and faculty produce high-impact biomedical research and advance the practice of medicine. We recognize that the U of M medical school, both the Twin Cities campus and the Duluth campus, is located on the traditional, ancestral, and contemporary lands of the Dakotas and Ojibwe, and dozens of other Indigenous peoples, and we affirm our commitment to tribal communities and their sovereignty as we seek to improve and strengthen our relationships with tribal nations. For more information about the U of M School of Medicine, please visit med.umn.edu.

Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of press releases posted on EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.

New findings on the effects of Covid on the colon


Although SARS-CoV-2 infections primarily attack the lungs, in many cases they can also damage other organs, such as the colon: approximately 60% of patients have suffered impacts to the digestive tract. Researchers from MedUni Vienna analyzed the manifestations of Covid-19 in the lungs and colon and identified the differences at the molecular level. Their findings, recently published in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences, form the basis for the identification of new biomarkers and the development of novel treatment strategies.

The scientific team, led by Diana Mechtcheriakova from the Institute of Pathophysiology and Allergy Research at MedUni Vienna, studied the singularities and commonalities of the impact of Covid-19 on the lungs and other organs. Using analyzes of complex datasets, the researchers recognized that a different molecular mechanism is at work in the pulmonary and gastrointestinal manifestations. While SARS-CoV-2 infections of the lungs evoke classic immune system responses, in the gastrointestinal tract they evoke responses related to hepatic and lipid metabolism.

Better understanding of SARS-CoV-2 responses

The fact that SARS-CoV-2 infections manifest not only in the lungs, but also frequently in other organs, such as the heart, kidneys, skin or intestine, can be attributed to the structure specific to the virus. During the course of Covid-19, up to 60% of patients present with gastrointestinal symptoms, which may be associated with a longer duration of the disease and/or a more unfavorable course. The results of this study will contribute to our understanding of the organ- and tissue-specific molecular processes triggered by SARS-CoV-2. “Our findings may advance the identification of new biomarkers and treatment strategies for Covid-19, taking into account specific responses in manifestations outside the lung,” says Diana Mechtcheriakova, head of the systems biology research group molecular and pathophysiology at MedUni Vienna, holding the prospect of promising follow-up studies.

/Public release. This material from the original organization/authors may be ad hoc in nature, edited for clarity, style and length. The views and opinions expressed are those of the author or authors.View Full here.

This Fish Bite Story – The Unusual Story of the Moore County Piranha | New


Big fish don’t swim in shallow waters…the strong ones can venture upstream…the piranhas of life aren’t bad unless we let them devour us.

Metaphorical fish live in an eternity of words of wisdom. The red-bellied piranha found at Aberdeen Lake on Saturday did not fare as well. This fish is dead and in Chad and Lindsay Ray’s freezer. However, the Rays’ Facebook post has now been shared over 20,000 times. So, maybe he can live in infamy, too… except online and on a bag of keto cauliflower rice.

Colorado’s state fish, once thought to be extinct, breeds naturally in native waters


Colorado’s state fish, the greenback cutthroat trout, was once thought to be completely extinct, but state biologists announced Friday that the species is now reproducing on its own.

In 2016, Colorado Parks and Wildlife began stocking Herman Gulch near Silver Plume with newly hatched fish in hopes they would one day breed. The fish brought to Herman Gulch are now mature and repopulating without human assistance.

“It’s just another assertion that our conservation practices are working and that we can save species from the brink,” said CPW aquatic scientist Kevin Rogers.

Federal authorities first listed the green-backed cutthroat as extinct in the 1930s, but small populations in Colorado discovered in 1957, 1965, and 1970 have left the species a tenuous, but consistent, presence on national lists. ‘endangered species.

Biologists later discovered that these populations were not purebred green trout. They were actually a similar-looking subspecies. But in 2012, researchers discovered the world’s only natural purebred animal. population of greenback cutthroat trout in a 3.5 mile run from Bear Creek.

Since that discovery, Colorado Parks and Wildlife has operated a trout hatchery to maintain sustainable population levels.

“Each spring, CPW aquatic biologists strapped on heavy electrofishing backpacks to painstakingly swim up Bear Creek to catch greenbacks and collect milt and roe – sperm and eggs,” a CPW statement read. .

Widening participation in STEM requires a change in attitude


Credit: Unsplash/CC0 public domain

According to a new study, students exclude themselves or enter STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) disciplines, based on stereotypical views of what makes a typical student.

New research from the University of Reading has found a social hierarchy in STEM, as well as narrow but differing views on the ideal or typical student in each discipline. These opinions are shared by STEM students and are informed by broader societal opinions.

The results, which are published today in International Studies in the Sociology of Education, may explain why women, people of color, and students with disabilities are underrepresented in certain STEM subjects. To change that, attitudes must change, say the researchers.

Students think biology is easy and physics is hard. How students talk about STEM subjects, themselves and their fellow students, reveals the influence of patriarchy, white supremacy, classism and ableism on who can study and excel in biology, engineering, math or physical.

Dr Billy Wong, Associate Professor at the Institute of Education, University of Reading, said: “Diversity in STEM is key to ensuring that research is designed to meet the needs and challenges faced by all. members of our communities.

“After making small gains in the number of women and minorities in STEM, over the past decades, we still see huge disparities in most STEM subjects, with the exception of biology and life sciences. life.

“Listening to students talk about STEM subjects actually revealed a lot about barriers to entry into non-biological sciences, math, and engineering.”

Dr. Wong and his team surveyed 89 students from two research-intensive universities who all study one (or more) of four subjects: biology, physics, mathematics and engineering. They asked participants what was the ideal student for their subject and the other three subjects, compared to the typical student.

Engineering, math, and physics students were described using masculine-associated language, such as “analytical,” “intelligent,” and “resilient.” Biology, on the other hand, is seen as a place of “collaboration”, “work-life balance” and “passion”.

Biology, where women are represented equally with men, is seen as the easiest STEM subject of the four.

Susie, a white British engineering student, was interviewed for the research. She said a lot of engineering students, especially women, “don’t know how good they are.” She said: “They think if they don’t get top marks… they’re not worth it because nobody says to them, ‘hey, that’s perfectly fine’, because… there’s a lot of pay attention to that first [class grade] to be the being and the end of everything.”

Francesca, a study participant and a black British woman, who is studying physics, said: “You have to be passionate about physics because physics is hard. So if you don’t like it as much as you say that you love it, you’re probably going to be tearing your hair out and giving up within six months of graduation… you have to have… insane resilience… you’re going to rewrite this code 20 times, re-do this problem 20 times. ” She also said physicists are normally “either white or male.”

Heather, a British East Asian woman interviewed for the research, said the ideal biology student “asks questions if [they] don’t understand anything”, as well as give “110% in their courses [and] does extra reading in his spare time.

Odessa, a white British participant, said the typical biology student is “willing to work hard” and work “with other people…on collaborative projects”, at least in part because their “department puts a lot focus on [wanting] Change of idea [that] scientists are people who literally work alone in a laboratory”. She said that “science is about collaboration” and that “people who fail in biology are not able to communicate”.

Dr Wong said: “It’s unclear which came first, the view of biology as an easy subject, or the more equal representation of women in the biological sciences. We think it’s likely that women choose the non-biological sciences on their own because they view them in masculine terms.

“This social hierarchy will also impact students with family responsibilities or paid work, as well as students with disabilities. Members of these groups may feel that tackling a ‘difficult’ subject would require ways of being totally incompatible with the demands of their lives.

“We need to make STEM subjects more inclusive and accessible to everyone and changing the image of who studies in each discipline would make a significant difference.”

Dr. Wong and his team believe that interventions to address these issues need to take place both in secondary school and in higher and higher education. These could include efforts by higher education staff and the wider STEM community to challenge the hierarchy, through better mutual recognition of the values ​​that different branches of STEM contribute. This would be greatly facilitated by opportunities for interdisciplinary work, say the researchers.

Interventions at an earlier stage of education, perhaps at key stage 3, or GCSE science education could focus on broadening the perceptions and popular view of those studying STEM subjects. Dr. Wong suggests teaching that STEM is not just for those who seem to reflect certain stereotypes. In fact, the ideal STEM student is supposed to be quite diverse and this is something students need to know from the start.

How gender norms influence what young people choose to study in school

More information:
Billy Wong et al, “Biology is Easy, Physics is Hard”: Student Perceptions of the Ideal and the Typical Student in STEM Higher Education, International Studies in the Sociology of Education (2022). DOI: 10.1080/09620214.2022.2122532

Provided by the University of Reading

Quote: Widening STEM participation requires a change in attitude (2022, September 26) Retrieved September 26, 2022, from https://phys.org/news/2022-09-widening-stem-requires-attitude.html

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How a Santa Clara rancher became an honorary citizen of Singapore – St George News


Dr Duane Gubler shares his research with locals near Calcutta, India, undated photo | Photo courtesy of Duane Gubler, St. George News

ST. GEORGE- Santa Clara native Dr. Duane Gubler slipped a gold medal engraved with a crescent moon and five stars on his head in June. The medal symbolized the honorary citizenship given to her by Halimah Yacob, President of Singapore, for her monumental contributions to the city-state’s importance in global infectious disease research.

Dr Duane Gubler receives honorary citizenship of Singapore alongside his wife, Bobbie Gubler, and Singapore President Halimah Yacob, Singapore, June 9, 2022 | Photo courtesy of Justin Gubler, St. George News

“I was touched by that,” Gubler said. “It was hard to believe I was worthy of it.”

Eventually retired and settled in St. George, Gubler’s journey to earning this award took him and his family around the world and back – literally.

Following his family’s traditions, Gubler grew up raising cattle with his brother near Santa Clara, raising cattle in the mountains of Pine Valley during the summer and in the southern hills of St. George during the winter. . Gubler met his wife, Bobbie, in Santa Clara High School, and they married in 1958, when they were 18.

Originally planning to make a living as a cowboy, Gubler found he wasn’t making enough money ranching on his own. He decided to go to college in Cedar City, where he found a mentor who guided him to study medicine. Gubler completed her bachelor’s degree in Logan, Utah, and her master’s degree at the University of Hawaii. He eventually got his doctorate. from Johns Hopkins University, where he studied tropical medicine and disease ecology.

“It was the 1960s,” Gubler said. “At that time, the United States Surgeon General and many infectious disease experts said the war on infectious disease had been won. We had new antibiotics, new vaccines, new insecticides. But I held on, even though my professor at Hopkins advised me to change fields and study chronic diseases.

After graduating from John Hopkins, Gubler, his wife and their two young boys moved to Calcutta, India at the height of the Cold War. Calcutta was under a Marxist-Maoist government during those years, sometimes making life for the Gublers extremely difficult.

“Going to Kolkata back then was like stepping back 200 years in time,” Gubler said. “The whole area was chaos. It was a real culture shock for us. About every six months we left Calcutta and went to Bangkok or Singapore to find some semblance of civilization.

Duane Gubler, 18, rides a horse at his family ranch, Pine Valley, Utah, undated photo | Photo courtesy of Duane Gubler, St. George News

The Gubler family still had at least a week’s supply of food and water for the regular government strikes in the city that would cut off public electricity.

On one occasion, Gubler said, he and his wife attended a wedding ceremony of a U.S. Navy man and a young local woman, and more than 100,000 local men surrounded the block in anger. and held the congregation captive for six hours.

Gubler’s main study focus in Calcutta was a disease called elephantiasis, usually caused by a blood parasite that passed through the mosquito, causing lymph to accumulate in the human body to enormous and painful proportions. He has worked in laboratories, clinical studies and in the field in many poor communities, conducting research and providing aid.

“The paper that I wrote from those studies was actually used at Harvard for many years as a case study for students studying tropical diseases, epidemiology,” Gubler said. “That’s really what launched me in my career.”

While in Calcutta, Bobbie Gubler joined a women’s organization where she met and worked alongside Mother Teresa to package medicine for Indian citizens in need.

The Gubler family returned to Hawaii in 1971 and helped build the Oahu School of Medicine. Dengue fever was reintroduced to the Pacific region around this time, reemerging from its height during World War II. Gubler was the first to fight dengue fever, moving from parasitology to virology, although he was already very familiar with the pathogens spread by mosquitoes.

“I spent most of the first half of the 1970s traveling all over the islands of the South Pacific and the West Pacific, studying the epidemic,” he said. “We have developed new methods in Hawaii to isolate dengue virus from human material. It took me to Indonesia, where dengue fever was an emerging problem, killing many children. I wanted to put the new methods into practice in Indonesia.

Again, the Gublers moved their family to a new land, Indonesia, where they spent the next five years. After that, the family moved to Illinois, Puerto Rico, Colorado and Hawaii, following Gubler’s college career-building programs and working with the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, known as the CDC.

Young Duane Gubler studies a parasite under a microscope, undated photo | Photo courtesy of Duane Gubler, St. George News

Gubler still traveled frequently to Asia, consulting with colleagues in Indonesia and neighboring countries. In 2000, Singapore began inviting top medical universities to the country to help establish a biotechnology and biomedical research center in Singapore.

“Hopkins went there, and they didn’t last long,” Gubler said. “Oxford came in. They didn’t last long. But Duke University was contracted to build a new medical school that would train medical scientists.

Duke contacted Gubler, and after careful consideration, he and his wife left their home in Hawaii and moved to Singapore to build a world-class medical facility in 2007. Gubler led the Emerging Infectious Diseases program at the faculty of Medicine from Duke in Singapore. , which has been instrumental in the study and development of a COVID-19 vaccine, Gubler said.

Gubler expressed his deep love and admiration for Singapore.

“Singapore today is not just a first world country, but one of the wealthiest countries in the world,” he said. “It’s probably the strongest economically (country) in the world, and probably the most beautiful city you’ll go to. It’s the safest and most technologically advanced city in the world – an amazing place.

A prolific academic writer and researcher, Gubler has published over 400 peer-reviewed scientific articles, as well as three published books on dengue fever. Among his accolades, Gubler received an honorary doctorate from Southern Utah University, a Rotary International Service Above Self Award, and recognition for helping with the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Copyright St.George News, SaintGeorgeUtah.com LLC, 2022, all rights reserved.

Maintaining an inclusive, rules-based multilateral system is ‘the only way forward’, says Vivian Balakrishnan



Dr Balakrishnan also said it was essential to build a more robust global health architecture to protect future generations.

“After COVID-19, there will be other pandemics and other major health emergencies. In my opinion, in fact, COVID-19 was maybe a dress rehearsal for a worse pandemic to come,” a- he declared.

“We need to be better prepared to predict, prevent, detect, assess and respond to pandemics in a coordinated and effective manner.

“We have a collective responsibility to rectify the long-standing underinvestment in pandemic preparedness, among other global public goods.”


The minister also stressed the need for an open and inclusive global framework to harness the opportunities of the digital revolution while addressing its challenges.

“Digital transformation does not take place in a vacuum. It must be navigated in the context of intersecting issues – geopolitical tensions, technological bifurcation, cybersecurity threats and the digital divide,” he said.

“The world has made significant progress in developing on the basis of a single, shared technology stack. Interconnectivity, interoperability has brought us closer together, reduced costs, spurred innovation and competition and cross-fertilization of ideas.

“But if we fracture our world and our tech stack, all of that good work and speed of progress and innovation will be significantly slowed.

“A zero-sum, one-size-fits-all, bifurcated approach benefits no one. An erosion of trust and an atmosphere of confrontation will only multiply cyber threats and malicious cyber activity,” he added.

Dr Balakrishnan reiterated Singapore’s full support for the UN Secretary-General’s proposal for a global digital compact, adding that all states should benefit from the digital revolution and not be left behind.


Speaking to reporters after his speech, Dr Balakrishnan said the mood at this year’s UNGA was “somewhat gloomy” as it took place during a time of anxiety, particularly over relations between states. USA and China.

He said recent rhetoric and actions in the Taiwan Strait were “seriously concerning”, but he was hopeful given the meeting between US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and the Chinese minister. of Foreign Affairs Wang Yi in New York.

“I think both sides understand the seriousness of the situation. We can only hope that a cool head and common sense will prevail, and that they avoid the possibility of accidents, miscalculations, accidents or worse, to enter an escalating spiral.”

Dr Balakrishnan said the next two to three months would be “vital” to de-escalate the situation, and expressed hope that US President Joe Biden and Chinese President Xi Jinping could meet on the sidelines of upcoming summits and come to terms. a Vivendi mod.

A modus vivendi refers to an arrangement or agreement that allows disputing parties to coexist peacefully, either indefinitely or until a final settlement is reached.

Addressing the situation in Myanmar, the minister said he was “pessimistic”, citing reports of continued violence and political detentions.

“Our view remains that the only way out of this quagmire is political reconciliation, as well as discussions and negotiations in good faith between all parties,” he said, adding that this must involve both the former Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi and military leader Min Aung Hlaing.

U Health receives $28 million grant for HIV research – The Daily Utah Chronicle


A research center run by the University of Utah Health that studies the inner workings and vulnerabilities of HIV, the human immunodeficiency virus that causes AIDS, recently received $28 million from the National Institutes of Health.

The CHEETAH Center for Structural Biology of HIV Infection Restriction and Viral Dynamics has been researching HIV and its potential treatments since its inception in 2007, publishing over 300 research papers.

Wes Sundquist, director of CHEETAH and chairman of the department of biochemistry at the U, said the goal of their research is to understand the mechanisms of HIV in molecular detail and learn more about how to target the virus.

“Viruses can teach us a lot about cell biology,” Sundquist said. “They have been moving through our bodies for a long time. They’ve discovered which pathways work well for them, but also which ones become drug targets, especially if we understand them at the molecular level.

Mark Ladinsky, an electron microscopy scientist at CalTech and a scientist at CHEETAH, said much of his research revolves around studying the interactions of infected HIV cells and identifying which cells are most susceptible to HIV infection. ‘infection.

“I’m looking to see where the virus is, what cells it associates with in these different tissues, how infected cells interact with each other, and how those cells transmit the virus and where they go from there,” said Ladinski.

According to Ladinsky, research at CHEETAH also includes studying the pathways that HIV takes in cells, which could help create more effective treatments for the virus.

“We can see that there is not just one way the virus can spread in these cells, but multiple ways, which means there are possibly multiple ways we can try to block or to inhibit the budding and replication of the virus,” says Ladinski.

Sundquist said another big area of ​​study at CHEETAH involves the HIV capsid protein, which is the shell around the genetic material of the HIV virus. This examination of the capsid, Sundquist said, led to the development of an effective treatment for HIV by Gilead Sciences.

“It lasts for months in patients, and it gives the possibility of treating people quarterly instead of daily, which has quite important implications for drug resistance and adherence and in a way also the ease of being treated as an HIV-positive patient,” Sundquist said. .

While CHEETAH’s HIV research has helped scientists better understand the virus, the goal, Sundquist said, is to find a cure.

“In the future, the focus is more on how to cure someone of HIV and also how to develop a vaccine that would prevent transmission?” Sundquist said. “These two problems are not solved. We’re trying to pivot to understand basic research that would help us think about how to… do these things.

HIV testing at the U

In addition to researching the virus, the Center for Student Wellness offers free STI and HIV testing for all students throughout the fall and spring semesters, said TeMerae Blackwater, a health educator at U.

“For HIV testing, we do a rapid test with the oral clinic,” Blackwater said. “We just swab the mouth and the students can get the results in 20 minutes. We [also] test for gonorrhea and chlamydia through urine samples.

According to Blackwater, this test is not fully confirmatory, so those who test positive for HIV will have a blood test to confirm the presence of the virus.

“If someone has a positive reactive test, we pay for a confirmation blood draw with them at Student Health Center,” Blackwater said.

The approach taken at the Center for Student Wellness is gentle and understanding, Blackwater said, with the goal of educating people and normalizing conversations about STIs.

“Everyone is going to get an STI throughout their life,” Blackwater said. “We normalize the conversation about sex. We just make the language gender neutral. We don’t blame behavior. We see people as humans.

HIV and STI testing clinics will be held several times this semester at the Center for Student Wellness and the Women’s Resource Center. More details can be found on the Center for Student Wellness website.

[email protected]


Marshall Microbiology Laboratory Acquires Motic Microscopes | New


NASA HEOMD: TRISH Diversity Initiative Project Mentor / Mentee Opportunity


Press release


September 23, 2022

The Boosting Spaceflight Underrepresented Research Equality (B-Sure) project is in partnership with the Translational Research Institute for Space Health (TRISH) and is part of its goal to improve diversity in space health research. Everyone has a role to play in improving diversity in our community.

Mentoring request

B-Sure is looking for mentors experienced in space biomedical research. Mentors will support this one-year program designed to increase the number of underrepresented researchers conducting space health research, engage with the broader space health community, and participate in one (or more!) of the following activities :

  • Individual mentoring of B-SURE mentees (i.e. professors and postdocs) with similar research interests
  • 3-day workshop with support from TRISH and NASA to educate mentees on space health priorities and grant mechanisms
  • Grant Review Mockup Panels
  • Social activities with mentees at conferences related to space health (e.g. ASGSR, HRP IWS)

To serve as a mentor, please complete this short request.

Mentee Application

B-Sure has extended the deadline for those wishing to apply to become a mentee. Eligibility includes junior or seasoned faculty and postdoctoral fellows who wish to apply for space health research grants. Participants will commit to:

  • Attend the Foundations of Funding Workshop October 17-19, 2022 in Orlando, Florida
  • Individual mentorship by an established researcher within the space health community
  • Funding to attend a national conference on space research

To apply, please complete this short request. The deadline is September 30, 2022.

If you have any questions, please email: bsurehealthinspace@gmail.com

Co-founder of SpaceRef, member of the Explorers Club, ex-NASA, external teams, journalist, space and astrobiology, deceased climber.

CLS Americas and Focalyx Present Integrated Fusion-Guided Focal Laser Ablation Solution at … | New


LOS ANGELES, Sept. 23, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — CLS Americasa subsidiary of Clinical Laserthermia Systems AB, and Focalyx Technologiesdeveloper of image-guided fusion target devices, today announced that the companies will exhibit and demonstrate their TRANBERG™ Heat Therapy System for focal laser ablation and Focalyx® Fusion medical device at FOCAL 2022 Conference will be held September 22-24, 2022 in Los Angeles. The theme of the conference is, Frontiers of prostate cancer care and local ablative therapy.

The TRANBERG™ System is designed to work with multiple MR/US fusion image guidance systems for accurate and precise tumor ablation in a minimally invasive ambulatory setting. Compared to other focal therapies, focal laser ablation therapy has demonstrated higher levels of precision and accuracy with a lower risk of side effects, such as erectile dysfunction and urinary incontinence.

“CLS Americas is excited to introduce its new desktop-based fusion-guided focal laser ablation solution to FOCAL 2022 attendees in collaboration with Focalyx Technologies and the Urology Research Network,” said Michael Magnani, President of CLS Americas. . “The treatment process and workflow is very similar to the workflow for fusion-guided transperineal prostate biopsies and cryoablations. This reduces the learning curve for urologists already familiar with these procedures.

In the United States, more than one million prostate biopsies are performed each year, leading to the diagnosis of prostate cancer in nearly 250,000 men. These patients are asking for emerging therapies as alternatives to standard treatments that have shown harmful long-term side effects.

“Some current treatment options for prostate cancer tumors expose patients to unacceptable complication rates for erectile dysfunction or urinary incontinence,” said Dr. Fernando J. Bianco, chief investigator of the Urologic Research Network . “Based on my clinical trial experience with CLS’s TRANBERG laser, I believe that focal laser ablation by partial gland fusion provides the precision needed to successfully treat cancerous lesions while providing patients with a profile higher side effects.

Lunch Presentation CLS Americas & Focalyx Technology

Dr. Fernando J. Bianco, chief researcher for the Urology Research Networka Florida-based nonprofit clinical research organization, will talk about their experience conducting their ongoing Phase I clinical study of 20 patients using the TRANBERG and Focalyx systems titled, “Targeted MRI/US fusion transperineal laser ablation of low-to-intermediate risk prostate cancer.”

Dr. Fernando Bianco is widely recognized as a pioneer of in-office fusion targeted therapies under local anesthesia and respected throughout the international medical community as an innovative urological oncologist. He started his full MRI/US program, Transperineal Fusion in 2013 and has since performed over 2,500 biopsies and 1,000 fusion targeted cryoablations in one office.

History and Experience of CLS – Image Guided Focal Laser Ablation of Prostate Tumors

CLS’s TRANBERG™ Thermal Therapy System has been used in hundreds of tumor laser ablation procedures in patients with localized prostate cancer in the US and EU using an MRI-guided procedure in the borehole. The safety and diagnostic accuracy of transperineal prostate biopsy guided by MRI/US fusion being well documented, this procedure and this technology in the outpatient setting are experiencing strong worldwide adoption. CLS takes its experience in intramuscular MRI and applies it to MRI/US, fusion-guided transperineal procedures and technology to perform focal laser ablation of prostate tumors with the TRANBERG® thermal therapy. CLS helps reduce the “focal therapy learning curve” to provide more patients with the added benefit of a safe, fast, and precise tumor ablation procedure.

High precision heat therapy system

The TRANBERG™ Thermal Therapy System was developed for image-guided, high-precision thermal therapy and soft tissue ablation procedures. The system can be configured for MR or MR/US fusion guided procedures utilizing tissue temperature feedback for precise therapy and ablation control. It includes a mobile desktop laser unit, innovative uncooled laser applicators, external tissue temperature probe sensors, and procedure-specific accessories. The TRANBERG System can be deployed in a transperineal or transrectal approach. Its uncooled fiber laser technology optimizes heat distribution, eliminates the need for external cooling, and helps reduce procedure times.

Focalyx® Fusion

Focalyx®Fusion is an innovative image fusion medical device. It originated from the Computational Biology program at the University College of London and was developed by Focalyx® Technologies, a Miami-based medical device manufacturing company. The Focalyx® Fusion allows the integration of an MRI diagnosis and a treatment plan from magnetic resonance imaging with real-time ultrasound. The contour of the prostate is introduced, and the two silhouettes are superimposed. The result is a very precise 3D image of the patient’s gland, in which it is possible to locate suspicious lesions with great precision using a GPS-like system. The diagnosed lesion is then safely ablated while preserving the prostate without compromising sexual and urinary functions. Thus, patients can maintain their quality of life.

About CLS and the TRANBERG® product portfolio

Clinical Laserthermia Systems AB (publ) develops and sells the TRANBERG® thermal therapy systems, including the ThermoguideTM workstation and sterile disposable items, for the minimally invasive treatment of cancerous tumors and drug-resistant epilepsy, in accordance regulatory approvals in the EU and the US. All components of TRANBERG® Thermal Therapy Systems have received EU-wide regulatory approval as medical devices (CE Marked Class II) for the treatment of soft tissue injuries. CLS is developing its systems to achieve Class III CE Marking for TRANBERG Disposable Laser Applicators for use in the brain, as well as extending the current CE Marking for treatment with imILT®, the company’s interstitial laser thermotherapy for ablation immunostimulatory with potential abscopal treatment effect. CLS is headquartered in Lund and has subsidiaries in Germany, the United States and Singapore. CLS is listed on the Nasdaq First North Growth Market under the symbol CLS B. The Certified Advisor (CA) is FNCA Sweden AB, tel. : +46 8 528 00 399. Email: info@fnca.se.

For more information about CLS, please visit the company’s website for the US market:www.clinicallaser.com.

Corporate Contact: CLS Americas: Michael Magnani, President T: +1 (949) 504-5440 E: michael.magnani@clinicallaser.com Media Contact: CLS Americas TopSpin Communications Joe Waldygo, President T: +1 (480)363-8774 E: joe@topspinpr.com

Towards a peaceful coexistence


Today there is only a little trash on the hillside, and it is old, the cans are rusty and the paper faded. Peterson asks the station manager if he’s seen any bears and the man says no. The station now has two large bins with metal doors that lock with bear-proof carabiners.

“It’s a simple solution, isn’t it? Peterson said and laughed, because it wasn’t. A worker used to put up a weak three-strand electric fence every evening. The bears put him aside. Originally, trash can doors were made of plastic. “When they first installed the metal doors, they were covered in footprints. The bears were crazy.

Tonight, on each of the three doors of a trash can is a single muddy footprint. Attracted by the smell of garbage, a lone bear passed by here. But the bear could not enter. Instead of getting used to eating at the transfer station, he went looking elsewhere.

“Remove the food source, remove the problem,” says Peterson.

This is what coexistence looks like. It does not require hunting. “Shooting a random bear in the woods isn’t going to stop the human-bear conflict,” says Hagio. Instead, it requires people to take responsibility. It’s a matter of human adaptation. And the bears stay alive.

Advice for living together

Here’s how people can keep bears and themselves safe: by removing human food that attracts bears, discouraging bears from approaching people, and avoiding chance encounters with bears.

Waste and recyclable materials: Store in locked bear-proof trash cans or in a locked garage or shed. Freeze leftover meat or fish until garbage collection day.

fish iconCompost: Store in bear proof containers or secure with an electric fence.

bee iconPoultry houses and beehives: Protect with an electric fence.

pets iconPets: Feed pets indoors and store their food indoors.

grill iconGrills: Clean well after each use.

fruit iconFruit trees: Quickly harvest ripe fruit.

bird iconBird feeders: Feed birds only in winter when natural food is scarce (and bears are hibernating).

house iconHouses and garages: Keep doors and windows closed and locked or locked in place with an opening too small for bears. Do not vent cooking odors outside.

Noise iconVisiting bears: Hunt black bears by shouting or throwing sticks, rocks or tennis balls.

tent iconCamping: Store food in bear-proof containers or hang it out of reach. Dispose of trash in bear-resistant trash cans. Clean grills and tables.

Hiking iconTrek: Bring bear spray, hike with a buddy, and make some noise as you go. Leave the dogs on a leash or, better yet, leave them at home.

The DNR will be offering a wild turkey forum next week in Marquette


The Wildlife Through Forestry series of special events continues

The Michigan Department of Natural Resources will continue its popular series of special wildlife events across forestry next week with a turkey forum featured in Marquette Township.

“Wild turkeys have long been established in the southern parts of the Upper Peninsula, but have expanded their range northward in increasing numbers in recent years,” said Gary Willis, an MNR Forestry Service in Baraga. and organizer of the popular wildlife forum series. “People see wild turkeys in remote places, even in areas with heavy snow like those in Keweenaw County, the northernmost county in the region. Our next forum will discuss this expansion and answer many questions often asked by the public.

The forum will be held from 6-9 p.m. EDT Thursday, September 29 at Marquette City Hall, located at 1000 Commerce Drive. The event will also be streamed live via Zoom.

The forum will feature three wildlife biologists: Pam Nankervis, Habitat Biologist for the Ottawa National Forest of the US Forest Service, Jim Hammill, Wildlife Biology Consultant and Safari Club International Biologist, and Ryan McGillviray, MNR wildlife biologist and wild turkey specialist.

Together, during the first half of the event, biologists will look at the adaptive traits and environmental factors that make this wild turkey range expansion possible. What are the factors behind this northward migration? How do wild turkeys survive in deep snow?

During the second half of the forum, McGillviray will talk about turkey hunting techniques based on his many years of traveling across the country in pursuit of turkeys. He will demonstrate the arrangement of the lures and the techniques of calling, while answering questions from those present.

Prizes will be awarded for the first correct answer to the background questions.

“This event is the latest in a fascinating series of ‘Wildlife Through Forestry’ forums that have been held in the western Upper Peninsula since 2017,” said John Pepin, MNR Assistant Public Information Officer. “These sessions connect wildlife topics to the many ways bird and wildlife habitat can be developed and enhanced for a range of species on private land. »

Each of these sessions included a presentation on an interesting and important wildlife-related topic, with additional information provided to private landowners on the value of a forest management plan.

Jim Hammill is pictured at an Upper Peninsula Habitat Working Group meeting in Ishpeming.

“We want people to get excited about sound resource management so that they establish a family legacy with their forest ownership,” Willis said. “We want to show people the importance of working closely with a resource professional to achieve their property goals and objectives. We also want people to have a good time by coming together to discuss topics that interest us all.

A group of resource professionals will be present at the forum to discuss the development, preparation and implementation of forest stewardship plans.

More than 150 professional foresters and 20 wildlife biologists develop forest stewardship plans for Michigan forest owners.

For more information on these plans or the Commercial Forestry Program, contact Gary Willis, DNR Service Forester, 427 US 41 North, Baraga, Michigan, 49908; 906-353-6651, ext. 207-0122 or willisg2@michigan.gov.

Conservation Districts in many Michigan counties have foresters available for free viewing of private landowner properties. They can discuss landowners’ wildlife habitat and forestry goals and help decide if there are any financial assistance programs that can provide cost sharing for the preparation and implementation of the resource management plan. .

In Marquette and Algiers counties, contact Forester Sara Kelso at 906-236-9484 or call the Marquette County Conservation District Office at 906-226-8871, ext. 3071.

Note to editors: Accompanying photos are available below for download. Caption information follows. Credit: Michigan Department of Natural Resources, unless otherwise noted.

Hammill: Jim Hammill, Consultant Wildlife Biologist and Safari Club International Biologist, is pictured during a meeting of the Upper Peninsula Habitat Working Group.

McGillviray: Ryan McGillviray, Michigan Department of Natural Resources wildlife biologist and wild turkey specialist, is pictured with a wild turkey he has harvested.

Nankervis: Pam Nankervis, habitat biologist for the US Forest Service’s Ottawa National Forest, is pictured with a turtle. (Photo courtesy of Pam Nankervis)

🌱 Oceanside Farmer of the Year + Reduced North River Farms


Hello, Oceanside-Camp Pendleton. I’m here in your inbox as usual to tell you everything you need to know about what’s happening around town, including news on…

  • North River Farms will be the region’s first all-electric community.
  • Oceanside Museum of Art 25 Years of ‘Legacy’ exhibit.
  • Vista man gets nearly five years for Covid unemployment fraud.

But first, today’s weather:

Areas of low cloud, then sun. High: 79 Low: 61.

📢 I am looking for business owners and marketers in Oceanside-Camp Pendleton who want to get noticed, connect with customers and increase sales.

I have a limited number of sponsorships available to introduce our Oceanside-Camp Pendleton Daily readers to local businesses they need to know about. If this is you, then I urge you to learn more and secure your place now.

Here are today’s top stories at Oceanside-Camp Pendleton:

  1. Proposed North River Farms development in South Morro Hills has been reduced to 395 homes from the 585 homes approved by Oceanside City Council in 2019, as part of a settlement announced this week. The agreement also requires the developer to provide up to $200,000 to complete fire and evacuation safety upgrades and the project will be built as one of the first all-electric communities in the region, with enough solar panels to meet all his needs. The agreement also extends the required environmental mitigation for greenhouse gases produced to 50 years instead of the 30 years originally proposed. (San Diego-Union-Tribune)
  2. Congratulations to Oceanside Farmer Neil Nagata for recently being named Farmer of the Year by the San Diego County Farm Bureau (SDFCB). Nagata is a third-generation farmer and a leading advocate for agriculture for producers and farm workers. He is President of Nagata Bros Farms, with over 30 years of experience in the production and research of fresh/hydroponic fruit, vegetable and strawberry substrates. He also grows blueberries, blackberries and cherimoya. In addition to his growing experience, Nagata is an expert in many aspects of agriculture and biological sciences, including field and commercial research and production. (Coast News)
  3. The Oceanside Museum of Art is highlighting the past 25 years with a “Legacy” exhibit. “Legacy: 25 Years of Art and Community” is a survey of artworks from the museum’s past exhibitions, divided into two exhibitions: “The Early Years”, currently on display and spanning from 1997 to 2011, and “The Recent Years” from 2012 to 2021, which opens on October 1. Of more than 300 museum exhibits, the “Legacy” exhibit features pieces from 71 exhibits with more than 112 artists. (Coast News)
  4. A Vista man was sentenced to nearly five years in federal prison after pleading guilty to collecting more than $300,000 in unemployment benefits aimed at those who had lost their jobs during the COVID-19 pandemic. Darris Cotton, 30, submitted at least 16 bogus claims for benefits using other people’s names, dates of birth and Social Security numbers, according to the U.S. Attorney’s Office. The U.S. Attorney’s Office says Cotton also submitted fraudulent claims in Pennsylvania, Maryland and Arizona and used the stolen funds he received to purchase “luxury items such as Gucci backpacks.” (Patch)

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Today at Oceanside-Camp Pendleton:

  • Girls V Tennis vs. Vista @ Away – Oceanside High (4:00 p.m.)
  • VB vs. Vista Girls – Mission Vista High (4:30 p.m.)
  • Girls Frosh/Soph, JV & V Volleyball @ Away (4:30 p.m.)
  • Taste of Art: Animals in Art (6:00 p.m.)
  • Drama 3/4 Showcase – Mission Vista High (7:00 p.m.)
  • Mysteries and Stories New Stories (7:30 p.m.)

From my notebook:

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Harbor Paddleboarders: photo of the day by the ocean

Thanks to Eric Willyard for today’s photo. Patch loves pictures! Share your photos with Patch and your work could be featured too.


  • Craft Beer Trivia Night & Karoake (as seen on TV) at Boiling Brew Works (September 22)
  • Nerd Comedy Night (September 23)
  • Create your own free cyanotype for World Cyanotype Day at the Oak Gallery! (September 24)
  • Totally 80s New Wave Live Music Cover Band at Boiling Brew Works & Live Music (September 24)
  • Stand Up Comedy @ The Merc with STEVEN BRIGGS! (September 24)
  • Breast ultrasound screening comes directly to you! (September 27)
  • Murder Mystery Weekend (October 14)
  • Stonehouse 3rd Annual Rooted in Nature Craft Brew Festival (October 15)
  • Add your event

Concerts and Services:

Jobs :

You’re all caught up for today! See you tomorrow morning for another update.

Lisa Frost

About me: I’m the community editor for the Oceanside-Camp Pendleton patch and love sharing all things Oceanside. It’s a privilege to help locals and those who visit our amazing and diverse city stay informed about the local news, people and stories that shape our community. Explore all that Patch has to offer Oceansider:

Questions? Concerns? Comments? You have my full attention at lisa.frost@patch.com.

Got a news tip or suggestion for an upcoming Oceanside-Camp Pendleton Daily? Contact me at lisa.frost@patch.com

The Broad Institute expands in Kendall Square and leases an additional 225,000 square foot lab and office building for advanced biomedical research


Conceptual rendering of 300 Binney Street., Cambridge, after renovation. Courtesy of HGA and BXP. This design has not been approved and is subject to change.

By Broad Communications

Addition of six-story facility will increase Broad’s footprint in Kendall to nearly one million square feet, dramatically increasing lab space for science innovation

Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard plans to expand further Kendall Square through the long-term lease of a 225,000 square foot facility to 300 Binney Street in Cambridge. Broad and BXP (NYSE: BXP) plan to convert the existing building into a state-of-the-art LEED Gold biomedical research facility, pending review and approval by relevant agencies.

When completed in early 2025, the building will strengthen Broad’s presence in the world-renowned innovation district of Kendall Square to nearly one million square feet of laboratory and office space, enabling Broad to support the continued growth of its faculty laboratories, research programs and technology platforms led by professional scientists.

?’Over nearly two decades, Broad institute has been a space that brings together the most creative scientists of this generation to collaborate and spark new ideas that drive discovery. With this additional space, our scientists will have the ability to take advantage of bold new opportunities and continue to work with our hospital and academic partners to transform human health,” said Todd Golubdirector of the Broad institute and a founding member of the main institute. ‘Along with our facilities in the Merkin and Stanley buildings in Kendall Squarethis next-generation science facility will deepen Broad’s commitment to understanding and treating disease.

According to Golub, Broad’s expansion to 300 Binney Street is part of a long-term facilities plan designed to anticipate future scientific directions and to ensure that Broad has the opportunity to “keep the science up”, as our understanding of disease biology leads to new therapies.

The broad institute brings together a community of researchers from many disciplines and partner institutions, namely MIT, Harvard Universityand Harvard-affiliated hospitals. Broad’s origins are rooted in genomics, and biomedical research has evolved since 2004, as has the Broad community. Today, the Broad employs more than 2,000 scientists and administrative staff, with more than 3,000 scientists deeply committed to the Broad institute through partner institutions.

Broad’s campus currently spans four main buildings in Kendall Square:

The Richard N. Merkin Building (415 Main Street)

The Ted and Vada Stanley Building (75 Ames Street)

The genomics platform at 320 Charles Street – A facility that houses one of the largest and most advanced genome sequencing centers in the world. Broad is building a sequencing center in Burlington (Massachusetts)to replace this building in 2024.

Broad also leases office space to 105 Broadway for some research, software development and administration teams.

As Broad begins work on 300 Binney Streetit also completes a separate construction project: the launch of the public road Wide Discovery Center on the ground floor of Merkin Building at 415 Main Street. Opening in October 2022, the Discovery Center will be an active public educational space showcasing how researchers in Kendall Square and around the world seek to understand and treat human disease.


Merkin Building

415 Main Street

Cambridge, MA 02142

T.: (617) 714-7000


Shirley Pomponi’s research focuses on sustainable methods of producing sponge-derived chemicals with beneficial effects on human health. CONTRIBUTED

Join the Diving History Museum on Wednesday September 21 at 7 p.m. for an “Immersion!” conference entitled “Drugs from Sponges” presented by Professor Shirley Pomponi.

Pomponi is a research professor at the Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute-Florida Atlantic University. She earned a PhD in Biological Oceanography from the University of Miami, Rosentiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science. An ocean explorer and marine biotechnologist, Pomponi’s research focuses on marine sponges and, in particular, the development of sustainable methods for the production of sponge-derived chemicals with human health benefits.

The museum will host the presentation onsite with limited space in the Bauer Diving History Research Library, as well as a private Zoom meeting. If you are interested in attending in person, email the Community Outreach Team at [email protected] or call the museum at 305-664-9737.
To register for the Zoom meeting, visit DivingMuseum.org. Places will be limited; participants must register in advance. HDM will stop taking reservations at noon on Tuesday, September 20 or when all slots have been taken. For those unable to attend in person or virtually, the session will be recorded and posted on HDM’s YouTube channel. Sponsors are HDM members David and Patti Gross, and Culture Builds Florida.

Tuskegee University Named HBCU Institutional Leader by Fulbright Program


September 19, 2022

Contact: Thonnia Lee, Office of Communications, Public Relations and Marketing

TUSKEGEE, Alabama – Tuskegee University has been named a Fulbright Historically Black College and University (HBCU) Institutional Leader for 2022.

For the third consecutive year, the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA) recognizes the strong engagement of select HBCUs with the Fulbright Program, the U.S. government’s flagship international scholar exchange program. Fulbright HBCU institutional leaders demonstrated outstanding support for Fulbright exchange participants during the 2020-2021 and 2021-2022 academic years and promoted Fulbright program opportunities on campus. Tuskegee University is new to the list this year.

The announcement of the 19 Fulbright HBCU Institutional Leaders was made by the Department of State as HBCU leaders prepare to meet in Washington, D.C., and virtually for the White House initiative on HBCU’s Weekly National Conference, and opportunities Fulbright will be highlighted at events such as the Career and Recruitment Fair during this week.

Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs Lee Satterfield congratulated HBCUs for receiving the Fulbright HBCU Institutional Leader designation this year, noting that “HBCUs are an important part of the U.S. and global education communities. higher education, providing life-changing exchange opportunities for American and international students, faculty, and administrators. I hope the success of these institutions will encourage all HBCUs to engage more with Fulbright and with the Department of State.

“It’s an exceptional mark of distinction,” said President Charlotte P. Morris. “We have always known the caliber of students and faculty whose vigorous academic work influences our society in a variety of fields. This recognition will help our students and the wider community see the tremendous value our university brings.

On November 3, a virtual Fulbright HBCU workshop will feature representatives from Fulbright HBCU institutional leaders sharing best practices for HBCUs to leverage the Fulbright Program’s commitment to supporting students and faculty, increasing the internationalization of the campus and create global networks. This event is open to the public and is specifically designed for HBCU faculty, staff and stakeholders.

“Our goals of academic excellence set out in our strategic plan are once again confirmed by this recognition,” said Provost Dr. S. Keith Hargrove. “We provide academic tools for scholars and researchers to develop and contribute their best work. Supporting this type of academic excellence confirms our commitment to remaining an HBCU that attracts and maintains a strong community of global scholars.

The Fulbright Program is the US government’s flagship international academic exchange program. Since its inception over 75 years ago, the Fulbright Program has given more than 400,000 talented and accomplished students, scholars, teachers, artists and professionals from all walks of life and fields the opportunity to study, teach and lead research abroad, exchange ideas and contribute. find solutions to important international problems.

Each year, the United States Congress allocates funds to the United States Department of State to sponsor the Fulbright program. Many foreign governments also contribute substantially. Additional funding and in-kind funding is provided by U.S. and foreign host institutions, nongovernmental organizations, private organizations, corporate partnerships, and individual donors.

“Over the years we have had Fulbright scholars and students representing Tuskegee around the world,” said Dr. Rhonda Collier, Director of TU’s Global Office, Fulbright Faculty Liaison and Fulbright Program Advisor. “I am so proud of the work we do to support their studies and research.

  • Miriam Hammond (Fulbright ’17), was an English teaching assistant in Ruwanda and earned a graduate degree in education from Harvard.
  • Dr. David McKenzie (Fulbright ’22) was a Fulbright Scholar at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) School of Veterinary Medicine in Ghana. He came back with a signed memorandum of understanding and two researchers.
  • Drs. Aliyu Muhammad and Omotosho Omolola are two Nigerian Fulbright scholars sponsored by the Carver Center for Biomedical Research, directed by Dr. Clayton Yates.
  • In 2020, Dr Bababode Adelani, also from Nigeria, conducted his Fulbright research with Dr Yates.

For many years, the Fulbright Program has designed and implemented a wide range of initiatives to increase the diversity and inclusion of participants. The program strives to ensure that its participants reflect the diversity of American society and societies abroad. Fulbrighters come from all walks of life and are selected through an open, merit-based competition, regardless of race, color, national origin, gender, age, religion, geographic location, their socio-economic status, disability, sexual orientation or gender identity. Information on the Fulbright Program Diversity and Inclusion Initiatives is detailed on the Fulbright US Student Program website.

For more information on the Fulbright program, visit http://eca.state.gov/fulbright or contact the Office of Educational and Cultural Affairs press office by emailing ECA-Press@state.gov.

Stories of the positive impact of the Fulbright program over its first 75 years can be found at: https://fulbright75.org

Follow the social media accounts and Fulbright Program websites for highlights on HBCUs and Fulbright:

© 2022 Tuskegee University

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UNCW Interdepartmental Research Team Receives Nearly $1 Million Federal Sponge Research Grant


Monday, September 19, 2022

Off the coast of Belize is a small island the size of a postage stamp called Carrie Bow Cay. There, the Smithsonian Institution’s Coral Reef Ecosystems Program provides opportunities for UNCW students and teachers to further their cutting-edge research on sea sponges and how they affect the overall health of coral reefs.

An interdepartmental team of seven people representing UNCW Marine Science Center and the departments of Biology and marine biology; Chemistry and Biochemistry; and Earth and Ocean Sciences will undertake an expedition next spring to collect samples of sponges and water from the Mesoamerican Caribbean Barrier Reef next to Carrie Bow Cay.

The research, federally funded through a new nearly $1 million National Science Foundation grant, is at the forefront of exploring coral reef ecology. UNCW scientists want to learn more about the effects sea sponges have on their environment as they deal with the large volumes of seawater they pump every day.

“This work represents cutting-edge research to answer fundamental, yet unknown, questions about the functioning of reef ecosystems, which are critical for biodiversity,” said Dr. Ken Halanych, executive director of the Center for Marine Science at the UNCW. “One of the novel aspects of this grant is that scientists from several different disciplines come together to approach the same problem from several different angles.”

The principal investigator, Dr. Wendy Strangman, assistant professor of chemistry and biochemistry, and her team, Dr. Joe Pawlik, professor emeritus of biology and marine biology; Dr. Winifred Johnson, assistant professor of chemistry and biochemistry; and Dr. Ralph Mead, Professor of Earth and Ocean Sciences; collaborated on the research proposal, “The role of sponges in modifying seawater DOMs on Caribbean reefs.”

“It’s really cutting-edge research,” Dr. Strangman said. “With state-of-the-art computing and technology supported by the university, our UNCW team is at the forefront of research in this area. We are delighted that the NSF has the high standard of science performed at UNCW.

This newly funded research is the next phase of ongoing work by Dr. Strangman, Dr. Pawlik and the rest of the team to learn more about what is going on in the coral reef ecosystem at the most fundamental level.

“We know that sponges invade the reef as coral health declines,” Dr Strangman said. “Caribbean reefs of the future are likely to be dominated by sponges, so we are now trying to understand their impact on nutrition in the seawater around the reefs.”

The team will collect water samples before and after they are treated by the sponges and return the samples to the CMS Laboratories to learn more about the dissolved compounds that sponges absorb and their effects on nutrients and other chemicals in the water column.

Dr. Pawlik compares these dissolved compounds to sugar added to a hot cup of coffee. The sugar dissolves; however, the compound still exists in the liquid and can be taken in as food, measured and analyzed. In previous studies, Dr. Pawlik’s students determined that most of the diet of giant barrel sponges on Caribbean reefs is composed of dissolved compounds, but the identity of these compounds remains largely unknown.

“Any information we can gather about the identity of these compounds will be new information for science,” said Dr Pawlik, one of the world’s foremost sponge ecologists. “Until recently, we didn’t have the techniques to answer these questions.”

The team will also develop an outreach component of the project that will share its marine science knowledge with Wilmington community groups such as UNCW MarineQuest summer programs.

“The investigators of this proposal all recognize the importance of giving back to the community and helping to foster the next generation. So they have partnered with MarineQuest, which has excelled in outreach for over 40 years, to develop exciting new modules to stimulate interest in marine systems and their evolution,” added Dr. Halanych.

Each of the four investigators brings a different set of skills to the project. For example, Dr. Strangman specializes in the isolation and identification of more complex dissolved compounds in the seawater mixture, while Dr. Johnson uses new techniques to quantify simpler compounds that may play the role most important as food for sponges and other members of the reef environment.

Researchers will also study the role of seaweed, or seaweed, on the reef. Algae produce a complex mixture of dissolved compounds, and researchers want to determine the role of sponges in removing these compounds when they pump seawater from reefs.

Previously, Lauren Olinger, Ph.D. student working for five years in both Drs. Strangman and Pawlik’s labs discovered for the first time that sponges can absorb compounds called organohalides, often made by bacteria and algae. Organohalides include the elements chlorine and bromine, and many of these compounds are toxic. The team will continue to rely on Olinger’s Groundbreaking Research to better identify these compounds and their origin.

“I’m excited to see this research expanding to our newest collaborators,” Olinger said. “I’m also looking forward to transitioning from being a student to being part of this team as a mentor for future graduates and post-docs. Few students are part of a team that crosses departments. Moving from chemistry to oceanology and biology is challenging, but also very interesting and insightful.

“The UNCW team’s Caribbean sponge research stands out as a collaborative project led by students and faculty experts across multiple academic disciplines,” said Stuart Borrett, vice provost for research and innovation. “One of the best ways to uncover new knowledge is to approach existing questions from multiple angles. This project will help us better understand our oceans, the systems they contain, and the human impact on these systems.

While on Carrie Bow Cay, the research team will live in breathtaking but primitive conditions – an open-air cabin equipped with 4-inch mattresses on planks, a basic roof and the option of a compost toilet or an outhouse at the end of a small dock. Common sights during their two-week stay will be sea turtles nesting on the beach, fist-sized land hermit crabs that form a living carpet on the sand at night, numerous sharks that regularly clash with divers as they work underwater and unforgettable views. of some of the most pristine reefs in the Caribbean.

“Once back to CMS labs at UNCW, then the real work begins: running samples through our analytical instruments and diving into the data we generate to turn it into information we can use,” said Dr. Strangman.

–Krissy Vick


Dr. Ralph Mead, Dr. Wendy Strangman, Dr. Joseph Pawlik, Lauren Olinger, and Dr. Winifred Johnson are collaborating to learn more about sea sponges with an NSF grant. PHOTO BY: JEFF JANOWSKI/UNCW

PhD student Lauren Olinger (L) works with Dr Wendy Strangman
UNCW Ph.D. student Lauren Olinger (L) is working with Dr. Wendy Strangman to help demonstrate that organic compounds are retained as sponge food, and some of those compounds are organohalides, a class that incorporates the elements chlorine and bromine. PHOTO BY: JEFF JANOWSKI/UNCW

Q&A: House District 46 Candidate Jay Groseclose

House District 46 candidate Jay Groseclose (Courtesy Jay Groseclose)

NAME: Jay Groseclose


OCCUPATION: professional engineer


RELEVANT EXPERIENCE: I have prepared or participated in agency budget requests; reviewed proposed national and state legislation; preparation of legislation proposed by the State; reviewed management or operating plans for federal and state projects for conflicts or omissions; consulted on environmental impacts; water quality standards prepared…

EDUCATION: Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering, New Mexico State University; Graduate Studies, Civil Engineering and Water Resources, University of Kansas

CAMPAIGN WEBSITE: jaygroseclose.com

1. New Mexico relies heavily on the petroleum and natural gas industries to generate revenue to fund state programs, as evidenced by the recent oil boom and bust cycles. What steps should the Legislative Assembly take to diversify the state’s economy and revenue base?

Eliminate the destructive gross revenue tax system and replace it with a more favorable tax system based on collecting tax at the point of consumption. Other options can create a fairer business climate. The gross receipts tax system must follow the path of the dinosaur. Develop destination tourism.

2. During the last ordinary legislative session, efforts were made unsuccessfully to facilitate the retention of certain defendants behind bars until trial. Should New Mexico law be changed to make it easier to hold individuals charged with violent offenses such as murder and first-degree child abuse behind bars until trial?

New Mexico must consider judicial restraints or liability for violations committed as a result of weak judicial release practices. Mandatory sentencing requirements should be enacted/required and judicial discretion limited. Offenders should be imprisoned pending trial for serious serious crimes with meaningful sentencing enhancements for the use of firearms in the commission of a crime.

3. What steps should the Legislature take to address crime and public safety as New Mexico faces one of the highest violent crime rates in the nation?

As noted above, mandatory sentencing requirements should be enacted for murder, torture, kidnapping and other major crimes, including the use of firearms in the commission of a crime. crime. Judicial discretion in sentencing and parole should be limited for certain crimes.

4. Given the recent decision of the United States Supreme Court to overturn Roe v. Wade, do you support or oppose codifying abortion protections into state law? And do you support or oppose the adoption of abortion restrictions in New Mexico?

No, a decision of this magnitude must be taken by the people, not by the people’s elected representatives. The people should retain authority to govern themselves and maintain limited government to enact the will of the people as provided for in the Constitution. Biology unquestionably shows that late abortions are a violation of the right to life and liberty.

5. New Mexico has already implemented several gun control laws in recent years. Would you support or oppose legislation prohibiting or restricting the sale of AR-15 type semi-automatic weapons, such as increasing the age limit for the purchase of such weapons? And what about legislation that criminalizes failing to safely secure firearms around children?

Drugs and alcohol have a far greater impact overlooked by lawmakers. Only 3% of mental health services are provided by the state, resulting in lost opportunities for early intervention in life-threatening circumstances. Many people cannot afford private services. The focus on AR-15s hurts more victims of drug or alcohol addiction. …

6. New Mexico’s state agency responsible for keeping children safe has recently come under scrutiny over transparency issues and its handling of high-profile child abuse cases. What changes would you support to improve the operations of the Child, Youth and Family Service?

I am a professional by trade and will not respond without a thorough background investigation and professional advice. New Mexico is ranked 50th in the nation when it comes to child well-being. It is the Governor’s fault and the Legislature has not acted or begun the work necessary to remedy this horrendous neglect.

7. What changes, if any, should New Mexico make to its gross receipts tax code?

Eliminate it. This is a patently unfair system that does not favor business and the economic security and stability of this state. This system needs to be replaced as other states have done. Since most businesses operate on loans, the borrowed money is used to pay gross receipts.

8. New Mexico is currently the only state that does not pay its legislators a salary, although legislators receive per diems and are eligible for a statutory pension. Do you support or oppose a salaried legislature and, if so, how much should legislators be paid?

No. I approve of the voluntary nature of our Legislature as opposed to professional politicians. The alternative is term limits.

9. What more, if anything, should the legislature do to respond to a court ruling that found that New Mexico does not provide sufficient education for all students, especially Native Americans and those who do not speak English as a first language?

The education of Native Americans was originally a fiduciary responsibility of the federal government. New Mexico should urge reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. New Mexico should approve the Native CLASS Act to provide educational opportunities for Native American children. Non-English speaking children should be educated in English, as most advanced countries do, to provide unlimited opportunities.

10. In recent years, New Mexico has steadily increased spending on early childhood programs, such as home visiting, preschool, and child care assistance, and created a new fund Early Childhood Trust. Do you support or oppose the constitutional amendment proposed in the November ballot that would take more money out of the state’s permanent school fund to increase funding for early childhood services and K-education? 12?

To oppose. Continue to build the fund for the future when natural resource extractions run out to prevent the state from raising taxes unnecessarily. Future costs have not been taken into account by the current administration. Lower state and state government taxes reduce the need for two full-time earners to support a family. …

11. In order to address climate change and air quality issues, do you support or oppose legislation that limits greenhouse gas emissions and requires the state to achieve net zero emissions of here 2050?

No. We need to invest in carbon capture technology as a much more reliable and responsible solution rather than relying on highly polluting Chinese mining and manufacturing, and Chinese sweatshops, child labor and slave labor.

12. Do you think any changes should be made to the emergency powers held by a governor during a pandemic or other time of crisis. If so, do you think these powers should be expanded or reduced and in what specific ways?

Yes. Emergency powers were added to deal with issues such as 9/11. Emergency powers should be limited to constitutional requirements that the legislature appropriates and the administration spends. The usurped dictatorial and draconian powers, as wielded by the governor, are wrong. As specified in the Emergency Powers Act, the legislature must be convened and remain in session for the duration of the emergency. …

13. Would you support a merit-based evaluation system to determine how the state spends its capital expenditure funding?

For state projects such as highways and major infrastructure such as processing plants and pipelines, merit should play a role. Local projects such as centers for the elderly should be based on local priorities.

14. Do you believe former President Donald Trump’s claim that he was the rightful winner of the 2020 presidential election? (Yes or No answer only, please)

The respondent did not limit their answer to yes or no as requested.

15. What changes, if any, would you support to New Mexico’s election laws?

Require voter ID, limit mail-in voting, provide permanent active remote monitoring recordings of ballot boxes, or better yet, remove ballet ballot boxes. Make voting day a holiday. Eliminate extended voting days. Clarify that all forms of voting end on election day. Return to paper ballots and manual counts; remove gear.

Personal history

1. Have you or your business, if you are a business owner, ever been subject to any state or federal tax liens?


2. Have you ever been involved in personal or commercial bankruptcy proceedings?

I was co-accused in my wife’s Chapter 13 bankruptcy under New Mexico Community Property Law. All debts were paid in full on time and the bankruptcy was canceled by the competent court.

3. Have you ever been arrested, charged, or convicted of a DUI, misdemeanor, or felony in New Mexico or any other state? If yes, explain.


More lake sturgeon will settle in the Saginaw Bay watershed after the next release events


MIDLAND, MI – The Central Michigan community is once again invited to witness the reintroduction of a special species of fish to the Saginaw Bay watershed.

Three lake sturgeon reintroduction events will take place on Saturday, September 24. Beginning at 11 a.m., juvenile sturgeon will be released into the Tittabawassee River from the Bob G. Caldwell municipal boat launch in Midland. Another outing will be at noon at Cole Park along the Shiawassee River in Chesaning and at 2:00 p.m. at the Gunzenhausen Walkway along the Cass River in Frankenmuth.

The Saginaw Bay Sturgeon Organization has spearheaded a push in recent years to reintroduce sturgeon to the Saginaw Bay watershed as part of a multi-year, nationwide rehabilitation plan. State aiming to develop self-sustaining sturgeon populations statewide. Since 2017, juvenile lake sturgeon have been released into tributaries of the Saginaw River system every year, according to the organization.

The most recent release was in August 2022 when over 100 sturgeon were released in the same three launches in Saginaw and Midland counties which will be used over the next September.

Over the next two years, sturgeon released as part of this project will receive an acoustic transmitter implant before being released. This transmitter is in addition to the PIT (passive integrated transponder) tag that all hatchery-reared lake sturgeon receive, according to Saginaw Bay Sturgeon. Fixed acoustic receivers have been deployed in the Cass, Flint, Shiawassee and Tittabawassee rivers – along with existing receivers in Saginaw Bay to help researchers track sturgeon as they move through the river system and into the bay of Saginaw.

“With the tracking system, we will have the opportunity to compare these two sources, as well as track fry activity in the different rivers and bays,” said Justin Chiotti, fisheries biologist with the US Fish and Wildlife Service. “While we love hearing recent stories from anglers who have caught and released lake sturgeon, we need fish data to improve restoration efforts.”

As Chiotti mentioned, anglers have caught sturgeon in the past around the Saginaw Bay area and its tributaries. Sturgeons have been caught by ice fishermen especially on the Saginaw River since restoration efforts began.

With more and more sturgeon released, anglers will continue to have the opportunity to catch sturgeon. Anglers who catch a sturgeon are urged to release the fish as soon as possible and report the catch to the Michigan Department of Natural Resources online at https://www2.dnr.state.mi.us /ORS/Survey/ 28

According to Saginaw Bay Sturgeon, the lake sturgeon is a unique Great Lakes species that can grow up to 7 feet long and weigh up to 300 pounds. Slow-maturing fish do not begin to breed until they are 15-20 years old.

Once abundant in many Michigan lakes and rivers, lake sturgeon have been nearly eradicated due to overfishing and habitat loss, particularly the destruction of rocky reefs in rivers that sturgeon and other native fish species use for spawning, according to the organization.

Saginaw Bay Watershed Sturgeon Release Events are supported by various partners including the Town of Frankenmuth, Chippewa Nature Center, Flint River Watershed Coalition, Friends of the Shiawassee River, Department of Natural Resources of Michigan, the Michigan Sea Grant, the Department of Michigan State University. Fisheries and Wildlife, MSU Extension, Saginaw Bay Watershed Initiative Network, Sturgeon for Tomorrow – Black Lake Chapter, The Conservation Fund, US Fish and Wildlife Service, and more.

Learn more about lake sturgeon restoration efforts at the Saginaw Bay Sturgeon website at www.saginawbaysturgeon.org.

Learn more about MLive

New project aims to track sturgeon and walleye in Saginaw Bay with an acoustic receiver system

Azenta, Inc. (NASDAQ:AZTA) Sees Significant Short-Term Interest Growth


Azenta, Inc. (NASDAQ:AZTA – Get Rating) saw strong growth in short-term interest in August. As of August 31, there was short interest totaling 3,490,000 shares, up 17.5% from the total of 2,970,000 shares as of August 15. Approximately 4.7% of the company’s shares are sold short. Based on an average daily volume of 648,400 shares, the short interest rate is currently 5.4 days.

Insiders place their bets

In other Azenta news, COO Matthew Mcmanus purchased 8,625 shares of the company in a trade on Friday, August 19. The shares were purchased at an average price of $58.15 per share, for a total transaction of $501,543.75. As a result of the transaction, the chief operating officer now owns 29,467 shares of the company, valued at approximately $1,713,506.05. The transaction was disclosed in a filing with the Securities & Exchange Commission, which is available at this hyperlink. In other Azenta news, COO Matthew Mcmanus purchased 8,625 shares of the company in a trade on Friday, August 19. The shares were purchased at an average price of $58.15 per share, for a total transaction of $501,543.75. As a result of the transaction, the chief operating officer now owns 29,467 shares of the company, valued at approximately $1,713,506.05. The transaction was disclosed in a filing with the Securities & Exchange Commission, which is available at this hyperlink. Additionally, Chief Financial Officer Lindon G. Robertson purchased 4,350 shares of the company in a transaction dated Friday, August 19. The shares were purchased at an average cost of $57.62 per share, for a total transaction of $250,647.00. Following the purchase, the CFO now directly owns 100,571 shares of the company, valued at $5,794,901.02. Disclosure of this purchase can be found here. 1.62% of the shares are currently held by insiders.

Institutional entries and exits

Major investors have recently changed their positions in the company. Adalta Capital Management LLC bought a new position in shares of Azenta during the 1st quarter at a value of $414,000. NorthCrest Asset Management LLC bought a new position in shares of Azenta during Q2 worth $880,000. Moody Aldrich Partners LLC bought a new position in shares of Azenta during the 2nd quarter at a value of $10,815,000. YorkBridge Wealth Partners LLC bought a new position in shares of Azenta during Q2 worth $290,000. Finally, AdvisorNet Financial Inc acquired a new equity stake in Azenta during Q2 worth $50,000. Hedge funds and other institutional investors own 97.43% of the company’s shares.

Azenta stock performance

AZTA stock opened at $50.34 on Friday. Azenta has a 1-year minimum of $48.51 and a 1-year maximum of $124.79. The stock’s 50-day moving average price is $60.91 and its 200-day moving average price is $71.25. The company has a market capitalization of $3.78 billion, a P/E ratio of 1.74 and a beta of 1.54.

Azenta (NASDAQ:AZTA – Get Rating) last reported results on Tuesday, August 9. The company reported earnings per share (EPS) of $0.12 for the quarter, beating consensus analyst estimates of $0.08 by $0.04. Azenta had a return on equity of 1.47% and a net margin of 391.34%. The company posted revenue of $132.74 million for the quarter, versus analyst estimates of $132.70 million. In the same quarter of the previous year, the company achieved EPS of $0.72. Azenta revenue increased 2.8% year-over-year. On average, research analysts predict that Azenta will post 0.41 earnings per share for the current year.

Wall Street analysts predict growth

AZTA has been the subject of several reports by research analysts. Needham & Company LLC reduced its price target on Azenta from $94.00 to $74.00 and set a “buy” rating on the stock in a Wednesday, August 10 research note. B. Riley reduced his price target on Azenta from $94.00 to $82.00 in a Thursday, July 14 research note. TheStreet downgraded Azenta from a “c-” rating to a “d+” rating in a Thursday, September 1 research note. Finally, Evercore ISI reduced its target price on Azenta to $68.00 in a Monday, August 15 research note.

About Azenta

(Get a rating)

Azenta, Inc provides life science sample management and exploration solutions for the life science market in North America, Europe, China, Asia-Pacific and internationally. The Company operates through two reportable segments, Life Science Products and Life Science Services. The Life Science Products segment offers automated cold sample management systems for the storage of compound and biological samples; equipment for sample preparation and handling; consumables; and instruments that help customers manage samples throughout their research, discovery and development workflows.

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Editorial: The pursuit of tech hubs is a short- and long-term boon | Editorial


The Build Back Better Regional Challenge was a billion-dollar United States Economic Development Administration program funded by the American Rescue Plan Act. Despite a valiant effort and designation as a national finalist, a Virginia Tech-led coalition of 50 Southwestern Virginia organizations did not win the challenge and the millions in federal funding it would have brought.

The proposal launched by Tech built on areas where the university and its affiliates and partners are already leaders: the development of automated and electric vehicles, and drone delivery. The fact that the proposal did not strike gold when the winners were announced on September 2 mainly demonstrates that nothing is guaranteed when the competition is fierce.

Notable: A Richmond-Petersburg-based project was one of the winners, the Advanced Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Cluster, which officials at partner organization Virginia State University say will “expand the nation’s supply chain for essential medicines and critical active pharmaceutical ingredients” – that’s what Virginia did get at least about $53 million of that billion dollars.

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Sen. Mark Warner, D-Virginia, cited Tech’s run for this challenge as an example of the kind of organizational experience needed to compete for one of the 20 regional tech hubs set to be created by the CHIPS and Science Act that President Joe Biden signed into law on August 9. The law earmarks $10 billion for these hubs, which do not need to be connected to manufacturing semiconductor chips.

The White House released a statement touting these hubs as the product of partnerships between state and local governments, universities, businesses, unions and community organizations that will spur innovation in areas such as clean energy and climate change. ‘artificial intelligence.

Discreet but undeniably clear, these hubs are intended to ground high-tech development in areas far from the urban coastal towns where these industries have been hyper-concentrated.

Not just buzzwords

The founder, chairman, president and former CEO of one of the New River Valley’s high-tech companies sees an opportunity for Southwest Virginia in the development of precision agriculture, which plans to exploit the land using state-of-the-art technology that makes last-minute adjustments to multiple plots of soil in a single field. This allows many different types of crops to be grown on subdivided “microsites” instead of uniformly and mechanically caring for a few crops on one large plot. The techniques can also be applied to animal husbandry and forestry.

Entrepreneur Steve Critchfield said his downtown Pulaski climate technology company, MOVA Technologies, is focused on precision agriculture, which he says is designated under the CHIPS and Science Act as an area, for so to speak, to support.

Steve Critchfield

MATT GENTRY | Roanoke time

MOVA recently received a $174,000 Small Business Innovation Research Grant from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture to fund testing of a filtration system designed to capture harmful chemical emissions from agricultural processes and not only clean the air of pollutants, but separate and recycle them into forms that can be reused or resold. MOVA is developing this system through a public-private partnership with Virginia Tech’s College of Agriculture – the company’s fourth collaboration with Virginia Tech.

“Climate tech, sustainable green tech is no longer a buzzword. It’s a means to economic growth and our future,” Critchfield said. He hopes to see similar companies drawn to the area by MOVA’s work, ambitions similar to the Roanoke area’s dreams for the Fralin Biomedical Research Institute at VTC.

Develop a growth center

Critchfield noted that the technology hubs of the CHIPS Act align with recommendations made in a 2019 report by the Brookings Institute and the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation.

The authors of “The Case for Growth Centers” argued that the concentration of high-tech innovation in a handful of large coastal cities has deepened our country’s economic and political divides, with 90% of growth from 2005 to 2017 in just five cities, the report says.

This imbalance did not only apply to technology R&D industries. The study showed that all other industrial sectors benefited from their proximity to the growth of the innovation sector – an economic boon that most of the country did not have access to.

To increase economic opportunity and reduce divisions, the study called for the federal government to “bring together a significant set of federal innovation inputs and supports for scaling the innovation sector.” in metropolitan areas far from existing technology hubs”. Additionally, the report asserts that “many metropolitan areas in most regions have the potential to become one of America’s next vibrant innovation hubs.”

One might find it disheartening that none of these potential areas identified in the report are located in Virginia. Critchfield, however, said it’s no secret that Southwest Virginia has that potential.

“If we had been where we are now when the report came out, we should have been there,” he said. In an area that encompasses Botetourt, Roanoke, Montgomery and Pulaski counties, other counties to the west and east, and the cities and towns within them, there is a lot of potential for attraction of technology hubs, such as the Virginia Tech Carilion healthcare partnership, the Virginia Tech Center for Enterprise Research, and “a larger educated workforce and population.”

Critchfield’s optimism and enthusiasm are contagious. As with the Build Back Better Regional Challenge, a tech hub for Southwest Virginia can’t be considered a sure thing, but a group effort carried out with its attitude surely has a fighting chance. And even if we don’t land a hub, the potential to evolve into a high-tech growth center will only grow.

MRN to begin fall walleye surveys | News, Sports, Jobs


From late September through early October, anglers across the state are urged to be on the lookout for Michigan Department of Natural Resources personnel conducting walleye recruitment surveys – a tool that helps fisheries managers determine how many walleye were naturally produced or survived stocking in 2022. (commonly referred to as a given year’s “young fish of the year”).

Using electrofishing boats, teams will survey shallow areas near the shore of the lakes at night in an effort to catch young-of-the-year walleye. On large lakes, two or more electrofishing teams using separate boats may operate at the same time to cover a larger area.

Crews will work both on lakes that have been stocked with walleye and on lakes that have not.

“Completing surveys of stocked and unstocked lakes can influence decisions about future walleye research and stocking efforts and provide valuable insight into the status of young walleye in the system,” said said Emily Martin, MNR Fisheries Division Biologist.

Biologists will also collect and retain a sample of young-of-the-year walleye from stocked lakes to determine if the main source of reproduction is natural or stocked. Many stocked walleye are tagged with oxytetracycline, a chemical marker that can be observed in captured fish using a microscope with an ultraviolet light source in the laboratory.

Some surveys will be conducted in conjunction with tribal agencies, and tribal natural resource departments will also conduct surveys independent of the DNR.

Everyone is urged to exercise caution when fishing near electrofishing boats, and those wading will be asked to get out of the water when approaching a boat and during electrofishing work. Crews will use bright lights to illuminate the water around the boats and run an onboard generator, which can make it difficult to hear and speak with anyone ashore.

Learn more about how the DNR manages Michigan’s fisheries at Michigan.gov/Fishing.

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The basics of DNA and genetic systems


A new link between cancer and aging?

A new study in 2022 reveals a stimulating relationship between how long animals live and how quickly their genetic code mutates.

Cancer is a product of time and mutations, so researchers studied its onset and impact in 16 unique mammals. A new perspective on DNA mutation expands our understanding of aging and cancer development and how we may be able to control it.

Mutations, aging and cancer: an introduction

Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of cells. It is not a pathogen that infects the body, but a normal bodily process gone wrong.

Cells are dividing and multiplying in our body all the time. Sometimes during DNA replication, tiny errors (called mutations) appear randomly in the genetic code. Our body has mechanisms to correct these errors, and for much of our youth, we stay strong and healthy thanks to these corrective measures.

However, these protections weaken with age. The development of cancer becomes more likely as mutations escape our defenses and continue to multiply. The longer we live, the more mutations we carry and the likelihood of them manifesting as cancer increases.

A biological enigma

Since mutations can occur randomly, biologists expect larger life forms (those with more cells) to have a higher chance of developing cancer than smaller life forms.

Curiously, no association exists.

It’s one of the biggest mysteries in biology as to why massive creatures like whales or elephants rarely seem to get cancer. It’s called Peto’s paradox. Even weirder: some smaller creatures, like the naked mole rat, are completely resistant to cancer.

This phenomenon motivates researchers to look into the genetics of naked mole rats and whales. And while we’ve found that special genetic bonuses (like extra tumor-suppressing genes) benefit these creatures, a pattern of cancer rates in all other species is still poorly understood.

Cancer may be closely associated with lifespan

Researchers at the Wellcome Sanger Institute report the first study to compare mutation rates with the lifespan of animals.

Mutation rates are simply the rate at which species breed mutations. Mammals with shorter lifespans have very fast average mutation rates. A mouse undergoes nearly 800 mutations in each of its four short years on Earth. Mammals with longer lifespans have much slower average mutation rates. In humans (average lifespan of about 84 years), there are less than 50 mutations per year.

The study also compares the number of mutations at the time of death with other traits, such as body mass and lifespan. For example, a giraffe has about 40,000 times more cells than a mouse. Or a human lives 90 times longer than a mouse. What surprised the researchers was that the number of mutations at the time of death only differed by a factor of three.

Such weak differentiation suggests that there may be a total number of mutations that a species can collect before it dies. Since mammals reached this number at different speeds, finding ways to control the rate of mutations can help curb the development of cancer, delay aging and prolong life.

The future of cancer research

The results of this study raise new questions for understanding cancer.

Confirming that mutation rate and lifespan are strongly correlated requires comparison with non-mammalian life forms, such as fish, birds, and even plants.

It will also be necessary to understand what factors control mutation rates. The answer to this probably lies in the complexities of DNA. Geneticists and oncologists continue to study genetic curiosities such as tumor suppressor genes and their impact on mutation rates.

Aging is likely to be a confluence of many issues, such as epigenetic changes or telomere shortening, but if mutations are involved there may be hopes of slowing genetic damage or even reversing it.

Although only a first step, linking mutation rates to lifespan is reframing our understanding of cancer development, and it may open the door to new strategies and therapies to treat cancer or tame the number of health problems associated with aging.

Auburn board passes budget with strong support from Auburn employees


Body of the article

In a show of significant support for Auburn employee investment, the Auburn University Board of Trustees accepted its largest budget yet — $1.593 billion — for fiscal year 2023 during of its meeting on September 16.

The new budget, which begins Oct. 1, is up $64.2 million, or 4.20%, from fiscal year 2021. This includes a 5% merit pool, funds for recruiting high caliber teachers, funds to provide staff with competitive services in the market. salaries, job family and faculty promotions and other salary adjustments, as well as benefits.

Friday’s action follows an announcement by Auburn President Christopher B. Roberts at the April board meeting that the university is committed to significantly investing in its employees. Nearly 85% of the proposed budget, or $1,348.9 million, is for the main campus, including $110.5 million for Auburn University in Montgomery, $70.4 million for the cooperative extension system of Alabama and $63.2 million for the Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station.

Salaries, wages and benefits are the largest expenses, together accounting for 52.4% of the budget. Kelli Shomaker, vice president of business and finance and chief financial officer, said tuition and state appropriations continued to be the university’s main sources of revenue, accounting for nearly 67% of the budget. total.

These areas also grew more than other sources of revenue, with an additional $27.3 million in state appropriations, $21.5 million in revenue from tuition and fees, and $11.4 million in dollars in restricted income. This represents $60.2 million of the overall increase of $64.2 million in the new budget.

Shomaker said the change in the operations and maintenance budget is almost exclusively related to inflationary costs in areas such as the city of Auburn’s public safety contract, rising costs for administrative and academic software, bonuses insurance and the new square footage added to the campus.

Additionally, the board accepted a proposed 3% increase for tuition and fees at Auburn and a 4% increase at Auburn University at Montgomery for fall 2023. Housing rates will also increase slightly next fall at Auburn, but not at the Montgomery campus.

In other subjects, the council:

  • Acceptance of a proposal to build the Gulf Coast Engineering Research Station and initiation of the architect selection process. The Samuel Ginn College of Engineering proposed the building in Orange Beach, Alabama to provide laboratory, office and collaborative space for research on coastal environments and Gulf Coast communities, as well as for provide Auburn with collaborative opportunities. with other institutions of the Marine Environmental Science Consortium. Funding is expected to come from RESTORE Council grant funds in cooperation with the State of Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.

  • Accepted a proposal to renovate part of the Auburn Research Park Research and Innovation Center and selected Goodwyn Mills Cawood of Birmingham, Alabama as the architect for the project. The project will create a Research Commons for the College of Architecture, Design and Construction. The works include the completion of an 8,000 square foot rental development of the center for research support and administrative spaces and the renovation of 4,000 square feet of the center support building for a fabrication shop and of research.

  • Initiated a consultancy suite renovation project at Lowder Hall and authorized the architect selection process. The Harbert College of Business wants the suite renovated to improve the reception area and add counseling offices and collaborative spaces to accommodate growing student enrollment and improve departmental efficiency.

  • Plans accepted to complete Phase II of the Village Residences Repair and Renovation Project. Work on Holloway Hall, which is expected to begin and be completed in the summer of 2023, includes replacement of flooring, millwork, countertops, mechanical units and furniture. Phase II of the overall project is estimated at $3 million and will be funded by University Housing. Phase I of the project consisted of repairing the Matthews and Aubie rooms.

  • Granted final approval for a project to create a new environmental education building at the Kreher Preserve and Nature Center. The new facility will provide indoor and outdoor teaching space to support and expand research and outreach programs for groups of all ages. The total estimated cost of the project is $1.95 million. Leers Weinzapfel Associates of Boston was previously selected as the architect for the project.

  • Selected Cooper Carry of Atlanta as the project architect for the renovation of the Student Activity Center space for the School of Kinesiology’s new Doctor of Physical Therapy program. The project will provide teaching space, a research lab, offices and other support spaces to enable the school to begin the new program.

  • Selected Barge Design Solutions Inc. of Dothan, Alabama as general consultant for Auburn University Regional Airport. The Federal Aviation Administration and the State of Alabama Aeronautics Bureau require the airport to hire a general consultant who will perform certain airport planning, engineering, and administrative services.

  • In addition, selected Barge Design Solutions Inc. as the engineer for the runway safety area extension project. The Federal Aviation Administration, or FAA, recently informed Auburn that the current safety zone at the north end of Runway 18-36 must be expanded in order for the airport to continue and increase its volume of operations. To facilitate a faster and more efficient design process, the university architect recommended approval from the airport’s general consultant, Barge Design Solutions Inc. The project is expected to be funded with grant funds through the FAA and local funds from the cities of Auburn. and Opelika.

  • Passed a resolution to approve the conservation easement for the Alabama Cooperative Extension System project to construct a new lodge at the Graham Farm and Nature Center lodge in Jackson County, Alabama.

  • Accepted the College of Forestry, Wildlife and Environment’s proposal to establish the Center for Natural Resource Management on military lands. The center will support the college’s agreement with the US military to conduct research-based activities to help the military better manage its land. In addition, the center will provide faculty expertise and natural resource management services to one or more of eight Army installations in the Southeast.

Additionally, the board learned that the Harbert College of Business has renamed its management department to the Department of Management and Entrepreneurship. The change in nomenclature better reflects the current scope of entrepreneurship teaching, research and outreach programs.

Harbert College also renamed the Department of Systems and Technology to the Department of Business Analytics and Information Systems. The change was necessary, as the department no longer houses these academic disciplines.

For Auburn University at Montgomery, the board accepted a proposal to create a Master of Science in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology in the College of Science. The new curriculum includes options with and without thesis and three concentrations: biochemistry and molecular biology, biotechnology and environmental science technology. The goal is to provide graduate students in biology and chemistry with the opportunity to tailor their studies to their unique career goals. The degree is unique in the state because of its options, which are not similar to other programs. Currently, over 370 undergraduates are enrolled in the Biology and Environmental Science programs and over 50 undergraduates are enrolled in the Chemistry program.

The new class of CAES Ambassadors is launched


Sept. 16 – ATHENS – Pope Arline, a fourth-year student from St. Simons Island, sits at a long conference table inside Conner Hall as fellow ambassadors from the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences introduce themselves for their weekly Tuesday meeting. As the rest of the 32-student team catch up on the week and find their seats, Arline explains what he loves about being a student at the University of Georgia.

“There’s such a sense of community here – I’ve always felt my professors really cared about my success, not just in their classes, but also in thinking about life after college,” he said. he declares. “At a college like CAES, you can make connections with your professors, advisors, and classmates that you might not be able to do at a larger on-campus college.

“I come from a small town and UGA can be a pretty overwhelming place, but I found my home at CAES. I couldn’t think of a better way to give back to the place I call home. than being a representative of CAES as an ambassador.”

Founded in 1989, the CAES Ambassador Program is UGA’s oldest student ambassador group and focuses on student recruitment, student engagement, and community outreach. Students with a major in CAES and at least two semesters of college are eligible to apply and participate in the interview process, all with the goal of being selected to wear the program’s signature red blazer. These students are experts in all things CAES – for prospective students from across the state and nation, Ambassadors provide insight into student life in Athens and Tifton, as well as the variety of learning opportunities practice available in agricultural and environmental sciences.

“Giving tours to prospective students is one of my favorite parts of being an ambassador,” said Anna Cook, a fourth-year Fitzgerald student. “For me, it’s exciting to show students what I love about being a student not only at UGA but also at CAES.”

Pam Cummins, Director of Student Recruitment for CAES, leads students through their year of service, guiding them and arranging professional development opportunities for the group. Although these students come from diverse backgrounds and have unique career goals, it is their passion for CAES that brings them together, she said.

“All of our Ambassadors are very proud to be CAES students and are passionate about helping other students and community members learn more about the work we do here,” Cummins said. “They are able to not only work alongside prospective students, but also increase their own confidence in public speaking, network with UGA leaders, and develop deep relationships with fellow ambassadors. .”

For Hampton Watkins, being a CAES Ambassador allows him to bring together two of his passions: science and connecting with others. A third-year animal science student from Rome, Watkins begins his first year of service as a CAES Ambassador this fall.

“I’ve always loved the opportunities to talk with people who are different from me, who have different career goals,” he said. “For me, being an Ambassador allows me to bring together my passion for science and connect with others – CAES has given me a great opportunity to be part of the exciting things happening here.”

Excitement was high among the group as they began classes at the Athens and Tifton campuses, knowing that they are not only pursuing their own training in agricultural and environmental sciences, but also supporting the next generation of CAES students through meaningful outreach.

The CAES 2022-23 ambassadors are:

Athens Campus

Arline, fourth year, agribusiness and risk management and insurance, St. Simons Island

Megan Cherry, fourth year, agricultural communication, Chatsworth

Ariana Cohen, Third Year, Biological Sciences, Cumming

Aynslee Conner, fourth year, applied biotechnology and entomology, Madison

Cook, Fourth Year, Biological Sciences, Fitzgerald

Grant Cook, fourth year, biological sciences and entomology, McRae

Molly Cooney, third year, agricultural communication, Grimes, Iowa

Jada Daniel, fourth year, biological sciences, Danville

Chloe Dela Cerna, Fourth Year, Agrisciences and Environmental Systems and Agricultural and Applied Economics, Tifton

Ashley Dombrowski, Masters Student, Entomology, Newnan

Maya Dubos, Fourth Year, Hospitality and Food Management, Acworth

Benji Easter, fourth year, agricultural communication, Peachtree City

Kate Fouts, fourth year, animal science, Hoschton

Brenna Gassman, fourth year, animal science and biological science, Evans

Reilly Grady, second year, agribusiness, Dalton

Kaitlyn Hart, Fourth Year, Hospitality and Food Management, Moultrie

Anna Hightower, fourth year, Macon Agribusiness

Paul Kellam, third year, biological sciences, Dublin

Bella Kerbers, fourth year, agricultural communication, Katy, Texas

Justin Loedding, fourth year, agribusiness and agricultural and applied economics, Dawsonville

Haley McMillan, fourth year, environmental resource science, Dacula

Hank Murray, Fourth Year, Agribusiness and Agricultural and Applied Economics, Folkston

Spen Oliver, fourth year, agroscience and environmental systems, Pine Mountain

Taylor Pearson, fourth year, applied biotechnology and entomology, Reidsville

Olivia Phillips, fourth year, agribusiness and agricultural and applied economics, Fitzgerald

Brooke Raniere, fourth year, environmental economics and management, Peachtree City

Grayson Swindell, second year, agribusiness, Manassas

Audrey Thacker, fourth year, agribusiness and agricultural and applied economics, Malibu, CA.

Douglas Vines, fourth year, applied biotechnology, Marietta

Hampton Watkins, Third Year, Animal Science, Rome

Tyler Westbrook, fourth year, agribusiness, Jasper

Will Woodard, fourth year, agribusiness, Madison

Tifton Campus

Bailey Rayfield, fourth year, agroscience and environmental systems, Adel

Kylie Whitworth, fourth year, agricultural education, Royston

Kristen Edwards, fourth year, agricultural education, Pelham

Miller Hayes, fourth year, agroscience and environmental systems, Brinson

Lindsey Herrin, Third Year, Agribusiness, Adel

Applications to become a CAES Ambassador 2023-2024 open on November 20. To learn more about the Ambassador Program, visit caes.uga.edu/students.

Eloxx reports cystic fibrosis PhII failure as biotech weighs options – Endpoints News


A rare disease biotech failed in a clinical trial – and investors aren’t too happy about it.

Eloxx Pharmaceuticals announced on Wednesday that its small molecule candidate ELX-02 combined with ivacaftor failed a small phase II trial. The combined trial tested the two drugs in patients with class 1 cystic fibrosis and at least one “nonsense mutation”. Ivacaftor is half of Vertex’s flagship cystic fibrosis drug, Orkambi.

According to Eloxx, the combo failed to see statistical significance in some efficacy parameters, such as changes from baseline in sweat chloride concentration and perfect forced expiratory volume.

However, the biotech noted in a filing with the SEC:

Evidence of activity for ELX-02 was observed, as patients with higher baseline sweat chloride levels demonstrated increased responses as reported by CSC (p=0.00013 at day 35). The results of the trials were potentially skewed by a large variability in the measurement of sweat chloride and lung function. The Company believes this variability may have been caused by very low drug exposures in the lungs.

President and CEO Sumit Aggarwal recounts Terminal News that Eloxx will work with the CF Foundation to determine the next steps in the development of ELX-02. The organization had financially supported Eloxx’s lawsuit.

As to why the trial failed, the CEO said efficiency is not the same as activity.

“We were measuring improvement in lung function from functional response, not just activity. So activity can exist but be drowned out by variability due to low bar exposure, patient characteristics, so you don’t, it doesn’t translate to statistically significant efficacy when you don’t only have 11 patients in a trial,” Aggarwal said. .

On that note, Aggarwal added that the company has already begun setting up a trial testing ELX-02 in eight patients with Alport syndrome, a genetic condition characterized by progressive loss of kidney function. The plan on that front is to have a reading in the first half of 2023.

“With our resources, they are much better spent on Alport,” the chief executive noted.

penny stock player $ELOX fell 39% in early morning trading Thursday, to 23 cents per share. The biotech was the subject of a delisting notice in January, saying it had until January 2, 2023 to return to compliance with the Nasdaq, essentially bringing its share price back above the dollar. for the first time since November.

Aggarwal tells Endpoints that in light of the weak stock price, biotech has enough cash to see it through the fourth quarter of next year — and essentially all options, including a reverse spin-off, are on the table. table.

Labroots Announces 6th Annual Virtual Cell Biology Event, Held September 21, 2022


Cell Biology, September 21, 2022

Laboratorythe leading scientific social networking website offering premier virtual events and interactive webinars, today announced its 6th edition cellular biology event scheduled for September 21, 2022. The conference promises to deliver a hard-hitting impact agenda and the exchange of scientific information sharing new advances in the field of cell biology.

This free event will provide an educational forum for biologists, researchers, top scientists and leading professionals from universities and institutions interested in learning fundamental aspects of biology, recent discoveries in biological research and new tools for research. cellular while showcasing a global community for some of the brightest minds in the field. The program explores sessions on basic cell biology, translational cell biology, quantitative cell biology, and organ-on-chip technologies.

To begin the day, attendees will hear James J. Hickman, PhD, Co-Founder and Chief Scientist, Hesperos, Inc., deliver a keynote presentation titled “Multi-Organ Human on a Chip Systems for Preclinical Efficacy and Toxicity Evaluations follow through a live question-and-answer session.

“Microphysiological Systems (MPS) are a breakthrough technology that gives researchers visibility and insight into disease states that were simply not possible before,” said James J. Hickman, Co-Founder and Chief Scientist, Hesperos, Inc. “This has important implications. both ethically and economically, as we are now able to investigate rare diseases, as there are 7,000 rare diseases with only 400 active research programs. Going forward, we expect these human-based technologies to continue to rapidly gain traction with industry and regulatory agencies as they continue to better predict human outcomes and support implementation. to market new therapies at a fraction of standard development costs. A key example of regulatory adoption occurred in December 2020 when the FDA cleared a Phase II clinical trial for the treatment of rare diseases using data efficiencies produced by a Hesperos system (#NCT04658472). I am delighted to share this information with the public during my presentation via Labroots’ unique platform.”

The second keynote presentation, also with live Q&A, is presented by Juan S. Bonifacino, Associate Scientific Director of the Division of Neurosciences and Cellular and Structural Biology at (NCSBD) Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, (NICHD) National Institutes of Health (NIH) to explore the pathogenetic mechanisms of neurodevelopmental disorders caused by dysfunction of intracellular transport. NIH Emeritus Researcher Dr Bonifacino said: “Due to their polarized organization and long processes such as axons and dendrites, neurons are particularly vulnerable to defects in the molecular machinery that provides intracellular transport of proteins and organelles. Consequently, mutations in the components of this machinery are at the root of many neurodevelopmental disorders. I will discuss this link between intracellular transport and disease, using hereditary spastic paraplegias caused by mutations in the AP-4 complex as an example. During my keynote address, I will illustrate how basic research on biological processes contributes to the elucidation of disease mechanisms.

This year’s event aims to unveil new discoveries through thought-provoking talks on a variety of topics you won’t want to miss! Key discussions include a QIAGEN-sponsored presentation exploring single-cell analysis of tumor microenvironment in high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma, and a presentation sponsored by LUMINEX, a DiaSorin company sharing xMAP bead-based multiplexing technology from Luminex and how it has been used in life science research for 27 years. Additionally, insightful topics ranging from predicting clinical gastrointestinal safety outcomes using an in vitro human intestinal epithelial model, optogenetic tools to manipulate protein localization and signaling at sites of contact with organelles, and the on-chip glomerulus as a platform for disease modeling, drug screening, biomarker discovery and mechanistic studies will be shared, and much more!

Produced on Labroots’ robust interactive platform enabling seamless connection across desktop and mobile devices, the online event offers a comprehensive educational experience. The virtual environment consists of a lobby equipped with leaderboard and gamification, an auditorium with live video webcasts offering live discussions to attendees during scheduled presentations, a poster room with a poster contest and live chat conversations, a showroom to interact with sponsors and see their latest products and technologies, and a networking lounge to connect and collaborate with colleagues. By attending this event, you can earn 1 continuing education credit per presentation watched for a maximum of 30 credits.

To register for the event, Click here.

Join the conversation online and use the #LRcellbio hashtag to connect with other members of the global cell and molecular biology community! Follow @CellBiology_LR on Twitter and @CellandMolecularBiology.LR on Facebook to connect with our cell and molecular biology editors and stay up to date with the latest trends in cell and molecular biology.

About Labroots

Labroots is the leading science social networking website and leading source for science news and leading virtual events and educational webinars and more. Advancing science through content sharing capabilities, Labroots is a powerful advocate for amplifying global networks and communities. Founded in 2008, Labroots focuses on digital innovation in scientific collaboration and learning. Offering more than articles and webcasts that go beyond the mundane and explore the latest discoveries in the world of science, Labroots users can stay at the top of their field by earning continuing education credits on a wide range of topics through their participation in webinars and virtual events.

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The founder offers Patagonia to save the planet


Patagonia founder and “reluctant billionaire” Yvon Chouinard has just raised the bar for corporate actions in the face of the planetary emergency caused by fossil fuels.

“Instead of ‘going public’, you could say we’re ‘going for a purpose’.”

The 83-year-old, his wife Malinda and their adult children, Fletcher and Claire, sold the business, valued at around $3 billion. The mountaineer turned businessman explained his decision in an interview published on Wednesday by The New York Timesas well as a letter on the outdoor clothing retailer’s website.

“Although we are doing our best to deal with the environmental crisis, it is not enough. We had to find a way to invest more money in the fight against the crisis while keeping the values ​​of the environment intact. business,” Chouinard wrote. “One option was to sell Patagonia and give away all the money. But we couldn’t be sure that a new owner would maintain our values ​​or keep our team of people around the world employed.”

“Another route was to take the company public. What a disaster that would have been. Even public companies with good intentions are under too much pressure to create short-term gains at the expense of long-term vitality and accountability” , he continued. “Truth be told, there were no good options available. So, we created our own.”

As the Time detailed:

In August, the family irrevocably transferred all of the company’s voting shares, or 2% of total shares, into a newly created entity known as the Patagonia Purpose Trust.

The trust, which will be overseen by family members and their closest advisors, aims to ensure that Patagonia lives up to its commitment to run a socially responsible business and donate its profits. Since the Chouinards donated their shares to a trust, the family will pay approximately $17.5 million in taxes on the donation.

The Chouinards then donated the remaining 98% of Patagonia, its common stock, to a new nonprofit called Holdfast Collective, which will now receive all of the company’s profits and use the funds to fight climate change. Since the Holdfast Collective is a 501(c)(4), which allows it to make unlimited political contributions, the family received no tax benefit for their donation.

The newspaper noted that “Patagonia has already donated $50 million to the Holdfast Collective and plans to donate another $100 million this year, making the new organization a major player in climate philanthropy.”

Chouinard told the Time that “I didn’t know what to do with the business because I never wanted a business”, and called the plan a “perfect fit” for his family.

“I don’t respect the scholarship at all,” he explained. “Once you go public, you’ve lost control of the company and you need to maximize profits for the shareholder, and then you become one of those irresponsible companies.”

As he put it in the letter: “Instead of ‘going public’, you could say we’re ‘moving forward’. Instead of extracting value from nature and turning it into wealth for investors, we will use the wealth created by Patagonia to protect the source of all wealth.”

It was important for Chouinard’s children “that they not be seen as financial beneficiaries,” he told the Time. “They really embody this notion that every billionaire is a political failure.”

“I was in Forbes magazine listed as a billionaire, which really, really pissed me off,” he recalled. “I don’t have $1 billion in the bank. I don’t drive a Lexus.”

The family’s move has been welcomed by climate action and conservation advocates.

“Wow,” tweeted Jamie Henn, director of Fossil Free Media. “Patagonia has long been an incredible ally in the fight for climate justice – they have offered their stores, funding and publicity for mobilizations and more – but this takes it to a whole new level. Congratulations to all the team.”

“The world really can be different friends.”

Marine biologist and policy expert Ayana Elizabeth Johnson said she “couldn’t be more proud to serve on the Board of Directors” of Patagonia, and celebrated that “for now, the Earth is our sole shareholder – ALL profits, in perpetuity, will go to our mission to ‘save our home planet “. ‘”

Chouinard suggested that the innovative approach could inspire action by others in the business world.

“I hope it influences a new form of capitalism that doesn’t end up with a few rich and a bunch of poor,” he said. “We’re going to donate as much money as possible to people who are actively working to save this planet.”

Supporters agreed. Congresswoman Marie Newman (D-Ill.) simply tweeted: “More please.”

As Poet Amanda Gorman underline Wednesday, “The world really can be different friends.”

Multiple interactions in its culture


Newswise – The study is the result of new findings from scientists at the universities of Würzburg, Göttingen and Vienna and the Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT. The biologists responsible for the study are Justine Vansynghel, researcher at the Department of Animal Ecology and Tropical Biology at Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg (JMU), and Carolina Ocampo-Ariza, researcher at the Department of Agroecology at the University from Göttingen.

Sometimes harmful, sometimes pest control

“Animals such as birds, bats and insects, but also rodents, are important for cocoa agroforestry,” explains Justine Vansynghel. On the one hand, they can increase yields, for example by pollinating plants or acting as “biological pest control agents”. On the other hand, they can reduce yields, for example when squirrels steal the valuable seeds and prefer to eat them themselves.

Various animal species were known to affect cocoa cultivation and crop yield. “Until now, however, it was not clear how the individual contributions of all these animals interact and how other factors, such as the proximity of the cultivated area to a forest or its level of shade, may influence these contributions,” said Carolina Ocampo- dit Ariza. In their study, which has just been published, the two researchers therefore quantified the combined contributions of animals to crop yield and explored how distance from the forest and shade affect productivity.

The main conclusions of their study are as follows:

  • The level of cocoa fruit set does not only depend on the flying insects that visit the cocoa flowers. Birds and bats also have a positive effect on fruit set
  • If birds and bats have access to cocoa plants, it more than doubles the yield.
  • Ants also contributed positively to cocoa yield, but only in farms located near forests.
  • The existence of squirrels is unpleasant from the point of view of the cocoa farmer. Because they eat the seeds of cocoa trees, they reduce crop yield. However, “the benefits of biodiversity outweigh the losses caused by squirrels and other rodents”, specify the biologists.
  • And finally: when cocoa trees grow in the shade of other plants and flying insects can visit the cocoa flowers, this also increases the fruit set and therefore – ideally – the yield.

Why does yield increase with the presence of birds and bats? The authors have a theory about this: “There might be more spiders and ants when insectivores like birds and bats are absent,” they say. If the diet of spiders and ants includes important pollinators, their absence could cause a drop in fruit set. Additionally, birds and bats could also be directly involved in pest control if they eat them themselves. However, more research is needed to confirm these theories, biologists say.

Why ants increase cocoa yields when the cultivated area is close to forests is also unclear. “Presumably, proximity to forests exerts an influence on which ant species settle in cocoa-growing areas,” Vansynghel says. This is because certain species are known to be beneficial to cocoa plants.

A new impetus for organic cocoa farming

Cocoa trees are native to South America. In this region, they grow in the undergrowth of tropical rainforests. In so-called agroforestry systems, we try to copy these conditions: there, the cocoa tree is generally planted in the shade of large trees. As part of the project, the research team studied a total of 24 such systems in northern and southern Peru. The German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ) funded the project.

According to the scientists involved, the results of the study, which has just been published, contribute to a better understanding of the processes associated with wildlife-friendly agriculture. Based on these findings, they say, it is possible to modify cultivation strategies in such a way that the existence of different animal species is not only accepted, but ideally even encouraged. After all, it could help improve the yields of organic cocoa in its region of origin.

UB scientists to study how ancient climate change has altered ecosystems in Southeast Alaska


UB scientists have received more than $2.9 million from the National Science Foundation to study the impacts of prehistoric climate change on ecosystems in Southeast Alaska.

This coastal region “holds an exceptional geological record of past biological and climatic changes” and may also have served as a crucial gateway for early human migrations to the Americas, according to the project description.

The work brings together an interdisciplinary team. UB biologists will date and analyze DNA from ancient animal bones and plant material to find out what species lived in the area at different times. During this time, UB geologists will study the ancient climate of Southeast Alaska and understand which parts of the study area were covered in ice during the last ice age and how quickly the glaciers moved. are removed as the area warms.

Together, these data will tell a story of how ecosystems in the region have changed as the climate has changed over the past 40,000 years.

What scientists learn could provide important insights into how climate change may impact ecosystems around the world today, says Charlotte Lindqvist, associate professor of biological sciences in the College of Arts and Sciences, who leads the project as principal investigator.

“Much of the research into how life on Earth responds to climate change has focused on a single species over a short period of time,” says Lindqvist. “We are trying to understand changes in species communities dating back at least 40,000 years, also focusing on three particularly rapid warming events that we know have occurred since the last Ice Age.

“What kind of species were found before and after these events, and how did this correlate with changing environmental and climatic variables? As warming occurs, do we have a different community of species? How fast is it evolving? If we can learn something about what happened in the past, it might tell us something about what might happen today and in the future.

Co-principal investigators include Jason Briner, professor of geology; Elizabeth Thomas, associate professor of geology; and Corey Krabbenhoft, an ecologist who will start as an assistant professor of biological sciences in 2023.

The project will invest in interdisciplinary STEM training and career development to educate the next generation of multidisciplinary scientists, including the training of postdoctoral associates and graduate and undergraduate students. The team will also develop programs for science teachers in Buffalo high schools and for K-12 students in Southeast Alaska.

Lindqvist notes that the team of biologists and geologists have worked together in Southeast Alaska in the past, with previous studies providing valuable insight into conversations about how early people may have entered the Americas. and on the history of dogs in the Americas.

The new grant, announced in August by Senate Majority Leader Charles E. Schumer and Senator Kirsten Gillibrand, will build on these earlier successes with a broader study that examines the impact of prehistoric climate change on the ecosystems of the same region.

“The University at Buffalo is deeply committed to addressing climate change and the current sustainability crisis,” President Satish K. Tripathi said when announcing the award. “Through this award from the National Science Foundation, our world-class scientists will be able to further research in climate science, contributing to the understanding and mitigation of one of the preeminent problems facing our nation and our world. confronted.

“I am proud of our entire UB team and grateful for the unwavering support of Senator Schumer, Senator Gillibrand and Congressman Brian Higgins for climate research, as well as the recognition by the National Science Foundation of the important role that UB can play in tackling one of society’s biggest problems. pressing issues,” Tripathi said.

Space City: The Rice-NASA Relationship Through the Years


Illustrated by Jennifer Liu

By Madison Barendse 09/13/22 11:46 PM

Anyone who has been on campus must have heard the name “John F. Kennedy” repeated dozens of times recently. Indeed, Rice hosted a number of events this past weekend to commemorate the 60th anniversary of JFK’s “We Choose to Go to the Moon” speech at Rice Stadium. Many of these events featured collaborations with NASA astronauts and administrators, marking just another result of Rice’s decades-long partnership with NASA.

For much of the Rice-NASA relationship, the collaboration between the two entities was largely unofficial. Their relationship was formalized in 2012 with the signing of the Space Act Agreement, a contract designed to deepen the research collaboration between Rice and NASA. Computer science professor Lydia Kavraki said the deal, which was renewed at the end of last month, is vital.

“The Rice Space Act agreement is essential for Rice,” Kavraki said. “It is a prerequisite for work [related to space] be done. We are very happy that it has been renewed.

Cooperation between Rice and NASA takes many forms. The Rice Space Institute, which formed in 2000 when the former departments of Physics and Space Physics and Astronomy merged, aims to strengthen research ties with NASA and promote space-related activities on campus and in Houston.

Rafe Neathery, a Will Rice College junior who recently completed an internship at Boeing, said RSI’s support of student projects prepared him to enter the aerospace industry. Neathery then said he was optimistic about the future of the Rice-NASA relationship.

“I came here hoping to find something with NASA and a lot of other students do too,” Neathery said. “It’s really cool that Rice is putting a new emphasis on opening up this avenue for students, and NASA is also willing to branch out and allow us to do some of this research for them.”

Vanessa Wyche, director of NASA’s Johnson Space Center, highlighted the importance of collaboration in the aerospace industry, saying mentorship was key to advancing one’s own career.

“I was really lucky, in both [NASA and the FDA], to have mentors. And they were men who were willing to share and teach me everything they knew,” Wyche said.

Looking to the future of NASA, Wyche said she hopes to pass on this legacy of mentorship and collaboration across communities; and in doing so promote STEM careers and increase representation in engineering fields.

“I will say we need to increase the number of women and minorities, especially in engineering. And so that’s one of the things that I do…I try to give back and mentor others “Wyche said. “I always want people [not] be afraid to work with someone different. We have a common goal of wanting [explore space].”

Another space research center is the Center for Space Medicine, located near the campus of the Bioscience Research Collaborative. The CSM was the first department space medicine never established in any university or medical school, and is now a collaborative effort between Rice, NASA, the Baylor College of Medicine, the National Space Biomedical Research Institute, and other institutions at the Texas Medical Center.

Space research also takes place in individual laboratories, such as the Kavraki Lab. In 2016, the laboratory started collaboration with NASA to develop a motion planning framework for the Robonaut 2, a robot intended to assist astronauts with various tasks aboard the International Space Station. Zak Kingston, a postdoctoral research associate at Kavraki Lab who participated in the Robonaut 2 project as a graduate student, said collaborations like this are beneficial to both Rice and NASA.

“We could bring our expertise and they could bring their issues to us, and we both had a really great collaboration,” Kingston said. “I think that’s probably true in all the things NASA is doing right now.”

Outside of labs and institutes, the impact of Rice’s partnership with NASA can be seen in student organizations such as the Rice Eclipse Rocketry Team and Students for Space Exploration and Development.

Founded in 2014, Rice Eclipse has worked with several labs on campus to develop rockets, engines, avionics hardware and software, and is currently designing a rocket to compete in the Spaceport America Cup this summer. Rice Eclipse provides its members with hands-on design and engineering experience, preparing them to enter the space industry and other STEM fields.

As for Rice Eclipse’s current plans, Neathery said he and the rest of the propulsion team were excited to test Titan II, a rocket engine that Eclipse has been working on for several years.

“[Testing the engine] is something that everyone has been looking forward to for a very long time,” Neathery said. “It will be a very big event for us, and it will be an important step for the club as a whole to demonstrate our ability to deliver a complex, long-term engineering project.”

Given the organization’s focus on space, one would assume that Rice’s partnership with NASA had a profound influence on Eclipse. According to Jake Sperry, acting president of Rice Eclipse, this impact is not felt equally by all Rice students.

“A lot of what NASA has helped Rice has been more on the graduate side, and because we’re an undergraduate club, there weren’t as many direct influences as we had from NASA” , Sperry, a Jones College junior, said. “Hopefully if the collaboration between NASA and Rice continues, we’ll see more of the student side of things.”

Rice’s SEDS Chapter is an international student organization that supports space exploration. A notable SEDS project is OwlSat CubeSat, a cubic satellite designed by SEDS members and funded by NASA and RSI to study extreme ultraviolet radiation in low Earth orbit. SEDS hopes to launch this satellite next year. Neathery, structural manager of the OwlSat project, said it was a great opportunity for students looking to gain hands-on experience.

“It’s a chance for us to learn how to build a satellite, which obviously isn’t easy,” Neathery said. “It’s been a huge learning curve for us to develop this.”

Brianna Bukowski, a sophomore at Sid Richardson College and acting vice president of SEDS, said she thought there was room for expansion in Rice’s relationship with NASA, particularly with the undergraduate students.

“I feel like Rice is really pushing this NASA connection that I think doesn’t exist, and that’s especially not accessible to undergraduates,” Bukowski said. “I’m interested to see which direction they’re going.”

Riya Misra contributed to this report.

GeneCentric to Present Data on Tumor Purity Independent Subtyping Assay (PurIST℠) at AACR Pancreatic Conference


DURHAM, NC–(BUSINESS WIRE)–GeneCentric Therapeutics, a company making precision medicine more accurate through RNA-based diagnostics, today announced a poster presentation of additional clinical validation data for PurIST℠, a novel RNA expression assay, in collaboration with Tempus. PurIST identifies patients with the classic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) subtype who are likely to experience longer overall survival (OS) with the FOLFIRINOX standard of care (SOC) than patients with the basal subtype of PDAC. The presentation will be made at the AACR’s 8th Special Conference on Pancreatic Cancer in Boston, Massachusetts, September 13-16, 2022.

Title: Purity Independent Subtyping of Tumor (PurIST): real-world data validation of a pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) gene expression classifier and its prognostic implications

First author: Stephane Wenric, PhD, Principal Investigator, Computational Systems Biology, Tempus, Chicago, Illinois

Speaker: James M. Davison, PhD, Senior Translational Genomics Scientist, GeneCentric Therapeutics, Durham, NC

Session: Poster Session A

Poster number: A002

Date: September 13, 2022

Time: 7:30 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. EDT

PurIST is a laboratory-developed test (LDT) validated by Tempus using an advanced PDAC real patient data set. Over 250 patients with advanced PDAC who were previously treated with SOC FOLFIRINOX or gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel have been identified in Tempus’ multimodal database. RNA sequencing (RNAseq) was performed on primary or metastatic tumor tissues using the CAP/CLIA validated Tempus xT assay platform. Patients were identified as basal or classical molecular subtype. For patients treated with FOLFIRINOX, those with a classical molecular subtype had prolonged survival compared to those with a basal molecular subtype. Survival was similar for FOLFIRINOX and gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel regimens in basal patients, but classic patients had prolonged survival when treated with FOLFIRINOX.

Further details regarding the development and validation of the tests will be presented in a forthcoming publication.

About pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world, and the National Cancer Institute estimates that there will be 62,210 new cases and 49,830 deaths in the United States in 2022. This is the third leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States and has the highest mortality rate of all major cancers. Over 90% of pancreatic cancers are pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDACs), and the 5-year overall survival for resectable/borderline and unresectable PDACs is approximately 20-30% and 1-3 %, respectively. The average patient diagnosed with stage IV PDAC will live approximately one year after diagnosis. The three main treatments for PDAC are surgical resection (if diagnosed early), radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. For resectable tumours, surgical resection is planned for curative intent, however, for unresectable tumours, chemotherapy such as FOLFIRINOX or gemcitabine with nab-paclitaxel is often used.

About GeneCentric

GeneCentric Therapeutics, Inc. is an RNA-based genomics solutions provider based in Durham, NC. The Company has designed its technologies to analyze the complexity of tumor and immune biology using its RNA-based Tumor and Immune Microenvironment Exploration (rT(I)ME) platform to discover and develop signatures of populations of responders to oncological therapies. GeneCentric commercializes its technology through strategic collaborations with pharmaceutical, biotechnology and diagnostic companies in applications throughout the preclinical testing, clinical drug development and commercialization phases. For more information, visit www.genecentric.com or follow us on LinkedIn.

Celebrate Gifts from the Sea as Memorable Florida Souvenirs from Sanibel Island – News-Herald


It’s the geography of Sanibel and Captiva, a pair of islands off the west coast of Florida near Fort Myers, that has made them a destination for shell-picking.

The islands jut west into the Gulf of Mexico, where prevailing northwesterly winds and undercurrents push the shells towards the shores of the islands where they cover the white sand beaches. Seashells are so plentiful they crunch underfoot, and beachgoers quickly discover that it’s wise to wear surf shoes when enjoying activities such as long walks, building sandcastles and elongation in the sun.

The best shelling season is November through March, according to experts from the islands’ Bailey-Matthews National Shell Museum.

During my own stay at Sundial Beach Resort and Spa on Sanibel Island, I saw many other guests walking along the water’s edge picking up seashells in the skilled Sanibel Stoop pose. They wore nets and carried mesh bags to scoop up any shells they found, then carried them to the resort’s Seashell Station to be washed and strained through a sieve.

A Seashell Station for cleaning up seashells found along the wide, white-sand beach is one of many amenities for Sundial Resort guests.  (Janet Podolak??

Strike up a conversation and learn that many of these people really know their stuff. They most likely absorbed a lot of information during a visit to the nearby Seashell Museum or a guided beach walk with a marine biologist. These walks are given at low tide on Bunche beach.

The Seashell Museum, an ideal destination for a rainy day, should be considered a must-see for anyone visiting this coast. Learn how to find and identify seashells common in Southwest Florida and how to clean and transport these gifts from the sea. Keeper Chats in the Living Gallery from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. guide visitors to keeping live shellfish in the touch pools.

The nine aquariums that opened in 1995 feature living creatures such as the giant Pacific octopus as well as a giant clam, live junonia, seahorses and many other molluscs, fish and corals.

I probably shouldn’t have been surprised to learn that cephalopods, like octopuses, are molluscs – in the same phylum as clams and snails. One of the first things I discovered on my visit to the Seashell Museum was that there are more species of molluscs in the world than all mammals, reptiles and amphibians combined.

A giant Pacific octopus with its 16-foot tentacles is featured in the aquariums at the Bailey-Matthews National Shell Museum.  (Courtesy of the Bailey-Matthews National Seashell Museum)
A giant Pacific octopus with its 16-foot tentacles is featured in the aquariums at the Bailey-Matthews National Shell Museum. (Courtesy of the Bailey-Matthews National Seashell Museum)

As a lifelong diver, I have long been fascinated by octopuses, which are shy and often difficult to spot underwater. Sadly, the giant Pacific octopus, with its eight 16-foot suction cup-lined tentacles, that I saw at the Shell Museum died last winter and was replaced by another. They are native to the cold waters of the Pacific Northwest, where I’m unlikely to dive. That’s a good thing, because I don’t think I would want to meet one underwater. The largest giant octopus in the Pacific weighed around 600 pounds

I learned that they are masters of camouflage and can change color quickly when needed. They are highly intelligent, with complex brains and nervous systems that allow them to solve problems and use tools, and they have three hearts and blue blood.

The Bailey-Matthews National Shell Museum is a must-see while visiting Sanibel Island.  (Janet Podolak??

Seashell museum exhibits that I particularly enjoyed included “Seaman’s Valentines,” creations from seashells developed in the 19th century by women in Barbados. They were often brought back by sailors to their loved ones and became a prized art form. Seashells have, it seems, influenced art throughout the centuries.

“Ornamented by the Sea: Fashionable Seashells”, an exhibition until the end of November, shows how seashells have transformed ordinary textiles into extraordinary garments through time and around the world. From expensive snail-based purple dyes to knife-and-mold-based conceptual fantasies, works include designs by Dior, McQueen and Gucci, as well as anonymous indigenous artists.

“Mollusk Hospital: Shell Folk Art Journey in 20 Rooms,” also open through November, brings science and fantasy together in a cluster of 20 imaginative miniature hospital rooms in which hundreds of shells are the patients. Through these recreated hospital environments, visitors learn how molluscs injure themselves and the ingenious methods by which they protect and heal themselves.

A colorful sign on the Sundial Resort grounds indicates the distance to locations around the world.  (Janet Podolak??

Traveler’s checks

Start planning your visit to Sanibel and Captiva with information from the Visitor Bureau at FortMyers-Sanibel.com.

Several airlines fly directly to Southwest Florida International Airport (RSW) in Fort Myers from Cleveland.

The causeway to Sanibel and Captiva is less than an hour’s drive from the airport. If you’re renting a car, look for accommodation with parking, or be prepared to pay $5 an hour to park at a beach. Neither Uber nor Lyft operate on the islands. Golf cart rentals are also available and the island’s speed limit is 25 mph. Over 22 miles of paved bike paths make cycling the most economical way to get around.

Sanibel is only 12 miles long, while Captiva is only 5 miles long. Many accommodations on the Narrow Islands have water and beach access on both Pine Island Sound and the Gulf of Mexico.

Here are the contacts for some of the places mentioned:

Sundial Beach Resort & Spa, 1451 Middle Gulf Drive, Sanibel; 239-472-4151; sundialresort.com. Accommodations are in fully equipped condominiums of varying sizes with multiple heated swimming pools, tennis courts, a 12-court pickleball stadium, fitness center and more.

Bailey-Matthews National Seashell Museum, 3075 Sanibel-Captiva Road, Sanibel; 888-679-6450; ShellMuseum.org. Admission: $23.95 adult; $14.95 youth 12-17, $8.85 children 5-11.

Beach walks with a marine biologist depart at 9 am daily from the Island Inn, 3111 W. Gulf Drive in Sanibel (islandinnsanibel.com). Required reservations can be made at 230-395-2233. They cost $10 for adults and $7 for children. Participants receive a half-price coupon for entry to the Shell Museum.

Clemson researcher develops precision therapies for inflammatory diseases


As fungal infections are becoming more common with the increased use of immunosuppressive drugsClemson University researchers are looking for ways to better target the immune system’s response.

Immunosuppressive drugs reduce the body’s ability to fight off other things such as the fungal spore Aspergillus fumigatuswhich in healthy people is usually destroyed by the body’s immune system before it becomes a problem.

Researchers are studying how the immune system works in order to develop better tools that won’t largely shut down the body’s immune system.

Emily Rosowski, an assistant professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at the College of Sciences, has led efforts to develop new ways to target specific immune pathways rather than compromising the body’s immune system with broad-acting immunosuppressants.

“(Patients) are at risk for opportunistic infections from microbes in the environment that don’t normally make people sick because a healthy immune system fights them off,” Rosowski said.

Rosowski received $1.2 million MIRA National Institutes of Health (Maximizing Investigators’ Research Award) to continue his research.

It uses zebrafish larvae infected with Aspergillus fumigatus for his research, as he has genomes and immune responses similar to those of humans. The fish also have transparent skin, which allows researchers to study what is going on inside the creature.

“Understanding which immune responses are most important in fighting these infections will allow us to find treatments that will boost or stimulate immune responses to help control the infection versus just those antifungals that directly target the fungus,” he said. she stated.

Enzymatic DNA Synthesis Market to See Skyrocketing Growth


The latest report published by Market Research Inc. indicates that the enzymatic DNA synthesis market is expected to accelerate significantly over the next few years. The specialists have studied the market drivers, restraints, risks and prospects in the global market. The Enzymatic DNA Synthesis Market report shows the likely direction of the market in the coming years along with its assessments. A careful study aims to understand the market price. By analyzing the competitive landscape, the authors of the report have made excellent efforts to help readers understand the key business strategies that prominent organizations are employing to keep pace with market sustainability.

Enzymatic DNA synthesis is a well-established DNA synthesis technique that is useful in synthetic biology, genetic engineering, therapeutic antibodies, vaccine design, and other advanced biological techniques. It is also very useful to maintain DNA library and custom DNA synthesis.

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Why attendance shouldn’t be mandatory – Northern Star


Getty Images

Getting to class helps you stay on track with what’s expected and digest material that might not be in your textbooks.

Two truths and a lie: I am almost legally blind; I have five siblings; I love the mandatory course attendance. Believe it or not, but waking up for biology class at 8 a.m. isn’t how I’d like to start every morning — so in first grade, I slept.

I in no way encourage anyone to skip class. I love academia; I like to learn. But at the same time, I can’t stand any course schedule that requires class attendance.

Obviously, I’m not talking about courses or labs that involve students taking hands-on approaches. You should go to your chemistry lab. I call these courses – usually general courses, but definitely higher level courses – where you sit in a hard plastic chair for an hour listening to an instructor read from the same powerpoint that you could have read yourself from a couch. Teachers should not award attendance points for this practice.

You reap what you sow. If you can learn the material and complete the homework without leaving the margins of your bedroom, then go for it. We do not care? Tuition fees have already been paid. You will find out on the day of the test whether your learning process is effective or not. Bad grade? Try going to your conference. Another bad grade? It is more than your presence.

Dr. Lynn Herrmann, associate professor of public health and health education in the NIU School of Health Studies, takes a more balanced approach to the topic. She understands that this is not a problem. “You pay tuition, I don’t see why you wouldn’t want to come to class,” Herrmann said. “You wouldn’t pay for food and pick up.”

That being said, she understands, things happen. Send an email; All is well. What’s not so cool is when it becomes habitual. It’s the chronic absences that will raise eyebrows, requiring legitimate documentation to relax them, especially if the professor wants to give you a hard time.

Before you turn off your morning alarms, it would be an injustice not to recognize the clear and directly proportional relationship between class attendance and student performance.

write for Macmillan Apprenticeship, Jeff Bergin and Lisa Ferarra write that course attendance provides non-content-specific contextual information that would otherwise not be found in a textbook. Simply put, literally listening to your teacher’s lecture helps you digest the material, no surprises. Getting to class also helps you stay on track with what’s expected. Having a poor memory myself, I find hearing reminders from my teacher about upcoming homework and exams during class to be super helpful and much easier to understand than a hidden NIUBb-NoReply email in my Outlook.

While there are definitely pros, there are definitely downsides. In the age of pandemics, I should be allowed to stay home if I’m not feeling well, just as I hope my peers will do the same. However, professors who only allow excused absences upon receipt of a doctor’s note aren’t just embarrassing — they’re classist. The reality is that seeking medical care can be expensive, even with health insurance. Not everyone has the financial freedom to see a doctor all the time.

Although Dr. Herrmann makes an excellent point in that the existence of documents generally serves to protect the student in the event of a professor-student conflict. Either way, the professors shouldn’t make me pay for an expensive piece of paper to miss class, nor do I think I owe them an explanation in the first place.

National Wildlife Agency Imposes New Limits on Bowhunting in Northeastern Oregon


The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife is imposing new limits on archery elk hunting in northeast Oregon.

People wishing to purchase a tag from the state agency to hunt elk with a bow will now be subject to a controlled system, based on a seasonal quota, similar to the limits placed on elk hunters who use guns. Previously, archers could be assured of getting a tag almost anywhere in Oregon during the elk hunting season that began August 27 and ended September 25 of this year.

Elk bowhunting in Oregon will face some restrictions this year. Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife officials say the change is necessary to meet state wildlife management goals after many hunters have switched from rifles to bows in recent years.

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Service

Jeremy Thompson, district wildlife biologist for the department, says the change is needed to meet state wildlife management goals after many hunters switched from guns to bows.

“As we began to put in place controls for rifle hunters in the 1990s with the adoption of our first elk management plan, that’s when we saw this transition of many of our hunters to archery,” he said.

“So we kind of created the monster, if you will, by changing the regulations for rifle hunters.”

Thompson also noted that to maintain a successful breeding season, there should be a minimum of 10 elk bulls for every 100 elk cows.

Now, wildlife officials are hoping that placing limits for archer hunters in 13 units, or wildlife management limits, will allow more elk bulls to reach breeding maturity.

But Mike Slinkard, archery hunter and resident of John Day, disagrees with this strategy. He thinks wildlife officials should instead focus on placing limits on nonresident hunters who travel from places like California to hunt elk.

“All they really should have done was put in some kind of non-resident quota. And that would have completely solved the problems here,” Slinkard said.

Slinkard also attributes the motivation behind the new limits to the “jealousy” of rifle hunters who have been subject to quotas for decades, unlike their bow hunter counterparts.

“And I get that, I really do. But the fact is that archery is still a primitive weapon, and our success rate is a fraction of that of rifle hunters,” he said.

So far, the new restrictions don’t seem to dampen interest from northeast Oregon bowhunters. The 12,000 hunting tags the state has allocated for controlled archery hunting this season have already been purchased, according to Thompson.

Jeremy Thomspon and Mike Slinkard sat down with ‘Think Out Loud’ host Dave Miller. Click play to listen to the full conversation:

Space Council discusses regulation of STEM, human spaceflight and commercial space – SpacePolicyOnline.com


Yesterday, Vice President Kamala Harris chaired a second meeting of the White House National Space Council. As in the first meeting, STEM education was one of the three main topics. The other two were NASA’s manned spaceflight program and the creation of regulations for new commercial space activities. No major decisions were announced, but a White House Framework for STEM Education and Space Workforce Development was released and several tasks were assigned to Council members.

Held at NASA’s Johnson Space Center, home of NASA’s Astronaut Corps and International Space Station Mission Control, Harris spoke first with the three American astronauts aboard the ISS: Kjell Lindgren , Jessica Watkins and Bob Hines. Harris has a strong interest in climate change and most of the conversation has revolved around how seeing Earth from space changes one’s perspective. They also discussed the role of the ISS as a microgravity research laboratory.

The conversation ended abruptly when the ISS passed out of range. The vice president had arrived at mission control several minutes late according to the schedule published by her office.

The Space Council meeting later in the day reviewed actions taken since the December meeting. STEM education, climate change, including NASA’s role in Earth science research, and setting international standards for behavior in space were the topics then.

Yesterday Harris again hailed the Artemis Accords as an example of standards of behavior that have been signed by 21 nations to date. Assistant Secretary of State Monica Medina announced that the United States, France and Brazil will host a meeting of these signatories in conjunction with the International Astronautical Congress in Paris later this month.

Harris also said the United States would introduce a resolution to the United Nations General Assembly later this month calling on other countries to join the US pledge not to conduct destructive direct-ascent anti-satellite tests. . She made the pledge on behalf of the United States in April following Russia’s November 2021 ASAT test that created thousands of pieces of debris. So far, Canada and New Zealand are the only countries to agree.

Yesterday, STEM education was again on the agenda and the subject of the first panel. The theme was building the aerospace workforce of the future and featured Pablo Banda, a high school teacher from Milby High School in Houston, Harold Martin, Chancellor of North Carolina A&T State University, and Healther Volk, CEO of Special Aerospace Services. The White House released a fact sheet on “Commitments to Inspire, Prepare and Employ the Space Workforce” and the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) issued a Interagency roadmap to support space-related STEM education and workforce.

Harris suggests three STEM-related tasks for Board members:

  • the Ministry of Education must create a plan within 90 days to set up a new STEM office in the ministry;
  • The OSTP must list and align all space-related investments and partnerships between the federal government and colleges and universities within 120 days; and
  • NASA, DOD and the Department of Commerce must recommend a plan within 180 days to ensure the space program is included in federal programs like Made in USA.

The second panel, on manned spaceflight, focused on the ISS and what’s next. Harris praised the ISS, particularly the biomedical research taking place there, and reiterated the United States’ commitment to extending operations through 2030 while acknowledging that it won’t last forever. . Dr. Arun Sharma of Cedars-Sinai spoke to the Council about the stem cell research he conducts on the ISS, while Karina Drees, president of the Commercial Spaceflight Federation, endorsed NASA’s partnership with the industry private sector to build future commercial space stations. Drees stressed that it is “critical to avoid a gap” between the ISS and commercial space stations, or commercial LEO destinations (CLDs) as NASA calls them, in order to “counter the influence and growing Chinese capabilities in the space arena”. ”

Harris promised that the administration is committed to ensuring that NASA can continue to conduct scientific research in low Earth orbit.

And as we’ll discuss more today, our administration remains committed to ensuring that NASA retains the ability to conduct cutting-edge research in space…

She also got excited about the Artemis lunar program. She was at Kennedy Space Center on August 29 for the attempted launch of the Artemis I test flight around the Moon, although the launch was canceled. She is undeterred and speaks enthusiastically of the landing of the first woman and the first person of color on the Moon. (The launch was canceled again on September 3. NASA is targeting September 23 or 27 for the next attempt.)

Harris assigned three tasks to Council members regarding manned spaceflight:

  • NASA to develop plan for new National Microgravity Laboratory as part of transition from ISS to commercial space stations;
  • NASA must finalize a plan for an initial lunar surface architecture within 150 days, taking into account commercial and international partnerships; and
  • the Department of Transportation (DOT) is to identify interim measures within the next year to utilize existing authorities to ensure human safety in spaceflight.

The DOT regulates commercial manned flight through the FAA’s Office of Commercial Space Transportation. By law, companies carrying private passengers into space are only required to obtain “informed consent” from the customer, and the FAA does not have the right to promulgate additional regulations for a period of time. This period has been extended several times and currently expires next year.

The third panel focused on the issue of creating a clear, consistent and flexible regulatory regime for new commercial space activities, as summarized in a separate SpacePolicyOnline.com article. Harris’ task to the Council in this regard is for all Council members to submit to him a proposal to authorize and oversee new commercial space activities within 180 days.

At the end, Harris announced that General Lester Lyles (ret.) is the new chair of the Space Council’s User Advisory Group, succeeding Admiral Jim Ellis (ret.). The other members of the UAG will be announced later.

The quick two-hour meeting left no time for unscripted conversations. NASA Administrator Bill Nelson, General James Dickinson, Commander of US Space Command, and Alondra Nelson, Acting Director of OSTP were there, but most Council members sent deputies or other alternates. .

Participants at the National Space Council meeting at Johnson Space Center, Texas, Sept. 9, 2022. Vice President Harris is in the center. NASA Administrator Bill Nelson is to his left (right in this screenshot). The camera view does not show all participants.

The Office of the Vice-President did not provide a list of participants, but according to the introductions it made, the following were among the Council members or their representatives present (roughly in speaking order ):

  • Bill Nelson, NASA Administrator
  • Tanya Trujillo, Assistant Secretary, Ministry of Interior
  • Jewel Bronaugh, Assistant Secretary, Department of Agriculture
  • Don Graves, Assistant Secretary, Department of Commerce
  • Monica Medina, Assistant Secretary, Department of State
  • Nani Coloretti, Deputy Director, Office of Management and Budget
  • Alondra Nelson, Acting Director, Office of Science and Technology Policy
  • Cindy Martin, Undersecretary, Department of Education
  • Heidi Shyu, Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, Ministry of Defense
  • Chike Aguh, Director of Innovation, Ministry of Labor
  • Polly Trottenberg, Assistant Secretary, Ministry of Transport
  • Stacey Dixon, Deputy Director, Office of the Director of National Intelligence
  • General James Dickinson, Commander of US Space Command
  • John Tien, Assistant Secretary, Department of Homeland Security

Jessica Rosenworcel, Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission, was also a participant.

Lycoming County and others to receive $1.2 million in grants in hopes of improving parks | News, Sports, Jobs


State Sen. Gene Yaw of R-Loyalsock Township announced Thursday that Lycoming County and three other counties are receiving nearly $1.2 million in recreation and conservation grants from the Department of Conservation and state natural resources.

“This funding will prove critical to enhancing our recreation opportunities and conservation goals here in the 23rd Senate District,” Yaw said, according to the press release. “Our natural landscapes attract visitors from all over and this investment in our communities will pay dividends for years to come. »

The former Township of Lycoming will receive $107,100 to develop Lycoming Creek, including the rehabilitation of approximately 2.12 miles of trail between Highway 15 and Lycoming Creek Road. Trout Run Park in Lewis Township will receive $70,000 for a pedestrian walkway, pavilion and other improvements, according to the news release.

Williamsport will receive $70,000 to prepare a comprehensive recreation, park, greenspace and green infrastructure plan, while Montoursville will receive $69,600 to rehabilitate and expand Indian Park, including the installation of play equipment with the required safety coatings and other improvements.

Lycoming Biology Field Station will receive $59,200 to construct approximately 16 acres of riparian forest buffers along Loyalsock Creek in the Susquehanna River watershed and Chesapeake Conservancy Inc. will receive $79,900 to prepare watershed conservation plans for three waterways, including Pine Run in Lycoming County.

Other projects include walkways and improvements to War Memorial Park in Canton, improvements to Kidsburg Park and Hufnagle Park in Lewisburg, and a feasibility study for work on the Mifflinburg Community Pool.

The state Department of Conservation and Natural Resources has distributed $90 million to more than 330 projects statewide to create new recreational opportunities, conserve natural resources and revitalize communities, according to the release. hurry.

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Upcoming closure of recreational and subsistence shrimp fishing in Prince William Sound


The following is courtesy of the Alaska Department of Fish and Game:

Prince William Sound Sport and Subsistence Shrimp Season Closure Reminder and Harvest Reports

(Prince William Sound) – The Alaska Department of Fish and Game (ADF&G) would like to remind anglers that the 2022 Prince William Sound Non-Commercial Shrimp (Sport and Subsistence) season ends by rule at 11:59 p.m. Thursday September 15, 2022.

All Prince William Sound shrimp harvest and effort information is important and must be reported online no later than October 15, 2022. Reporting is mandatory whether a license holder has gone shrimp fishing or not. Prompt and accurate catch reports are necessary for the management of this fishery. Returning permits by mail or hand delivery is no longer an acceptable means of reporting.

Beginning in 2022, if you do not submit your Prince William Sound Sport or Subsistence Harvest Report online by the October 15 reporting deadline, you will lose fishing privileges in the Prince William Non-Commercial Shrimp Fishery Sound in 2023. If you have questions about online crop reporting or need assistance, please contact your local ADF&G office.

For more information on the PWS Sport Shrimp pot fishery, please contact Area Management Biologist Jay Baumer in Anchorage at (907) 267-2265. For more information on the PWS subsistence shrimp trap fishery, please contact Area Management Biologist Jan Rumble in Homer at (907) 235-8191.

Previous psychological distress linked to ‘long COVID’ conditions


Editor’s Note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and advice in Medscape’s Coronavirus Resource Center.

Experiencing psychological distress before becoming infected with SARS-CoV-2 is linked to an increased risk of post-COVID conditions often referred to as “long COVID”, according to new research.

In an analysis of nearly 55,000 adult participants in three ongoing studies, with the Depression, anxiety, worry, perceived stress, or loneliness early in the pandemic, before SARS-CoV-2 infection, were associated with a 50% increased risk of developing long-lasting COVID. These types of psychological distress were also associated with a 15% to 51% increased risk of impaired daily living in people with long-lasting COVID.

Psychological distress was even more strongly associated with the development of long COVID than physical health risk factors – and the increased risk was not explained by health behaviors such as smoking or physical comorbidities, note the researchers.

“Our findings suggest the need to consider psychological health in addition to physical health as risk factors for long COVID-19,” said lead author Siwen Wang, MD, postdoctoral fellow, Department of Nutrition, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts. , Told Medscape Medical News.

“We need to raise awareness of the importance of mental health and focus on getting mental health care to people who need it, by increasing the number of mental health clinicians and improving access to care,” she said.

The conclusions were published online September 7 to JAMA Psychiatry.

“Very little understood”

Post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 (“long COVID”), which are “signs and symptoms consistent with COVID-19 that extend beyond 4 weeks from the onset of infection “constitute “an emerging health problem”, write the investigators.

Wang noted that eight to 23 million Americans have been estimated to have developed long COVID. However, “despite the high prevalence and daily life impairments associated with long COVID, it is still poorly understood and few risk factors have been established,” she said.

Although psychological distress may be implicated in long COVID, only three previous studies have investigated psychological factors as potential contributors, the researchers note. Additionally, no studies have investigated the potential role of other common manifestations of distress that have increased during the pandemic, such as loneliness and perceived stress, they add.

To investigate these questions, the researchers turned to three large ongoing longitudinal studies: the Nurses’ Health Study II (NSHII), the Nurses’ Health study 3 (NHS3), and the Growing Up Today Study (GUTS).

They analyzed data from a total of 54,960 participants (96.6% female; mean age, 57.5 years). Of the group as a whole, 38% were active healthcare workers.

Participants completed an online COVID-19 questionnaire from April 2020 to September 1, 2020 (baseline) and monthly surveys thereafter. Beginning in August 2020, surveys were administered quarterly. The end of follow-up was in November 2021.

The COVID questionnaires included questions about positive SARS-CoV-2 test results, COVID symptoms and hospitalization since March 1, 2020, and the presence of long-term COVID symptoms, such as fatigue, breathing problems, persistent cough, muscle/joint/chest pain, smell/taste problems, confusion/disorientation/brain fog, depression/anxiety/mood changes, headacheand memory problems.

Participants who reported these post-COVID conditions were asked about the frequency of symptoms and the degree of impairment in daily living.

Inflammation, immune dysregulation involved?

The Patient Health Questionnaire-4 (PHQ-4) was used to assess symptoms of anxiety and depression over the past 2 weeks. It consists of a two-item measure of depression (PHQ-2) and a two-item measure Generalized anxiety disorder Scale (GAD-2).

Non-caregiver providers completed two additional assessments of psychological distress: the four-item Perceived Stress Scale and the three-item UCLA Loneliness Scale.

Researchers included demographic factors, weight, smoking status, marital status, and medical conditions, including diabetes, hypertensionhypercholesterolemia, asthmadiabetes and cancer, and socioeconomic factors as covariates.

For each participant, the investigators calculated the number of types of distress felt high, including likely depression, likely anxiety, worry about COVID-19, being in the top quartile of perceived stress and loneliness.

During 19 months of follow-up (1-47 weeks post baseline), 6% of respondents reported a positive SARS-CoV-2 antibody, antigen, or polymerase chain reaction test result.

Of these, 43.9% reported long COVID conditions, with most reporting that symptoms lasted 2 months or more; 55.8% declared at least an occasional alteration in daily life.

The most common post-COVID conditions were fatigue (reported by 56%), loss of smell or taste problems (44.6%), shortness of breath (25.5%), confusion/disorientation / brain fog (24.5%) and memory problems (21.8%).

Among patients who had been infected, there was a significantly higher rate of psychological distress before infection after adjusting for sociodemographic factors, health behaviors and comorbidities. Each type of distress was associated with post-COVID conditions.

Psychological distress Relative risk (95% CI)
Probable depression 1.32 (1.12 – 1.55)
Likely anxiety 1.42 (1.23 – 1.65)
Worrying about COVID-19 1.37 (1.17 – 1.61)
Perceived stress (highest quartile vs lowest quartile) 1.46 (1.18 – 1.81)
Solitude 1.32 (1.08 – 1.61)

Additionally, participants who had experienced two or more types of distress prior to infection had an almost 50% increased risk of post-COVID conditions (hazard ratio [RR], 1.49; 95% CI, 1.23 – 1.80).

Among people with post-COVID conditions, all types of distress were associated with an increased risk of impaired daily living (RR range, 1.15 – 1.51).

Lead author Andrea Roberts, PhD, principal investigator at the Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, noted that the investigators did not examine the biological mechanisms potentially underlying the association they found.

However, “based on previous research, it may be that inflammation and immune dysregulation related to psychological distress play a role in the association of distress with long COVID, but we cannot be sure” , Roberts said.

Contribute to the field

Commenting for Medscape Medical NewsYapeng Su, PhD, a postdoctoral researcher at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Washington, called the study “great work contributing to the long COVID research field and revealing important links” with psychological stress before infection. .

Su, who was not involved in the study, was previously at the Institute for Systems Biology writing about the long COVID.

He noted that “the biological mechanism of such an intriguing linkage is certainly the next important step, which will likely require extensive phenotyping of biological samples from these patients longitudinally.”

Wang pointed to previous research suggesting that some patients with mental illness “sometimes develop autoantibodies that have also been associated with an increased risk of long-term COVID.” Additionally, depression “affects the brain in ways that may explain some cognitive symptoms in long COVID,” she added.

More studies are now needed to understand how psychological distress increases the risk of prolonged COVID, Wang said.

The research was supported by grants from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Dean’s Fund for Scientific Advancement Acceleration Award, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Massachusetts Consortium on Pathogen Readiness Evergrande COVID-19 Response Fund Award and Veterans Health Services Research and Development Service funds. Wang and Roberts reported no relevant financial relationship. Revelations from other investigators are listed in the original article. Su does not report any relevant financial relationship.

JAMA Psychiatry. Published online September 7, 2022. Full article

Batya Swift Yasgur, MA, LSW, is a freelance writer with a consulting firm in Teaneck, NJ. She is a regular contributor to numerous medical publications, including Medscape and WebMD, and is the author of several consumer health books as well as Behind the Burqa: Our Lives in Afghanistan and How We Escaped to Freedom (the memoirs of two brave Afghan sisters who told her their story).

For more information about Medscape Psychiatry, join us on Facebook and Twitter.

Researchers develop tool to help poultry farmers take full advantage of solar technology


Jessica Wesson

Michael Popp, professor of agricultural economics and agribusiness, explained how producers could use the Poultry Solar Assessment (PSA) tool. The PSA tool helps growers make decisions about using solar power in their operations.

Poultry producers considering using renewable energy on their farms will have a free tool this fall to help them determine if solar power is right for them.

Yi Liang, an associate professor of biological and agricultural engineering and a researcher at the Poultry Science Center of Excellence, conducted solar energy research in 2021 on an Arkansas poultry production operation and found that this offered significant savings.

The poultry farmer has saved more than 90 percent on his annual electricity expenses, Liang said. He only paid account fees — between $15 and $25 a month — for 11 out of 12 months of utility bills in 2021.

The initial investment in solar technology varies from farm to farm. Michael Popp, a professor of agricultural economics and agribusiness at the Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station, said it could be a costly undertaking, but one that can help a grower’s bottom line in the long run.

The Agricultural Experiment Station is the research arm of the Agriculture Division of the U of A System. The Center of Excellence for Poultry Science includes both the research and extension activities of the division.

“We analyzed poultry farm installations that cost between $250,000 and $600,000 to install,” Popp said. The total associated profit over 30 years in today’s dollars ranged from $75,000 to $280,000 for these size facilities.

“What you’re doing is replacing part of your electricity bill with known upfront costs. You know how much electricity you’re going to produce; you know your depreciation, insurance, interest, and tax costs. land when you install,” he said. “Thus, solar panels reduce your exposure to electricity cost volatility.”

Their analysis included tax credits and, to a much lesser extent, grants from REAP, the Rural Energy for America program.

Help with the decision

The data inspired Popp and Liang to develop an online decision support software tool to help growers assess whether solar power is feasible for their farms. Popp said he wants the Solar Poultry Rating Tool to be available for download in October.

“The Poultry Solar Assessment Tool uses farm-specific information to estimate system size as well as appropriate electricity rates based on the last 12 months’ electricity bill information,” said said Popp. “The user can then choose the financing terms, as well as how long they think it would take to realize the income tax savings.”

Popp has developed a suite of decision support tools that help Arkansas farmers easily analyze the benefits and values ​​of the choices they face in each segment of the state’s agricultural industry. They are available for free download at agribusiness.uark.edu/decision-support-software.

Solar radiation

Poultry Science Physiologists Liang and Walter Bottje hosted an educational program in July to launch the Poultry Solar Rating Tool and share the benefits of using solar energy in poultry production.

“Adding solar technology is a way to reduce production costs and replace the fossil fuels associated with power generation with a renewable resource – the sun,” Popp said at the event. “Doing this in a cost-effective way, given current government tax benefits, is an added benefit.”

As part of the program, Marvin Childers, President of The Poultry Federation, gave a presentation on net metering and the legislation surrounding solar energy in Arkansas.

Net metering is a method of billing electric utility customers who use both electricity generated by their own renewable energy, such as solar panels, as well as electricity supplied by a power company. When a customer produces more electricity than it consumes, the excess energy is transmitted to the company’s grid, where it is used by other customers. The customer is credited for the excess energy that he has transmitted to the company’s electrical grid.

“Additional feature of Arkansas’ net meter policy includes meter aggregation, which means customers can clear all meters under their name using a solar panel. This is attractive to agricultural producers because they have meters for different operations and in different places,” Liang said. .

Liang said the Center of Excellence for Poultry Science is planning another solar information event in the fall. This will be a new opportunity to understand the technical and economic aspects of solar technology and to ask questions about it.

Educational Notes: CSC Acquires Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Unit – PANHANDLE


“We were fortunate to receive the grant through EPSCoR and to receive a 20% matching grant through the CSC Research Institute,” Tibbits said.

Thanks to this support, the Geoscience program purchased an Olympus Vanta XRF unit.

Tibbits explained that the unit ejects an X-ray which excites electrons. The atoms of the analyzed material emit a specific light. The unit reads and displays the specific light frequencies that correspond to a specific mineral or element. The XRF can produce precise and accurate chemical data in less than a minute.

“Our unit has two different energy levels, which gives a better picture. It allows us to see a wider range of elements on the periodic table. It’s a really good feature to have when watching unknowns,” Tibbits

The unit is safe to use by students as the x-ray is focused on the object being scanned and when it is not touching a sample the unit shuts off. Leite and Tibbits also purchased a benchtop stand with a leaded chamber for analyzing materials in the classroom or lab.

Leite took the pXRF unit to Field Camp this summer where Kaitlyn Smith of Hackberry, Arizona collected rocks and data for her research on the Capstone II course.

During this academic year, Brady McDaniel of Chadron and Rowdy Pfeil of Moorcroft, Wyoming will use the pXRF unit to analyze items in CSC’s collections.

“Rowdy will analyze and confirm the identifications on our meteorite collection. He’s going to make sure that our irons are iron and our stone irons are, in fact, stone irons,” Tibbits said. “Brady is going to go through some museum collections and make sure we understand a little better what we have and check that everything is correctly identified.”

Tibbits used a pXRF unit during his thesis in Belize.

“It was one of the cornerstones of how I was able to analyze granite. Compared to the old way of grinding the stone, doing all kinds of time-consuming and expensive sample preparation, and waiting results from a remote lab, we can now find data almost instantly and leave the material untouched, if necessary,” she said. “Within seconds, you can get full chemical production on n any solid material. This device is very precise.

Tibbits and Leite plan to expand the use of the pXRF unit, sharing it with faculty and students in the Rangeland program.

“It can produce good results on soil cores and soil samples from magnesium through uranium,” Tibbits said.

CHADRON — Chadron State College was represented at the 2022 Nebraska Institutional Development Award Program (IDeA) Networks of Biomedical Research Excellence (INBRE) conference in Nebraska City, Nebraska, last month.

CSC student Emmanuella Tchona and CSC alum Dr. Nisha Durand made presentations, while alum Isioma Akwanamnye received the award INBRE James Turpen Scholarship. Professor Dr. Ann Buchmann, INBRE student mentor, also attended the conference.

Although CSC student Joshua Kruse conducted summer research as an INBRE student, he was unable to present at the conference.

Tchona gave a presentation on his research aimed at an effective treatment for schistosomiasis, a disease caused by a parasitic worm that affects 250 million people.

She said one-eighth of the world’s population is at risk of infection and there is only one cure available, praziquantel, which has several shortcomings.

“Praziquantel is rarely curative, has a short half-life, and is only effective against the youngest developmental stage of the worm,” she said.

His research this summer focused on developing a compound that is effective against the developmental stages of the parasite (young and adult), curative, and has a reasonable half-life, or duration of effectiveness.

Tchona said the INBRE summer program was crucial to learn more about research and the lives of graduates.

“It’s something I would recommend to all science students, whether or not they want to pursue a PhD. There are other options. Everything you learn in your preparatory classes will make sense and you will see the direct application of science. You will learn critical thinking and the beauty of failure. I recommend INBRE one hundred percent,” said Tchona.

Durand introduced the topic Becoming a Cell Therapy Process Development Scientist. She explained her work developing cultured cells for use in clinical therapies at the Mayo Clinic Center for Regenerative Medicine and her journey from Dominica to a career in science in the United States.

She is a Principal Research Technologist and Director of Operations at the Human Cellular Therapy Lab-Center for Regenerative Medicine at Mayo Clinic in Florida. She is responsible for the development of processes and techniques in support of all phases of cell product development and stem cell production in support of Phase I clinical trials.

Durand earned a bachelor’s degree in human biology from CSC in 2012 and later earned a doctorate in biochemistry and molecular biology from the Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences in 2017.

Akwanamnye received the James Turpen INBRE Award in recognition of his dedication and research efforts.

“Receiving the award is a great feeling. Dr. Buchmann has been a supportive teacher and mentor, trusting me to work on the project for the past two years and patiently resolving any issues with the project with me. wouldn’t be who or where I am without my mentors who took the time to teach me and help me become the person I am today,” Akwanamnye said.

Akwanamnye joined the INBRE program in April 2020 during the pandemic. She said she was able to conduct significant research with Buchmann, working on a triple-negative breast cancer project with fellow CSC student Lelisse Umeta.

Akwanamnye will continue his graduate studies at Case Western University and work on cancer immunotherapy. Eventually, she plans to return to her native Nigeria to help improve scientific research there.

Buchmann said Akwanamnye is smart, dedicated, enthusiastic and hardworking.

“She has the desire and drive to make a real difference in the scientific world here and in Nigeria,” Buchmann said.

Buchmann said it was a privilege to watch his students grow into confident professionals in scientific fields.

CHADRON — A paper co-authored by Chadron State College Assistant Professor Dr. Elizabeth Kraatz has appeared in the July issue of Theory Into Practice. The peer-reviewed journal is designed for teachers and administrators to support the application of educational research to educational practice.

In the abstract studyKraatz, and co-authors Jacqueline von Spiegel, Robin Sayers, and Anna C. Brady, write that the article’s goal is to highlight the benefits of controversial classroom conversations and describe instructional approaches that facilitate conversations. Effective controversy.

Although controversial topics can be uncomfortable for teachers to include in class discussions, Kraatz and colleagues write that there are significant cognitive and socio-emotional benefits to engaging in class discussions about controversial topics.

The authors write that teachers’ support of students in respectful discussions is crucial in helping them develop skills such as problem-solving, critical thinking, and the ability to look at problems from multiple angles. They continue that these skills can enable students to achieve larger goals, such as serving on civic boards and commissions.

Kraatz and his co-authors first identify important factors teachers need to consider to support effective and beneficial controversial conversations. Then they provide sample conversation topics suitable for students of different ages. Finally, they examine how conversational structure, scaffolding, classroom context, relationships, and individual student differences can shape controversial conversations.

Kraatz teaches courses in psychology, educational psychology, and developmental psychology. Before joining the CSC faculty in Fall 2021she taught adult education classes in Ohio for several years and earned a Ph.D. in Educational Psychology from Ohio State.

A newly discovered law of physics could help predict genetic mutations


The finding could have massive implications for future developments in genome research, evolutionary biology, computing, big data, physics and cosmology, according to A press release published by the university in July.

Changes in gene sequences in the DNA of living things, including viruses, lead to genetic mutations. These mutations cause permanent changes in the DNA sequence of the gene, which have been crucial for human evolution over time.

However, spontaneous non-inherited genetic disorders can sometimes develop due to mutations and be passed on to an individual’s offspring.

These mutations can be difficult to predict early on. In recent years, researchers have begun to use machine learning to improve our ability to anticipate the possibility of such genetic changes.

“If the second law of thermodynamics states that entropy must remain constant or increase over time, I thought maybe the information entropy would be the same,” Dr. Vopson said.

“But what Dr. Lepadatu and I found was the exact opposite – it decreases over time. The second law of information dynamics works exactly in opposition to the second law of thermodynamics,” he said. added.

According to Dr. Vopson, this could lead to genetic mutations in biological organisms.

Dr Vopson, co-author of this study with Dr Serban Lepadatu from the University of Central Lancashire, studies information systems ranging from a laptop disk to DNA and RNA in organisms living.

Covid-19 review

Vopson and the team also looked at COVID-19 genomes as part of their research.

Marco Island Charter Middle School welcomes new teachers and staff | Community


The new school year has brought new educators to Marco Island Charter Middle School.

Erika Thompson

Erika Thompson – Eighth Grade Complete Science Three

University education:

BS Biology, Augusta State University.

How long have you worked with the Collier County Public School System and what is your previous teaching experience? Five years as an educator: one at Lely High School teaching marine science and integrated science at AICE, one at East Naples Middle School as an assistant math teacher, and three years at the University of Florida, Fisheries and Aquatic Science Complementary Education Program.

What brings you to MICMS? I wanted to work in a school that felt more like a family. I found it here.

Why did you enter teaching and what do you find enjoyable and fulfilling in the profession? My favorite aspect of teaching is my interactions with students. They are often so quick-witted and full of humor. They surprise me daily with their unique ideas and creativity.

Family: I have two sons, Riley, seven, and Wyatt, six, and an eight-year-old Boston Terrier named Milo.

Hometown: Sylvania, Georgia.

Hobby: Play guitar, piano and flute. I love reading, I love the outdoors and I love naps.

If not an educator, what could your profession have been? A fisheries biologist.

Touria Friedhoff

Touria Friedhoff

Touria Friedhoff – Sixth Grade English Language Arts

University education:

A bachelor’s degree in English linguistics.

How long have you worked with the Collier County Public School System and what is your previous teaching experience? First year. I just made the switch after 28 years in the corporate world.

What brings you to MICMS? A great school where each student has the chance to shine.

Why did you enter teaching and what do you find enjoyable and fulfilling in the profession? I would like to give back to this community that I have called home since 2005. Helping students reach their full potential.

Family: Married to Denis for 17 years. Children: Sophia, 16, and Sarah, 13.

Hometown: Rabat, Morocco.

Hobby: Travel, reading, poetry.

If not an educator, what could your profession have been? Museum curator in Paris.

Kelly Joy Onanien

Kelly Joy Onanien

Kelly Joy Onanian – Eighth Grade English Language Arts

University education: BS in Journalism – Emerson College, Boston. A master’s degree in English teaching from the University of Massachusetts at Dartmouth.

How long have you worked with the Collier County Public School System and what is your previous teaching experience? Twelve years out of Collier County – glad to be here! He first taught in various towns on the “Southcoast” of Massachusetts, including Rochester and Fairhaven. Nine years teaching at Rising Tide Charter Middle School in Plymouth, Massachusetts.

What brings you to MICMS? A few years ago, a serious knee injury literally knocked me out of physical class. During this time, I moved back to Florida while running my own college coaching business. Last spring, I inquired about an ad I saw for writing tutors at MICMS, but it turned out to be a misleading ad for a school in Miami. What a happy accident! (Director of MICMS) Michele Wheeler kindly invited me to learn more about the opening of ELA and to visit the school. Now that I’m physically able to handle the demands of “in-person” classroom instruction again, the timing couldn’t have been better.

Why did you enter teaching and what do you find enjoyable and fulfilling in the profession? Long story short, I was a journalist in my early career and did my share of educational reporting in the Boston area. I realized that I would rather be part of the solution regarding problems in schools (and other areas), than just explaining them. I have also volunteered in schools and enjoy working with our young people. I started replacing and immediately knew it was the right career move.

There are so many things that are rewarding and enjoyable about teaching. I enjoy making my classroom a patient and welcoming environment that encourages students to challenge themselves and participate fully. It is not an easy task but rewarding when I see students taking responsibility for their own learning, progressing and gaining the confidence to contribute their ideas, questions and opinions. It is especially gratifying to see students fully appreciate the time and hard work put into reading, writing, and research. These are areas that students seem to be less interested in these days and that worries me, so when I see a glimmer of interest and students setting and achieving goals, it makes all the hard work worthwhile!

Family: My husband Scott and I have a beautifully blended family of three children, seven grandchildren and our amazing Cavapoo, Captain!

Hometown: Bradenton, Florida.

Hobby: Swimming, pickleball, travel, anything beach related, boating, and most importantly spending quality time with my family and friends.

If not an educator, what could your profession have been? I was a journalist before teaching and I still enjoy writing, especially human interest stories. I also thought about the US Coast Guard when I was younger and, as my students know, I love animals. I saw myself running my own dog shelter. Honestly, I have so many interests. Who knows what the future holds, but right now I’m exactly where I want and need to be.

Jill Hammond

Jill Hammond

Jill Hammond – Seventh and Eighth Grade Mathematics

University education:

Bachelor of Science in Education and Master of Education, both from The Ohio State University.

How long have you worked with the Collier County Public School System and what is your previous teaching experience? This is my 11th year teaching full time, including three years in Collier County. I was a substitute teacher for two years in the Columbus, Ohio area, then I taught for five years in Rio Rico, Arizona and for three years in Pickerington, Ohio. I took four years off from teaching (somewhat replaced in Pataskala, Ohio) and then moved here in May 2020.

What brings you to MICMS? Students and staff, and the reputation that precedes the school! It is an absolute honor to teach here.

Why did you enter teaching and what do you find enjoyable and fulfilling in the profession? I wanted to be a teacher since third grade because of my wonderful teacher, Mrs. Myers. I find it most rewarding to help students understand something they didn’t understand before.

Family: Married to Joseph for 17 years. No children and no pets.

Hometown: Mount Gilead, Ohio.

Hobby: Sewing, crafting, decorating our house, spending time with my husband traveling to distant places, on our boat or at home.

If not an educator, what could your profession have been? I probably would have been an accountant or maybe even done something with houses, like real estate or interior design.

matt huneke

matt huneke

Matt Huneke – Dean of Discipline and Athletics

University education: I have an associate’s degree in business administration and a bachelor’s degree in education, with a major in history, from Kean University in New Jersey and a master’s degree in sports administration from the University of Miami.

How long have you worked with the Collier County Public School System and what is your previous teaching experience? This is my ninth year teaching, all this time spent in Collier County. I previously worked in sales before changing careers in 2014.

What brings you to MICMS? I am a resident of Marco Island who truly believes this is one of the best places to live in the country. Working at MICMS gives me the opportunity to have a positive impact on our community through education and athletics.

Why did you enter teaching and what do you find enjoyable and fulfilling in the profession? Honestly, I got into the profession because of the schedule. My wife and I had two young children at the time and she traveled a week a month for work. Teaching has provided me with a stable salary and a flexible schedule. Once I started teaching, my passion for athletics and connecting with students in the classroom and on the field ignited.

Family: My wife, Katie, and our three boys, Grady, Finn and Ty.

Hometown: Toms River, New Jersey.

Hobby: Anything related to sports. If there is a golf outing in the area, I most likely play there, play tennis at the Y, shoot hoops at Mackle, run to practices and college/recreational league events, I plays men’s league softball Thursday nights at Winterberry Park, Sundays at Residence Beach or on the boat with a line in the water.

If not an educator, what could your profession have been? Something sports-related, maybe working in the front office of a professional sports team or professional sports league, like the PGA Tour.

Bahrain building

Bahrain building

Bahrain is a small country with a large population. Both have grown in size over the past few decades.

Since the early 1980s, the population of this Texas-sized island nation in the Persian Gulf has quadrupled. In 2022, it reached 1.5 million. As population density has increased and urban development has spread, land requirements have increased.

“Like other countries in the [Persian] Gulf, rapid population growth and concurrent increase in urbanization, along with land scarcity, have prompted Bahrain to invest in mega land reclamation projects to expand its coastline,” said Eman Ghoneim, physical geographer at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.

These images show changes over 35 years. The first image was captured by the Thematic Mapper on Landsat 5 on August 17, 1987. The second image, captured by the Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat 8, shows the same area on August 17, 2022.

In 1987, the island of Bahrain had just been connected to Saudi Arabia via the King Fahd Causeway, which opened in 1986. In July 2022, a record number of 2.5 million passengers from Motor vehicles traveled the 25-kilometre (16-mile) stretch of road, according to reports.

The change is most apparent in the north of the country, where shallow coastal waters have made it technically and economically feasible to build new land from the seabed. Notice the expansion in area of ​​existing islands, as well as the addition of new ones.

Sabah Aljenaid, a geographic information systems and remote sensing specialist at Arabian Gulf University, used Landsat imagery to classify land changes between 1986 and 2020. Aljenaid and his colleagues found that built-up areas (urban) dominated the changes over this period, increasing by an average of 7.5% each year. The growth has been mainly at the expense of vegetated land and wetlands.

Aljenaid pointed to the dramatic expansion of Muharraq Island, which now stretches over 60 square kilometers (23 square miles) northeast of Manama, the capital. She also pointed to changes on the island of Nabih Saleh, which lost its agricultural areas.

While urban expansion has been concentrated in the north, parts of the southern coast have also undergone change. Dredging of the artificial islands of Durrat Al Bahrain began in 2004; by 2007, about 5 square kilometers (2 sq mi) of land had been added to the southeast coast of Bahrain.

“Ten years ago I wrote that 11% of the island of Bahrain was reclaimed land, and the growth continues today,” said John Burt, marine biologist at New York University in Abu Dubai. Bahrain’s shape in 35 years remains to be seen. “There was talk again of building a bridge between Fasht Al Adhm and Qatar,” Burt said. “It didn’t materialize, but it could be a future mega-development to watch.”

NASA Earth Observatory images by Lauren Dauphin, using US Geological Survey Landsat data. Story by Kathryn Hansen.

Here’s how to spot snake holes in your garden


Even though all yards start with a design plan, it doesn’t take long for nature to take its course and have its own effects on your green space. From unwanted pests to potentially dangerous invasive plants, keeping your outdoor sanctuary the way you love it can be an uphill battle. In some cases, it can also mean noticing that a reptile has taken up residence in the ground under your lawn. But what is the best way to handle the problem? Read on to see how experts say you can spot snake holes in your yard and the best course of action if you find them.

READ THIS NEXT: The #1 place snakes love to hide in your home.


Even the most avid gardener or gardener doesn’t like the idea of ​​being surprised by a snake in the line of duty. But those who truly understand the ecology of their lawns also know that reptiles are actually the best solution to common problems, helping to control the population of pests and insects by eating mice, rats, moles, crickets , cockroaches and other unwanted invaders.

“Snakes tend to be frowned upon by homeowners, but not all snakes are dangerous or even bad to have in your yard,” Burns Blackwellowner of Terminix Triad in North Carolina, previously said Better life. “That being said, you want to know when you have snakes around your property so you can protect your family and pets.”

A rabbit warren or a mole or vole hole in someone's yard grass

Finding small burrows or holes in your yard after seeing snakes nearby can make it easy for you to conclude that they are burrowing in your yard. But according to experts, it is more likely that they are profiting from the work of another animal.

“Snakes generally cannot make their own nests because they have no legs and lack the mental capacity to create nests. But they will take over old rodent nests and use burrows and underground holes,” Blackwell said. Told Better life.

Coincidentally, seeing a snake around when holes start to appear can sometimes mean that it is taking on its natural pest control role. However, there is a way to tell when a reptile has moved in for sure. According to Blackwell, “Snake holes are difficult to identify because they often use up leftover mole or vole holes, so you should look for snakeskin in and around these holes to identify that it is harboring a snake and not a mole.”

But it’s not just shedding that can be a gift: finding certain droppings is also a sign of reptile activity. As a general rule, you should look for dark brown smears with a white tip to prove the presence of a snake in your yard, according to the experts at BobVila.com.

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A snake sitting in the grass of a yard or lawn

Of course, burrows can be used and abandoned over time. But experts say seeing skins or droppings is a good indication that a snake was recently nearby, with Terminix professionals advising that they usually start biodegrading or being eaten by insects “within days” after. their departure. behind.

If you find evidence that a snake has taken up residence, experts say it can be helpful to determine what type it is by keeping a close eye on your yard or even setting up a camera. After all, perfectly harmless, non-venomous species of snakes will continue to prey on pests that might otherwise wreak havoc in your garden.

However, if reptiles pose a threat to pets or people, you may choose to get rid of the existing hole once you determine that it is empty. To do this, simply fill it with soil or cover the entrance with burlap, netting or wire mesh, according to BobVila.com. At the same time, it is essential not to use piles of loose material to cover the burrows, as this will only make it more attractive to snakes. Ultimately, sealing the holes can help the snake move to another location in your garden that may be in a less central location.

destroy your lawn

Or of course, the problem of snake holes can be avoided by being proactive with your lawn to eliminate conditions that make them more likely to settle there, or their rodent prey.

“Firewood, piles of rocks and stacked tiles, tin siding or plywood literally create snake mansions. Many properties also have slightly raised sheds, creating a few inches of perfectly serpentine crawl space below” , Emily TaylorPhD, professor of biological sciences at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo and owner of Central Coast Snake Services, wrote in a Medium post.

Sometimes staying on top of simple lawn chores can go a long way to solving the problem. “A garden that does not attract snakes – especially poisonous snakes – has the following characteristics: the grass is always mowed; the plants chosen for landscaping are ‘slender’ rather than bushy, so that they cast little shade and you can easily see the base of the bush; firewood is stored on a table or other elevated platform a few feet above the ground, with no piles of debris; and snakes can’t crawl under buildings because they’re low to the ground or because access under porches or into crawl spaces is blocked off,” Taylor suggests.

Chinese Yale students continue to face difficulties obtaining visas


Anasthasia Shilov, staff illustrator

More than two years after the Trump administration instituted a restrictive visa policy against Chinese graduate students and researchers, Yale graduate students continue to face problems obtaining or renewing their student visas to come to the campus.

Proclamation 10043, the presidential proclamation declared on May 29, 2020, prohibits the entry or issuance of visas to Chinese students enrolled in graduate programs in the United States with ties to Chinese “military-civilian” universities. Several graduate students enrolled at Yale have encountered problems renewing their student visas, ranging from lengthy processing times at U.S. embassies to rejection of their applications. Some Chinese students said they chose to stay in the United States for the duration of their program for fear of being barred from re-entering the country if they returned home. These visa issues can lead to personal turmoil and harm transnational scientific collaboration.

“I miss my family very much and […] I will also miss my best friend’s wedding in China,” said Jianjian Guo ’25, a fourth-year doctoral student in the cell biology department. “But you have to put up with it, there’s no getting around it – I just can’t take the risk.”

Yu Zhang ’25, a PhD student in the Department of Computer Science, is entering his fourth year of his PhD program while living in China. He said he had to conduct his research remotely since the summer of 2021.

Zhang is one of the students whose visa application was rejected because he attended a university involved in China’s “military-civilian fusion strategy”, although Zhang said his undergraduate degree in IT had no connection or involvement with the Chinese military.

“When I decided to go back to China, I was sure it would be lifted, but over time, I’m not so sure anymore,” Zhang said.

Zhang said he still considered himself “lucky” because he had already met his requirements for classes and teaching assistant duties in his freshman year. He also said Yale’s pandemic policies last year made it easier for him to work remotely, including meeting with his advisor and collaborating with other students.

This also means that in the past academic year, Zhang was able to continue receiving a stipend. Starting this semester, however, he is no longer allowed to enroll as a full-time student due to his visa status, so he cannot receive a stipend.

“I think I’m neither pessimistic nor optimistic about it, I feel good because my advisor is very supportive and he tries to make exceptions for me,” Zhang said. “If I keep working on my thesis, I can still receive the doctorate upon completion, so that’s something I’m grateful for.”

Zhang said her adviser allowed her to take a part-time job to help cover her expenses.

Still, Zhang expressed how much he missed the campus and lab environments, where he could talk with other students.

“Working alone at home makes it hard to find a social life,” he said. Still, he found some community in group discussions with other Chinese students.

While the Biden administration announced the resumption of regular visa services in May 2021, the Trump-era proclamation is still in place.

A third-year doctoral student in the electrical engineering department, who asked to remain anonymous due to Chinese government privacy concerns, told the News he was facing much longer processing times than before. usual when renewing his visa.

“Due to the pandemic, most U.S. consulates were closed, so many students in China didn’t have the opportunity to make an appointment until 2021,” the student said. “Most Chinese students arrived in the United States a year later [than they had intended.]”

The student was living in Canada, where he earned his undergraduate degree, throughout the pandemic. He told the News that was why he could apply for his visa renewal in 2020, since consulates in Canada reopened that year. He waited over three months for the paperwork and background checks to be completed, and still heard nothing. He suspects it was because his major was considered “sensitive” and in a military-related field and was therefore affected by the proclamation.

After checking on the internet and informing that his file may have been forgotten or on hold, the student canceled his file and made a second appointment at another consulate in December 2020, three months after the first appointment . Again, he waited five months and still heard nothing.

In the end, the student used immigration attorneys to file a Mandamus lawsuit – a petition in the United States Federal District Court to force the government to take action on the Mandamus petition. visa pending. About a month after filing the complaint, he got his visa. This method, says the student, is not easily accessible, both for financial reasons and because it is not widely publicized.

The student’s visa has since expired and he has not been able to return to China for the past two years for fear of being barred from re-entering the United States.

“I think if this situation continues, most of us will not go back. [… for] five to six years,” the student said. “I have a grandmother in China who is over 80 – I’m afraid if this continues I won’t be able to see her again.”

Guo said she hasn’t been able to return home since 2019, during the winter of her freshman year. His original visa was only valid for one year.

Guo said it was difficult to consider returning to China because once she did she would have to reapply for a visa and heard processing times were three months or more. Being potentially stuck in China would force her to halt her wet lab experiments at Yale and jeopardize the stipend she receives.

“I really miss my family and they miss me, because when the pandemic spread in the United States, they only heard stories, news and data on the number of deaths in the United States,” said Guo said. “I couldn’t tell my family [when I had COVID-19] because I know they’d be super worried and feel like there’s nothing they can do.

Following a policy change in 2018, the visa validity period for Chinese graduate students studying aviation, robotics or advanced manufacturing was shortened from five years to one year.

Guo originally came to Yale on a scholarship from the China Scholarship Council, a program that had collaborated with the Yale World Scholars Program since 2006. The partnership supported approximately 20 biological and biomedical science students each year, but after students realized that their visas would be denied if they received a CSC scholarship, the program was put on hold.

Guo expressed concerns about how the record of her scholarship, even though it has since been cancelled, could affect future visa applications.

Guo, who previously served as president of the Yale Chinese Students and Scholars Association, helped organize a listening session for Chinese graduate students to share their concerns. The Graduate School of Arts and Sciences has provided an emergency fund for students returning to China who may be forced to stay there for several months.

On the visa side, however, Guo said Yale’s hands are tied. In the first half of this year, the total number of US student visas issued to Chinese students fall more than 50% compared to the first half of 2019.

“I would still choose to study in the United States because the research in my field here is the best in the world,” the anonymous student said. “But I see that students in Europe can go back [to China] maybe every year – with the cost of all these things, I always make research my first priority, but that’s just for me.

Guo told the News that more than half of the students surveyed ahead of the listening session expressed dissatisfaction with Yale’s handling of the Trump-era China Initiative and said it made them less likely to recommend Yale to other students.

According to a report by the Institute of International Education, Chinese students are the largest source of international students studying in the United States


Miranda Jeyaretnam is the reporter covering the Jackson Institute of Global Affairs and developments at the National University of Singapore and Yale-NUS for the YDN University office. She was previously an Opinion Editor for the Yale Daily News under the 2022 YDN board and wrote as a columnist for its opinion column “Crossing the Aisle” in Spring 2020. From Singapore, she is a student second year at Pierson College, majoring in English. .

How a Certain Animal Can Regenerate a Broken Heart



Additionally, the researchers found that connective tissue cells play an important role in regenerating the heart by temporarily entering an activated state.

Zebrafish can repair heart tissue after injury, according to research by the MDC team led by Jan Philipp Junker and Daniela Panáková.

When a person has a heart attack and does not receive prompt treatment, heart muscle cells (cardiomyocytes) are damaged by a lack of oxygen and begin to die. Scar tissue grows, and because we can’t make new cardiomyocytes, the heart can’t pump as efficiently as it should. However, things are radically different for lower vertebrates like zebrafish, which can regenerate organs including its heart.

“We wanted to find out how this little fish does this, and if we could learn from it,” says Professor Jan Philipp Junker, head of the quantitative developmental biology laboratory at the Berlin Institute for Biology of Medical Systems (BIMSB). , which is part of the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine of the Helmholtz Association (MDC) in Berlin.

The researchers simulated myocardial infarction lesions in the heart of their zebrafish with the help of Dr. Daniela Panáková, who leads the Electrochemical Signaling Laboratory in Development and Disease at MDC. They monitored cardiomyocyte regeneration using single cell analyzes and cell lineage trees. Their findings were recently published in Natural genetics.

Zebrafish cryoinjury

Right: Adult zebrafish under a brightfield microscope. Left: zebrafish heart 7 days after cryoinjury. Transiently activated fibroblasts localize to the area of ​​injury. Credit: Panáková Laboratory, MDC

Human hearts stop before regeneration

The zebrafish’s one-millimetre heart was exposed to a cold needle for a few seconds by the researchers while they observed it under a microscope. Any tissue touched by the needle is dead. Similar to those who have had a heart attack, this leads to an inflammatory response, which is followed by scarring produced by fibroblasts.

“Amazingly, the immediate response to injury is very similar. But while the process in humans stops at this point, it continues in fish. They form new cardiomyocytes, capable of contracting,” explains Junker.

“We wanted to identify signals from other cells and help drive regeneration,” he continues. Junker’s team used single-cell genomics to search the injured heart for cells that don’t exist in a healthy zebrafish heart.

Three new types of fibroblasts that activate momentarily have been discovered by researchers. Although they share an appearance with other fibroblasts, these activated cells have the ability to read a variety of additional genes involved in protein formation, such as connective tissue factors like collagen 12.

Fibroblasts give the signal for regeneration

In humans, fibrosis, also known as scarring, is considered an obstacle to the regeneration of the heart. However, once activated, the fibroblasts seem to play a crucial role in the process. When Panáková used a genetic trick to disable collagen 12-expressing fibroblasts in zebrafish, it became clear how crucial they are. Result: no regeneration. Junker thinks it makes sense that fibroblasts are responsible for giving the repair signals: “They just form at the site of injury, after all,” he says.

To identify the source of these activated fibroblasts, Junker’s team produced cell lineage trees using a technique called LINNAEUS, which his lab developed in 2018. LINNAEUS works with genetic scars that collectively act as a barcode for the origin of each cell.

“We create this barcode using CRISPR-Cas9 genetic scissors. If, after an injury, two cells have the same barcode sequence, it means that they are related,” says Junker.

The researchers identified two sources of temporarily activated fibroblasts: the outer layer of the heart (epicardium) and the inner layer (endocardium). Collagen-12 producing cells were found exclusively in the epicardium.

Different disciplines worked closely together on the study

Several MDC researchers collaborated throughout the study – from experiments on the fish to genetic analyzes to bioinformatics interpretation of the results.

“For me, the most exciting thing was to see how well our disciplines complemented each other and how we could verify the results of bioinformatics on a living animal,” says Sara Lelek, who is one of the lead authors of the study and was responsible for the animal. trials. “It was a big project that allowed us all to contribute our expertise. I think that’s why the study is so comprehensive and useful for many researchers.

Dr Bastiaan Spanjaard, also lead author, agrees: “Because we had such different areas of expertise, we often had to explain our experiences and analyzes to each other. Cardiac regeneration is a complex process that is influenced by many different things. The experiments produced huge amounts of data. Filtering out the correct biological signals among them was extremely difficult.

It remains unclear whether damaged hearts in mammals like humans and mice lack the necessary signals or the ability to read the signals. If the signals are lacking, drugs could possibly be developed to simulate them. But, says Junker, finding a way to mimic the interpretation of the signal would be much more difficult.

Fibroblasts also help form new blood vessels

The researchers now want to take a closer look at the genes that the temporarily activated fibroblasts particularly often read. They know that many of the genes in question are important for the release of proteins into the surrounding area. And these could include factors that also influence cardiomyocytes. And early evidence suggests that activated fibroblasts don’t just promote heart regeneration; they also contribute to the formation of new blood vessels which supply the heart with oxygen.

Reference: “Origin and function of activated fibroblast states during zebrafish heart regeneration” by Bo Hu, Sara Lelek, Bastiaan Spanjaard, Hadil El-Sammak, Mariana Guedes Simões, Janita Mintcheva, Hananeh Aliee, Ronny Schäfer, Alexander M Meyer, Fabian Theis, Didier YR Stainier, Daniela Panáková and Jan Philipp Junker, July 21, 2022, Natural genetics.
DOI: 10.1038/s41588-022-01129-5

Reasoning Skills Quiz for IBPS RRB PO Clerk Mains 2022- September 6


Instructions (1-5): Answer the questions based on the information provided below.
Nine people A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H and I were born for nine consecutive years from 1988 to 1996. Each of them joined MNC with different salaries i.e. 21K, 25K, 26K, 27K , 28K, 29K , 30K, 32K and 33K but not in the same order. (K is constant)
I was born just before D. The person born in 1994 joined MNC with a salary of 32K. Two people are born between C and I. No one is born between H and the one with 21K salary. H was born before the one with 27K salary. G joined MNC with a salary of 30K. I and B joined the MNC on consecutive salaries. I do not participate in the first numbered salary. F was born after the one who joined with a salary of 25,000, but F did not join with a salary of 26,000. B was born immediately after the one who joined with a salary of 26K. G was born in 1991. Whoever joined 26k was born after G but not immediately after him. Whoever joined with a salary of 25,000 was born just before G. A was born in 1988 and joined MNC with a salary of 21,000. F was not born in a leap year. The difference between H and B’s salary is 4k.

Q1. Which of the following people was born in 1993?
I. The one born just after D
II. The one who joined with 28K salary
III. The one born immediately before F
(a) Only I and II
(b) Only I and III
(c) Only III
(d) Only II
(e) Only II and III

Q2. Who was born just before B?
(a) One who was born in 1994.
(b) One who was joined with a salary of 26K.
(c) One born in 1989
(d) Cannot be determined
(e) One who was born in 1993.

Q3. E was born in what next year?
(a) 1991
(b) 1993
(c) 1990
(d) 1994
(e) Cannot be determined

Q4. Which of the following joined with a salary of 33,000?
(a) One born in 1990
(b) The one who was born right after me
(c) One who was born two years before D
(d) One who was born 3 years before G
(e) None of the above

Q5. Which of the following statements is true?
(a) There is a difference of 2 persons between the age of G and H.
(b) A was born in 1996.
(c) Whoever joined with 26K salary was born in 1995
(d) There is a one-year gap between the ages of H and B
(e) Nothing is true

Instructions (6-10): Answer the questions based on the information provided below.
Seven people A, B, C, D, E, F and G study in seven different universities namely JNU, JMI, IIT, BHU, DU, SNU and IGNOU but not in the same order. Each person likes different topics viz. Civics, History, English, Geography, Chemistry, Physics and Biology but again not in the same order.
F enjoys civics and does not study at JMI or SNU. Anyone who studies at IGNOU loves history. Has studied in JNU and does not like geography or chemistry. Whoever studies in DU likes biology. B likes physics and does not study at SNU. Anyone studying at SNU doesn’t like chemistry. Studies D at IIT University. G doesn’t like History and doesn’t study at SNU University. E does not study at SNU.

Q6. Who among the following studies at IGNOU University?
(a) One who loves English
(c) One who loves history
(e) None of the above

Q7. Who among the following likes chemistry?
(a) One who studies at JMI
(b) A
(c) One who studies in JNU
(d) One who studies at IIT
(e) None of the above

Q8. C is studying at which of the following universities?
(a) JUNE
(b) UNS
(c) FROM
(d) JMI
(e) None of the above

Q9. Which of the following statements is correct about someone who loves English?
(a) Whoever loves English, studies at IIT
(b) F likes English
(c) Whoever loves English, studies in JNU
(d) E likes English
(e) None of the above

Q10. Four of the following are similar in some way and form a group. Find out which one does not belong to this group.
(a) A-JMI
(b) C-ITI
(d) F – DU
(e) G – DU

Instructions (11-12): Answer the questions based on the information provided below.
X%Y means that X is the father of Y
X@Y means that X is the sister of Y
X$Y means that X is the brother of Y
X*Y means that X is the son of Y

Q11. In expression P*V%C@O$U*Whow is C related to W?
(a brother
(b) Sister
(c) Girl
(d) Mother
(e) Cannot be determined

Q12. In expression W@K*U$M%Thow is M related to W?
(a) Aunt
(b) Uncle
(c) Sons
(d) Mother
(e) Nephew

Instructions (13-15): Study the information below and answer the following questions:

P@T means that P is the husband of T
P$T means that T is the brother of P
P%T means that P is the mother of T
P*T means that P is the daughter of T
P+T means that P is the son of T

Q13. If the expression ‘K$L, ‘K%D@G%C@M’ is true, then how is L’s sister related to M’s stepmother?
(a mother
(b) Mother-in-law
(c) Daughter-in-law
(d) Sister-in-law
(e) Daughter

Q14. If expression, ‘A%B’, C$B, B+G+M@L is true, then how is A related to L’s husband?
(a) Granddaughter
(b) Girl
(c) Daughter-in-law
(d) Sister
(e) Niece

Q15. If expression, ‘A%B’ C$B, B+G+M @ L is true, then how is C related to L?
(a) Granddaughter
(b) Girl
(c) Grandson
(d) Niece
(e) Cannot be determined


Reasoning Skills Quiz for IBPS RRB PO Clerk Mains 2022- September 6_60.1

Reasoning Skills Quiz for IBPS RRB PO Clerk Mains 2022- September 6_70.1

Reasoning Skills Quiz for IBPS RRB PO Clerk Mains 2022- September 6_80.1

Reasoning Skills Quiz for IBPS RRB PO Clerk Mains 2022- September 6_90.1

Extreme heat in Utah causing fish kills in Utah reservoirs and ponds


MORGAN COUNTY, Utah — Biologists with the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources say recent warm temperatures have killed dozens of fish.

At Lost Creek Reservoir, more than 80 kokanee salmon did not survive the heat wave. The DWR has also recorded catfish deaths in Jensen Nature Park Pond in Syracuse and Farmington Pond.

A spokesperson told FOX 13 News that low water levels and high temperatures create a deadly combination for fish. When warm weather raises the temperature of the water, it then lowers the oxygen levels of the water.

Paddleboarders and anglers have noticed a dramatic drop in levels at Lost Creek Reservoir over the past two to three weeks.

“There’s an island on the other side – you can’t see it from here, but it’s now a peninsula because the water has gone down so much,” Steven Randall said. “It was shocking. It was shocking to see him so low.

“We haven’t spent a lot of time in this lake so we don’t really know it, but less fish is always a bad thing, isn’t it?” said Tom Thomson.

DWR is working to develop a strategy to store water bodies based on drought. Fish that were to be stored in drought-affected areas will be moved and stored elsewhere. Biologists continue to monitor conditions and make adjustments as needed.

Should climbers take oral contraceptives?


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Get full access to Outside Learn, our online education hub featuring in-depth fitness, nutrition and adventure lessons and over 2,000 instructional videos when you sign up for Outside+ >”,”name”:”in -content-cta”,”type”:”link”}}”>Join Outside+ today.

Let’s cut to the chase: For many girls and women, working out or playing while on their period sucks.

Menstruation can affect your weight, your mood and your ability to perform. When symptoms arise on game day, they are usually not welcome. For decades, to alleviate these symptoms and even to avoid otherwise unfortunate timing, many female athletes have used hormonal birth control. Contraceptives can ease cramps, regulate and lighten periods, and even clear up the skin.

But the introduction of foreign hormones into the body can be troubling for a host of reasons. For an athlete, the effects of estrogen go far beyond breast development and regulating a monthly cycle. Estrogen can impact overall performance by affecting recovery, injury rate, and power.

Finding information on whether estrogen supplementation is good or bad for athletes, gym climber interviewed Keith Baar, Ph.D., professor of physiology and behavior at UC Davis and renowned tendon health expert. Baar has published 168 articles, totaling nearly 8,000 citations throughout his career. One of his studies, published in early 2019 in Frontiers in physiology, directly addressed the role of hormonal contraception and athletic development.

In Effect of estrogen on musculoskeletal performance and injury risk, Baar and Nkechinyere Chidi-Ogbolu, Ph.D. student at UC Davis, discussed the role estrogen plays in the development of muscles, tendons, and ligaments and, therefore, athletic development and performance. The simple answer: it’s complicated.

estrogen and muscle

Based on animal and human studies on aging, estrogen is definitely beneficial for building muscle mass and strength. For example, in a 2016 study published in the Journal of Endocrinology, ovariectomized rats showed a 10% decrease in strength and an 18% decrease in muscle fiber cross-sectional area (the cross-sectional area of ​​muscle fibers is proportional to the force a muscle can produce) after just 24 weeks. Similar studies (e.g. the one published in the Journal of Applied Physiology) also showed an increase in injured muscle fibers in ovariectomized rats. When ovariectomized rats were given a supplement of estradiol, a form of estrogen, their muscle fiber cross-sectional area and recovery rate returned to normal. In other words, the lack of estrogen led to muscle loss and strength, while restoring estrogen levels (via supplementation similar to oral contraception) returned muscle surface area and strength to those of previous levels.

Postmenopausal women, who have lower estrogen levels after their periods stop, have been shown to lose muscle much faster than their male counterparts. In a 2012 study published in The journals of gerontology, series A: biological sciences and medical sciences, postmenopausal women received estrogen replacement therapy to raise their estrogen levels to those of premenopausal women and the result was a normalized anabolic or muscle-building response. In other words, giving postmenopausal women estrogen helped them build muscle mass at the same rate as their younger, premenopausal counterparts.

In another study published in clinical sciences, 80 postmenopausal women were assigned to one of four groups: exercise, hormone replacement therapy, exercise and hormone replacement therapy, or no treatment, all studied for one year. The group doing both exercise and hormone replacement therapy saw the greatest increase (7.1%) in muscle cross section and a 17.2% increase in vertical leap (the highest point reached from a standing jump). The hormone replacement group saw similar, though smaller, increases in muscle area (6.3%) and vertical leap (6.8%). It should be noted that exercise alone was less effective than hormone replacement therapy alone in maintaining muscle mass.

Birth control pills contain synthetic forms of the natural hormones estrogen and progesterone. Although estrogen can increase the anabolic (muscle building) response, it is also clear that progesterone has a negative impact. A 2011 study published in the Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sport, scientists compared formulations of oral contraceptives and found that a contraceptive high in progesterone, on the other hand, inhibits muscle protein synthesis. Athletes who choose to use oral contraception should choose contraceptives that are high in estrogen and low in progesterone.

So, given that estrogen will help athletes build muscle, what are the practical implications? Think of a woman’s natural estrogen cycle as a series of ups and downs. Introduce the pill and the line flattens out – fewer highs and lows only occur during menstruation. This flattening tends to have a negative effect on healthy women trying to build muscle, as it decreases physiologically high estrogen spikes. Therefore, it would follow that healthy women who are trying to build muscle should not take hormonal contraceptives, as it will inhibit their ability to do so.

Estrogen and ligaments

Estrogen, however, also affects tendons and ligaments, complicating the simple conclusion that hormonal contraceptives are bad for athletes. Estrogen has been shown to make ligaments looser. This partly explains why women are two to eight times more likely to tear their ACL than their male counterparts. Loose ligaments mean loose joints, which can put athletes at risk for serious injury.

Rahr-Wagner and colleagues found that women who had never used oral contraception had a 20% higher relative risk of ACL injury than long-term users. According to this research, because estrogen levels in women are highest during the preovulatory and ovulatory phases of their cycle, female athletes who do not use birth control pills are at greater risk during these times than those who do. who use it and may wish to exercise more caution in their training routines during these phases.

So oral contraceptives are bad for building muscle, but good for protecting ligaments by keeping joints tighter.

Estrogen and tendons

While studies indicate that estrogen makes ligaments loose, which is harmful, estrogen has a similar effect on tendons, which can be both good and bad. A stiff tendon will pull the muscle faster, allowing the athlete to achieve better peak power. A stiff tendon is also more likely to pull or tear a muscle.

Due to natural estrogen spikes, women’s tendons are generally looser than men’s and as a result, women suffer from fewer muscle injuries, strains and pulls in the groin and hamstrings. Women also have a lower risk of Achilles tendon rupture, that is, until menopause. Similarly, a 2015 study published in the European Journal of Applied Physiologyshowed that users of birth control pills (i.e. women without high estrogen) were associated with greater muscle damage and pain and a 2006 study, published in International Foot and Ankle, showed an increased risk of Achilles tendinopathy when using oral contraceptives.

It would follow that users of birth control pills might be able to generate higher peak force than their counterparts, but they would also be less able to recover and more at risk of muscle and tendon damage.

The formula

So what should a woman do?

Baar and Chidi-Ogbolu summarized it in this strategy: according to their recommendation, a woman in the off-season training phase had better not use oral contraception, because the high levels of estrogen naturally present in the body generally allow athletes to develop their muscles, recover quickly and be less prone to tendinopathy. However, when a female athlete is in playing season, taking oral contraceptives may be beneficial. Lower levels of estrogen can increase potency as tendons become stiffer. The athlete may not need to recover as quickly as she would normally like, as she will likely have more time between competitions or send-offs. She also may not need to build muscle, just maintain it. Oral contraceptives can also help protect her ligaments from injury during competition.

But to add to the complexity, every woman is different and will react differently to birth control pills. This formula is a good starting point, but it is not a formula for everyone. Climbers will need to experiment, with the guidance of their medical professionals, with their own training formulas and programs to see what works best for them.

Global Tissue Banking Market to Surpass US$3.70 Billion by


Seattle, Sept. 05, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — According to Coherent Market Insights, the tissue bank market is estimated at US DOLLARS$ 1.63 billion in 2022 and should present a CAGR of 10.8% during the forecast period (2022-2030).

Key trends and analysis of Global tissue banking market:

Companies in the tissue banking market are proactively working in researching and developing new opportunities. For example, in January 2021, biomedical research is supported by the National Investigation Agency (NIA) through several programs that require studying aging in animal models. Non-human primates (NHPs) are important models for studying the biology of aging, including the effects of environmental and social determinants. They also have the potential to provide data more directly transposable to human biology and aging. The National Advisory Council on Aging (NACA) aimed to maximize the use of NHP biological samples already available and to provide a mechanism for multiple researchers to share tissues. The proposed contract will ensure the maintenance and management of a collection of tissues and blood derivatives. In addition, it will expand the scope of non-human primates – NHP-TB, improve coordination with institutions holding NHPs and other tissue banks, increase the number of species and ages, and establish a donor registry for efficient tissue collection.

Additionally, in October 2018, Male to Female (MTF) Biologics announced the formation of a new tissue salvage relationship with Regenerative Biologics, Inc., Biotechnology Research Center. Organizations will seek to provide expanded opportunities for genital tissue donation to pregnant women and their families and to improve patient access to high-quality placental tissue for wound care applications.

Request a sample copy of this report @ https://www.coherentmarketinsights.com/insight/request-sample/2600

Main market takeaways:

The global tissue bank market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 10.8% during the forecast period owing to the increasing funding from the capital market company. For example, in September 2021, OrbiMed Advisors LLC, Capital Market Company, is funding LifeCell International, Stem Cell Bank with US$255 billion to meet growth capital needs and foray into adjacent stem cell units. The funds will help develop plans for growth in stem cell storage divisions. LifeCell seeks to further leverage its technology expertise, strong brand position and extensive network to enter new adjacent categories such as fertility health and cell therapies. Funds raised by OrbiMed will help accelerate this program and further strengthen LifeCell’s market position.

On the basis of product, the media and consumables segment is expected to lead the growth of the segment over the forecast period, owing to the launch of new products in the market. For example, in May 2022, the largest US report on elective fertility preservation outcomes to date found that 70% of women who froze eggs when they were under 38 – and thawed at least 20 eggs at a later date – had a baby. Led by experts from NYU Grossman School of Medicine and NYU Langone Fertility Center, the new discovery was based on 15 years of actual results from thawing frozen eggs for women who had delayed childbearing and were facing declining natural age-related fertility.

Competitive Landscape:

Key players operating in the global tissue banking market include AbD Serotec (a Bio-Rad company), AMS Biotechnology Limited, BioLife Solutions, Inc., Beckman Coulter, Inc., BioCision LLC, BioStorage Technologies, Inc., Custom BioGenic Systems, Eppendorf AG, EMD Millipore Corporation, Fisher BioServices, Inc., Genzyme Corporation, Hamilton Company, Merck KGaA, PHC Corporation and Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.

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Market segmentation :

  • Global tissue banking market, by product:
    • Media and Consumables
    • Equipment
      • Cryopreservation equipment
      • Quality control equipment
      • Thawing equipment
      • Others
  • Global tissue banking market, by tissue type:
    • Bone
    • Brain and spinal cord
    • Cornea
    • Heart valves
    • Skin
    • Others
  • Global tissue banking market, by region:
    • North America
    • Latin America
      • By country
        • Brazil
        • Mexico
        • Argentina
        • Rest of Latin America
    • Europe
      • By country
        • Germany
        • UK
        • France
        • Italy
        • Spain
        • Russia
        • The rest of Europe
    • Asia Pacific
      • By country
        • China
        • India
        • Japan
        • Australia
        • South Korea
        • ASEAN
        • Rest of Asia-Pacific
    • Middle East
      • By country
        • GCC
        • Israel
        • Rest of the Middle East
    • Africa
      • By region/country
        • South Africa
        • central Africa
        • North Africa

Related Market Information Reports:

Cellular Cryopreservation Marketby Product Type (Cryoprotective Agents (Glycerol, Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO), Others) and Equipment), by Application (Stem Cells, Oocytes and Embryos, Sperm, Sperm and Testicular Tissue, Hepatocytes and Others), by End User (Pharmaceutical Companies and biotechnology, academic and research institutes, biobank and others), and by region (North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and Africa) – Analysis of the size, share, prospects and opportunities, 2022 – 2030

tissue engineering marketby material type (synthetic, biologic and others), by application (dermal, orthopedic, dental, neurological and others) and by region (North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and Africa) – Analysis in size, share, prospects and opportunities, 2022 – 2030

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It might be time to jump into these three sectors


in today silver morning, I’m going to share with you three “exponential” sectors I’m looking at right now and why today’s markets are a good time to look into them. I’ll also share with you a key feature of the reality of investing that many investors, including the great ones, miss. I think this is something that will have a huge impact on your portfolio over the next decade.

Dear reader,

I’m not going to bore you today with the latest “will they, won’t they” on central banks, interest rates and inflation.

Over the weekend, I remembered that being a “Fed watcher” had never been a way for me to make a lot of money in the markets.

My specialty is tracking exponential trends.

Simply put, I love coming up with new ideas with huge potential for growth.

Not only does it take you to the most interesting frontiers of science, but when you do it right, you can also make a lot of money.

That’s how I’ve invested for the better part of two decades, and I’m following a pretty simple thought process that I’m going to share with you today.

I’m also going to show you three “exponential” sectors that I like right now.

But the key to this investment methodology starts with a concept that you must realize.

Let me explain…

It’s your edge

Everyone knows it, but few do it.

When markets are down and fear is at its peak, it’s often the best time to start investing in your favorite stocks and sectors.

You don’t have to do it all at once.

My favorite approach is to “stagger” – a form of dollar cost averaging – at different price points to take advantage of panic sellers.

This way you can add great stocks on the cheap when others start to get irrational.

Indeed, the market is so short-term in its thinking that being able to look ahead one or two years is a huge advantage for ordinary investors.

This is your big advantage, especially compared to professionals who usually try to make sure they are not underperforming too much each quarter.

You see, if they do that, investors take money out of their funds and they lose fee income.

Their short-term interests do not allow them to make long-term strategic decisions.

But you can…

And in turn, take advantage of the fear in the market right now as they are forced to sell.

But let’s go back a bit.

How to find stocks with exponential potential?

Here’s how I go about it…

The Law of Accelerated Returns

Now, it goes without saying that chasing exponential stocks is risky business.

And often – but not always – that means playing in the small cap sector of the stock market.

This means that companies have a market capitalization between $50 million and $500 million and they usually have no profit or even revenue.

Snobbish investors are turning their backs on these stocks and saying it’s just speculation – not “real” investing like they do.

This is true to some extent…although I would say that all investing is a form of speculation.

After all, the future is unknowable.

And this stifling view ignores a feature of reality that has itself grown exponentially over the past two decades.

Namely, the rate of change brought about by technology.

It’s faster than ever.

In fact, it’s accelerating.

Famous futurist Ray Kurzweil called it the Law of Accelerated Returns.

He wrote:

An analysis of the history of technology shows that technological change is exponential, contrary to the “intuitive linear” view of common sense.

Thus, we will not experience 100 years of progress on the 21st century — it will be more like 20,000 years of progress (at the current rate).

His intuition on this subject is already beginning to be confirmed.

And besides the obvious societal implications, the implications for businesses – and therefore investors – are profound.

This means that many business models will be rendered obsolete much faster than before.

It will increasingly be a world of adapt or die in which companies live.

And investors who lack the ability to think “exponentially” will also likely be left behind.

Clinging to old patterns that don’t reflect reality.

It’s already happening…

I mean, think how even an investor as smart as Warren Buffett missed the rise of Google, Apple, Facebook and Amazon.

To be clear, these are not just any four companies. These are four of the most valuable companies on the planet over the past decade.

All missed by one of the great investors…

Anyway, my point is if you can get yourself out of the here and now and incorporate exponential thinking into your investment decisions, then this down and fearful market is a time of huge opportunity.

The cheaper it is, the more extreme your upside potential as certain technologies advance.

But where to look?

Here are three exponential sectors I’m loving right now

The first standing…

Cannabis scholarships.

Yes, I know it was fashionable a few years ago. And I know they’ve been broken for the past 18 months.

For example, the Advisor Shares Pure Cannabis ETF – with the aptly named ticker “YOLO” (slang for “You Only Live Once”) – is down about 85% from 2021 highs.

But as you can see from the chart, it is finally starting to bottom out.

Now, the thing about cannabis – and most exponential stocks – is that they often follow this kind of two-step rise.

First, there is the hype stage as the industry enters the public consciousness.

Unfortunately, the research realities prove slower than the initial excitement, and you get a big sell as we’ve seen here.

But if the breakthrough is real – and I think cannabis is going to cause a stir at some point – then the second stage may be even better.

Because it’s driven more by fundamentals than hype.

And on that note, it looks like we may soon have some wind of regulatory support in cannabis, too.

As International Banker wrote earlier this year:

the cannabis industry nevertheless shows immense room for growth in 2022. Arguably the main driver of this growth is the wave of legalization actions for adult use and for medical purposes across the United States, including in Large and heavily populated states such as Connecticut and New York.

Either way, with a bottom starting to form on the charts, potential for more regulatory approvals, and a slew of medical studies on their way to the approval stage, I don’t think it’s is not a bad time to start implementing some actions here…

Second place…

Biotech… or more precisely, synthetic biology (synbio).

There has been quite a bit of buzz surrounding this industry in recent years.

It represents the intersection of biology with computer science, artificial intelligence and engineering.

The goal is to accelerate biological research and enable scientists to create tailor-made solutions at the DNA level.

It could do incredible things.

As the great Steve Jobs said towards the end of his life:

I think the greatest innovations of the 21st century will be at the intersection of biology and technology. A new era begins.

Indeed, it has already started…

The synbio industry came into its own during the COVID crisis, enabling the creation of Pfizer and Moderna vaccines (known as RNA vaccines) with astonishing speed.

Either way, with this huge leap forward under its belt, analysts expect the industry to see an astonishing 25% growth through 2027 and beyond.


Artificial Intelligence (AI).

No industry has the potential to disrupt so much in such a short time as AI.

There are the large-scale, complex tasks – think of AI systems controlling a world of automated devices, including cars, drug design, and perhaps even the invention of new products.

But there are also more mundane jobs in the line of fire.

Consider these recent photos created by AI image generation models such as DALL-E 2 by OpenAI when asked to generate a “colorful alcoholic cocktail”:

Professional food photographers and Instagram wannabes are shaking in their boots!

I shouldn’t be too comfortable myself, mind you, because I’ve also met This site which offers “AI writing capabilities”.

Either way, the scale of the AI ​​disruption is what makes it such an exponential space to watch.

And big companies like Google and Amazon are investing in AI capabilities.

But you can also find smaller companies in various niches of the AI ​​space, including robotics, quantum computing, healthcare, and materials technology.

Three ideas to chew on…

Or, if you’re looking for specific recommendations for some of these exponential trends, check out myself and Ryan Clarkson-Ledward’s work on Exponential equity investor.

Good investment,

Ryan Dinse,
Editor, silver morning

Some states could tax Biden’s student loan debt relief


President Joe Biden’s student loan forgiveness plan could ease the crushing debt burden of millions of borrowers, but the taxman could demand a reduction in relief in some states.

This is because some states tax-exempt debt as income, which means borrowers who are still repaying their student loans could owe taxes on up to $10,000 or even $20,000 that was deducted. of their bill. In Mississippi, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Arkansas, and North Carolina, canceled student loans will be subject to state income tax unless they change their laws to comply with a federal tax exemption for student loans, according to a tally by the Tax Foundation, a Washington, DC-based think tank.

This dismays Cathy Newman, a Louisiana State University graduate who has just accepted a first-year biology teaching position at the University of Southern Mississippi at Hattiesburg. She thinks she might end up owing a few hundred dollars in cash that she could have saved if she had stayed in Louisiana.

Newman said she can find money because she has a good job, but she knows many other borrowers who will still be stuck in dire financial straits, even if their loans have been canceled.

“If they stay in the state, they could end up with a pretty heavy tax burden if things don’t change,” Newman said. “I won’t be happy if I have to. I can do it. But many people cannot.

More than 40 million Americans could see their student loan debt reduced or eliminated under the remission plan Biden announced late last month. The president writes off $10,000 in federal student loan debt for people with incomes below $125,000 a year or households earning less than $250,000. It waives an additional $10,000 for those who also used federal Pell grants to pay for college. But that only applies to those whose loans were repaid before July 1, which excludes current high school students and the students who will follow them.

While the elimination of $10,000 or $20,000 in loan repayments is a long-term boon to eligible borrowers, those in affected states may be required to report this as income. Depending on a state’s tax rates, the taxpayer’s other income, and the deductions and exemptions they can claim, this could be several hundred dollars in additional tax they will owe.

Spokespersons for tax agencies in several states — including Virginia, Idaho, New York, West Virginia, Pennsylvania and Kentucky — told The Associated Press that their states would definitely not tax the loans. students canceled under Biden’s program. Tax officials in a few other states said they needed to do more research to find out.

Newman, 38, went into debt to pay for college. She had already set herself up for relief under the Federal Civil Service Loan Forgiveness Scheme, although it requires an additional five years of teaching on top of the five she has already taught at the University. of Louisiana Monroe. Biden’s program would reduce his debt burden by $10,000 when it goes into effect, but under Mississippi’s existing tax law, the relief will not be free.

“It’s not a huge burden for me, but it could be for a lot of other people, which worries me, especially if it’s unexpected, and I think a lot of people don’t realize that. don’t count,” Newman said. .

Any relief in states that would tax the canceled debt would have to come from their legislatures. Minnesota Legislature leaders and Democratic Gov. Tim Walz have indicated in recent media interviews that there is broad support for a fix, which could come in the 2023 session, or even sooner. at the low chance of a special session.

In Wisconsin, the administration of Democratic Gov. Tony Evers plans to propose a fix in the state budget next year, but it would have to be approved by the Republican-controlled Legislature. And Evers must be re-elected in November before he can officially make that request. Republican legislative leaders and Evers’ GOP challenger Tim Michels did not respond to messages seeking comment on the student loan tax issue.

However, in Mississippi, the chairman of the Senate tax committee said he’s ready to take a look when the Legislature meets next year. Republican Sen. Josh Harkins, of Brandon, said he needed to know more about what his state’s tax laws say about debt forgiveness.

“I’m sure people will want to consider adjusting this or making changes to the law, but there are a lot of factors that need to be considered,” Harkins said, noting that Mississippi has enacted its most significant reduction in ever made tax earlier this year and adding that he wants to assess the impact of inflation before making major tax policy decisions. “It all just hit last week.”


Binkley reported from Washington, DC that Associated Press writers Emily Wagster Pettus in Jackson, Mississippi, and Scott Bauer in Madison, Wisconsin contributed to this story.

The genome of the immortal jellyfish has been sequenced


The immortal jellyfish is, true to its name, biologically immortal, capable of reversing its life cycle to perpetually start over.

When the adult forms of the jellies – called jellyfish – are stressed, injured or otherwise in a less than ideal situation, they revert to an earlier stage in their life cycle, becoming a film of cells looking for a place to anchor and grow. into a polyp.

From there, new jellyfish bud, allowing the immortal jellyfish to reproduce asexually and be reborn. And unlike most other jellies which have limited reset abilities before becoming sexually mature, the Immortal Jellyfish can do so even after reproducing sexually as an adult, giving it two different reproductive pathways.

As far as we know, the immortal jellyfish can do this an unlimited number of times – hence its name.

The immortal jellyfish is, true to its name, biologically immortal.

(Note however that it is called immortalnot invincible; they can still totally die. “The fate of anything in the ocean is usually to be eaten at some point,” as Monty Graham, director of the Florida Institute of Oceanography, pointed out to The Wall Street Journal.)

Now researchers from Spain’s University of Oviedo have sequenced the genome of the immortal jellyfish, providing clues as to how it edge of tomorrow‘s himself.

For their study, published in PNAS, the researchers sequenced the genome of jellies at different stages of its life cycle. Next, they compared the sequenced genome of this smaller-than-pink fingernail jelly to the related crimson jelly – but, alas, just as deadly as the rest of us – to unravel the genetic differences that may explain the ability of immortal jellyfish.

“If there was a genetic change during the inversion, that would be significant,” María Pascual-Torner, a marine biologist in Oviedo and co-author of the study, told El País.

In fact, there have been multiple changes to the Immortal Medusa’s genome that make it superior at copying and repairing its DNA over lesser, time-limited creatures. It has twice as many copies of a gene called GLI3, which plays a role in stem cells’ ability to grow into other cells, El País reported.

When the adult forms of jellies – called jellyfish – are stressed, injured or otherwise in a less than ideal situation, they return to an earlier stage in their life cycle.

The immortal jellyfish is also better at maintaining the protective caps at the end of its chromosomes, called telomeres. In other species, including humans, telomeres have been shown to shorten with age.

“What makes this animal special is the synergy of all these changes, which make this jellyfish look younger,” Pascual-Torner said.

“The most interesting thing is that it’s not a single molecular pathway… It’s a combination of several of them,” Jan Karlseder, a molecular biologist at the Salk Institute told the WSJ. affiliated with the study.

“If we’re going to look for lifespan extension, we can’t just focus on one pathway. That’s not going to be enough. We need to look at many of them and how they synergize.

The genome of the immortal jellyfish may help us better understand aging.

Don’t expect these ideas to unleash our own immortality or result in some miracle cosmetic product; rather, the work is to help us better understand the basic mechanisms of aging, with an extreme example.

“We can’t watch it because, hey, we’re going to harvest these jellyfish and turn them into skin cream,” Graham told Reuters. “This is one of those papers that I think will open the door to a new line of study worth pursuing.”

We would love to hear from you! If you have a comment about this article or have a tip for a future Freethink story, please email us at [email protected]

Vanderbilt Women’s Golf | Lim and Sattelkau lead Dores on day 2


PEBBLE BEACH, Calif. — Vanderbilt improved by 24 strokes on Saturday in his second round at the Carmel Cup.

Vandy finished with a total of 368, 8 over par, and found 13 birdies. Freshmen Lynn Lim and Tillie Claggett each had an eagle.

“I think our young girls showed great resilience today and played the kind of golf I expected to see on Friday,” Vanderbilt head coach Greg Allen said. “They could have reacted in a number of ways after yesterday’s round and I’m proud that they chose to have a short memory and get back to work.”

Vanderbilt senior Celina Sattelkau (+2) finished in a flurry on Saturday with back-to-back birdies to close out her round. A 2-under 70 tied for 12th.

Lim recovered from three bogeys of her first nine thanks to an eagle at 11 and a birdie at 18. Her second-round 71 lifted her into a tie for 17th overall at 4 over par.

Virginia Ding (+11) also rebounded on Saturday shooting a 74 and is tied for 40th with Claggett (+11) who had a 76 in the second round. Natasha Kiel (+13) is 45th overall while Tess Davenport (+16) is 47th.

Vanderbilt, eighth overall, is scheduled to start at 8:15 a.m. CT Sunday alongside Oklahoma and Texas Tech. Live scores from Sunday’s final round are available HERE.

NASA is ready for a second Artemis I launch attempt today, but encounters refueling issues


Look to CNN for live coverage from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida on Saturday afternoon. Space correspondent Kristin Fisher will bring us instant reports from the launch, along with a team of experts.

Kennedy Space Center, Florida

The uncrewed Artemis I mission is struggling with resupply issues as it prepares for a second chance to embark on a historic journey around the moon

Shortly before 5 a.m. ET, the mission leaders received a weather briefing and decided to proceed with loading propellant into the rocket. The countdown resumed at 7:07 a.m. ET.

There was at least a 30-minute delay after a liquid hydrogen leak was detected at 7:15 a.m. ET in the quick-disconnect cavity that feeds the rocket hydrogen into the core stage engine section. This was a different leak than what happened before Monday’s clean launch.

Launch controllers warmed up the line in an attempt to achieve a tight seal and the flow of liquid hydrogen resumed before a leak happens again. They stopped the flow of liquid hydrogen, “closed the valve used to fill and drain it, then increase the pressure on a ground transfer line using helium to try to close it”, according to NASA.

This recovery plan was unsuccessful, and now the team is evaluating a third plan.

The launch window opens at 2:17 p.m. ET and closes at 4:17 p.m. ET on Saturday. NASA live coverage has begun 5:45 a.m. ET on its website and TV channel.

This process has put the team behind, but it’s unclear how much of a delay this will cause in the countdown, as they may be able to catch up a bit later.

Meanwhile, liquid oxygen continues to slowly flow through the center stage. Both propellants must be filled in certain proportions relative to each other.

There is a 60% chance of favorable weather conditions for launch, with chances increasing to 80% favorable towards the end of the window, according to weather officer Melody Lovin.

The Artemis I stack, which includes the Space Launch System rocket and the Orion spacecraft, sits on Launchpad 39B at Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida.

The Artemis I mission is just the start of a program that will aim to bring humans back to the Moon and eventually land crewed missions on Mars.

If the mission launches on Saturday, it will travel around the moon and crash into the Pacific Ocean on October 11. There is still a launch opportunity for the Artemis I mission on September 5 as well.

Over the past few days, the launch team has taken the time to address issues, such as hydrogen leaks, that surfaced ahead of Monday’s scheduled launch before it was cleaned up. The team also performed a risk assessment of an engine conditioning issue and a foam crack that also popped up, according to NASA officials.

Both are considered acceptable risks before the launch countdown, according to Mike Sarafin, Artemis mission manager.

On Monday, a sensor on one of the rocket’s four RS-25 engines, identified as Engine No. 3, indicated that the engine could not reach the proper temperature range required for the engine to start on liftoff.

Engines must be thermally conditioned before super cold propellant passes through them prior to liftoff. To prevent the engines from experiencing temperature shocks, the launch controllers gradually increase the pressure of the central stage liquid hydrogen tank in the hours before launch to send a small amount of liquid hydrogen to the engines. This is called “bleeding”.

The team has since determined it was a bad sensor providing the reading – they plan to ignore the faulty sensor in the future, according to Space Launch Systems chief engineer John Blevins.

The bleeding, which is expected to occur around 8 a.m. ET, is currently on hold.

After the launch of Artemis I, Orion’s journey will last 37 days as he travels to the moon, loops around it and returns to Earth – traveling a total of 1.3 million miles (2, 1 million km).

Although the passenger list does not include any humans, it does have passengers: three mannequins and a stuffed Snoopy toy will ride Orion.

The crew aboard Artemis I may seem a bit unusual, but they each have a purpose. Snoopy will serve as a weightlessness indicator, meaning he will begin floating inside the capsule once it reaches the space environment.

The dummies, named Commander Moonikin Campos, Helga and Zohar, will measure the deep space radiation that future crews might experience and test new armor suits and technologies. A biological experiment carrying seeds, algae, fungi and yeasts is also hidden inside Orion to also measure the reaction of life to this radiation.

Other science experiments and technology demonstrations are also ring-mounted on the rocket. From there, 10 small satellites, called CubeSats, will detach and separate to collect information about the moon and the deep space environment.

Cameras inside and outside Orion will share images and video throughout the mission, including live views from the Callisto Experience, which will capture a feed of Commander Moonikin Campos seated in the commander’s seat. And if you have an Amazon Alexa-enabled device, you can ask it for the mission’s location every day.

Expect to see views of Earthrise similar to what was first shared during the Apollo 8 mission in 1968, but with much better cameras and technology.

The inaugural mission of the Artemis program will launch a phase of NASA space exploration that aims to land diverse crews of astronauts in previously unexplored regions of the moon – on the Artemis II and Artemis III missions, scheduled for 2024 and 2025 respectively – and ultimately deliver crewed missions to Mars.

IBS develops an endoscope “thinner than a needle”


The Institute for Basic Science (IBS) said its research team had developed an ultra-thin and flexible endoscope that is thinner than a needle.

The research team, led by Choi Won-shik from the Center for Molecular Spectroscopy and Dynamics at IBS and Professor Choi Young-woon of Bioengineering from Korea University, said they were able to obtain 3D holographic images of a biological structure smaller than that of bacteria. using this endoscope.

IBS noted that the ultra-thin endoscope increases the possibility of early diagnosis of diseases with minimal incision to reach the lungs, capillaries, brain and nervous system that were previously difficult to access with conventional endoscopes.

Experimental device (a) and principle of image formation (b). (Credit: Nature Communications)

The research team used a bundle of bare fibers as thin as 200 μm in diameter to design a lensless holographic imaging setup and selectively detected faint reflections from biological tissues, according to their paper.

This was a “critical step” in achieving label-free endoscopic reflectance imaging, the research team said.

The diameter of the endoscope is 350μm, thinner than that of a 500μm needle.

The latest endoscope is capable of providing high resolution imaging at the microscopic level, which cannot be done with a conventional fiber optic bundle endoscope.

The research team said they demonstrated endoscopic reflectance imaging of unstained villi of a rat intestine that are completely invisible to conventional endoscopes.

“The proposed endoscope will accelerate more accurate and earlier diagnosis than before with minimal complications,” the research team said.

The study was published in the August 2 online issue of Nature Communications.

Graduation Week September 12-16 celebrates students and faculty at the start of the academic year


The UMass Chan Medical School community is preparing to officially kick off the academic year with graduation events taking place September 12-16. The annual celebrations build on the back-to-school energy of recent student orientations as well as the ceremonial final beam of the new Teaching and Research Building being constructed on campus.

The events will take place in the Auditorium of the Albert Sherman Center and do not require registration, unless otherwise indicated.

The festivities will begin at 3 p.m. on Monday, September 12 with the 10th Annual LGBT Convocation Welcome Celebration, sponsored by the Office of Diversity and Inclusion. Virtual event features David G. Zelaya, PhD, assistant professor of behavioral and social sciences at Brown University and research fellow at Harvard University. Dr. Zelaya’s research focuses on examining health disparities between Black, Indigenous, and people of color; and sexual and gender minority communities and the links to HIV risk; Mental Health; and substance use. He wants to provide culturally competent behavioral health services to historically underserved communities. Click on here to register for the event.

Also on September 12, Graduate School of Nursing Tan Chingfen students in the Graduate Entry Pathway (GEP) program will ceremoniously receive their nursing pins and be welcomed into the nursing community by campus leaders. The program starts at 6 p.m.

The GEP program, for those with a bachelor’s degree in fields other than nursing, leads first to licensure as a registered nurse and then to advanced nursing specialties. The pinning ceremony symbolizes the completion of the courses required to take the licensing exam.

At 5 p.m. on Tuesday, September 13, second-year Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) students at Tan Graduate School of Nursing entering their clinical years will be presented with their white coats at the Transition to Practice Ceremony. clinical. The white coat is a symbol of humanism, collaboration and scientific excellence in the field of health. The school’s inaugural nursing white coat ceremony was held on June 2, during the scholarship and awards ceremony.

Members of the UMass Chan scientific community will gather at 3 p.m. on Wednesday, September 13, as the Morningside Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences recognizes the achievements of their future colleagues. This ceremony salutes students who have passed their qualifying exam, which marks an important milestone in the educational and professional development of graduate students in basic sciences and clinical research: the transition from classroom learning to doctoral candidacy.

On Thursday, September 14, beginning at 4 p.m., Chancellor Michael F. Collins will deliver his convocation address to the UMass Chan community at a ceremony celebrating the faculty. The Chancellor’s Medals for Distinguished Teaching, Distinguished Scholarship, Distinguished Service and Distinguished Clinical Excellence will be presented.

The following faculty members will be honored and invested as appointed professors, and donors who endowed the positions will be honored, immediately upon Convocation:

Celia A. Schiffer, PhDChair and Professor of Biochemistry & Molecular Biotechnology, is the new holder of the Arthur F. and Helen P. Koskinas Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biotechnology. Dr. Schiffer’s laboratory is a place of activity focused on studying the molecular basis of drug resistance in viruses. Through this research, she has developed a new paradigm for avoiding drug resistance in structure-based drug design that likely results in other diseases.

Alan C. Mullen, MD, PhDProfessor of Medicine and Academic Head of Gastroenterology, is invested as Mary C. DeFeudis Chair in Biomedical Research. Dr. Mullen is a nationally recognized physician-scientist and thought leader in the field of liver disease. His research helps to elucidate therapeutic targets to inhibit the development of liver cancer.

Jeanne B. Lawrence, Ph.D.professor of neurology and pediatrics, is appointed to the Leo P. and Theresa M. LaChance Chair in Medical Research. Dr. Lawrence is an internationally recognized leader in the field of epigenetics, chromosome regulation and non-coding RNA. His work has profoundly advanced research on the developmental pathology of Down syndrome, opening new avenues for translational research.

Roberto Caricchio, MDprofessor of medicine and head of the Division of Rheumatology of the Department of Medicine, is appointed to the Myles J. McDonough Chair in Rheumatology. Dr. Caricchio is a highly regarded academic rheumatologist, newly recruited to UMass Chan, who is nationally recognized as a lupus expert. Additionally, while a core member of the COVID-19 response team at Temple University Hospital in Philadelphia, he led the development of a new strategic therapeutic approach to treat patients with induced cytokine storm. by COVID-19.

Michelle A. Kelliher, Ph.D.professor of molecular, cellular and cancer biology and co-head of the cancer genetics program, is the first holder of the Our Danny Cancer Fund Chair in Biomedical Research I. Dr. Kelliher’s scholarly activities align with and advance her longstanding interest in leukemogenesis. As a graduate student she developed a mouse model of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) that is widely used today and as a postdoctoral fellow she was the first to demonstrate that TAL1 is an oncogene and causes leukemia in mice. His research focuses on tumor-mediated leukemia transformation, drug resistance and relapse in pediatric T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). His research also focuses on the contribution of cell death to inflammatory diseases and autoimmunity.

Eric Baehrecke, PhDprofessor of molecular, cellular and cancer biology, is the first holder of Our Danny Cancer Fund Chair in Biomedical Research II. Dr. Baehrecke’s research focuses on autophagy, the complex and orderly process by which cells degrade and recycle their components. His collaborative research has shown how autophagy works in animal cells and how genes encoding regulators of this cellular process are altered in cancer and other diseases.

The week-long celebration culminates with the TH Chan School of Medicine White Coat Ceremony at 2 p.m. on Friday, September 16 at the Hanover Theater. The event highlights the importance of scientific excellence and compassionate patient care. The camouflage of incoming students with the white coat by two people – a person important in the personal or professional development of the student and the mentor of the learning community of the student – is a hands-on experience that emphasizes the process of bonding and growth in the new system that students are about to enter.

Janice Lalikos, MD, recipient of the Chancellor’s Medal for Distinguished Clinical Excellence in 2021, will deliver the keynote address. Tickets for the White Coat Ceremony can be obtained from the Office of Student Life.

The LGBT Convocation Welcome Celebration will be held on Zoom; all other events will be broadcast on the UMass Chan YouTube channel.

Current articles related to UMass Chan:
First Donna M. and Robert J. Manning Professorships Celebrated at Special Investiture Ceremony
Eric Baehrecke, Jeanne Lawrence and Alan Mullen appointed to endowed chairs
Robert Caricchio, Michell Kelliher and Celia Schiffer appointed to endowed chairs

Celebrating 10 years of the Charles Perkins Center


The Center community gathered in the building’s Atrium to celebrate our outstanding achievements since 2012 and to hear the first performance of a specially commissioned composition, Something from Nothing, a creative celebration of the University of Sidney.

In 2022, the Charles Perkins Center celebrates a decade since its creation in 2012, supported by the proceeds of an anonymous donation of a painting by Pablo Picasso, Sleeping Young Woman. Proceeds from the sale of the painting supported the endowment of four professorships to augment the Centre’s work, under Professor Stephen Simpson as its first Academic Director, which began in April 2012.

The Charles Perkins Center was created to bring together researchers from across the University and across disciplines to address the harmful societal issues of obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and related conditions. It was to serve as a new model for translating the depth and breadth of the University’s disciplinary research into societal benefits through collaboration and partnership.

“In June 2012, our strategy for what would become the Charles Perkins Centre, The triumph of the commons, was approved by the Senate. It outlined a concept for the Center based on complex adaptive systems theory – in my case inspired by locust swarming, but without the cannibalism,” Professor Stephen J Simpson AC, Academic Director of the Charles Perkins Center told the occasion of the 10th anniversary. an event.

Senior Research Fellow (Head of Microscopy), Chemical Biology, Diagnostics and Therapeutics job with UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHAMPTON


Chemistry Biology, Diagnostics & Therapeutics

Location: Campus Highfield

Salary: £40,931 to £51,805 per year
Full-time CDD (3 years)

Closing Date: Wednesday, September 14, 2022

Date of interview: be confirmed

Reference: 1956122EB

You will join our Biophotonics and Imaging group at the University of Southampton. This position is part of a recently awarded TiQBio Prosperity partnership between M Squared Life, Astra Zeneca and the University of Southampton. The interdisciplinary research program focuses on the development of advanced light sheet microscopy approaches to incorporate nonlinear and label-free techniques, increased throughput approaches, and machine learning to solve drug discovery problems. The research program is supported by EPSRC, BBSRC and industrial partners.

The group has well-equipped optics as well as a wet laboratory space. Additionally, the laboratories are housed in a building specifically designed for life science research with cell/tissue culture and associated biological facilities well resourced for the work envisioned in this program. In this program, several prototype systems will be built and 3D imaging methodologies for rapid analysis, including phenotypic profiling, will be established. Your main responsibility will be to lead the development of these platforms and the continued development of advanced analytical methodologies. You will also develop and use confocal fluorescence in addition to methods such as the light sheet microscope. We plan to develop different spectroscopic applications on these microscope systems for quantitative biological applications. Both home-made and commercial microscopes and optical systems will be used. The Biophotonics and Imaging group includes several postdoctoral fellows and PhD students, who will also be engaged in method development and advanced experimentation with new and established systems.

You will have a major impact on the scientific mission of the group and in particular on this project by leading a component of the work aimed at developing a new light sheet platform for high-resolution and aberration-free imaging of organoid samples. and 3D spheroids. A key development will be integrating machine learning to both improve image reconstruction and analysis. You will carry out your own research, work with the extended team and supervise PhD students and project students working on allied interdisciplinary projects. The position requires meaningful and independent interactions with collaborators inside and outside the university.

Although direct experience in all of the fields mentioned above is not required, you will have a PhD or equivalent professional qualifications and experience in physics (including chemical physics or physical chemistry) as well as significant research in applied microscopy and imaging are essential.

You will have experience of:-

  • develop different varieties of microscopes from scratch, with at least the experience of building a light sheet microscope / structured illumination microscope.
  • basic programming skills in matlab/python/java/labview, preferably at least two of these are highly desirable.
  • Demonstrable ability to plan/organize your workload, show initiative, work well under pressure and communicate effectively/professionally with a range of stakeholders inside and outside the organization .

The following would also be highly desirable:-

  • experience in the development and applications of light sheet microscopy. Implementing any advanced technology on light sheet microscopy will be an advantage.
  • image various biological samples ranging from cultured cells to 3D tissues/organoids/embryos as well as small animals, with an emphasis on imaging in living conditions.
  • perform functional and quantitative microscopy, such as FRET, FCS, fluorescence anisotropy, FRAP, etc.
  • good computer and image analysis skills for a wide range of quantitative biological applications. Experience implementing machine learning tools in bio/imaging applications is also desirable.
  • advanced image processing, using computational and machine learning tools, big data analysis and high-quality graphical rendering of bioimages.
  • work together and reproduce microscopes, in laboratories located in different satellite laboratories and collaborating institutions.
  • work experience in international working environments, preferably in advanced imaging/bioimaging centers or facilities.
  • procurement funding for research or management of research project(s) as PI/co-PI/WP-leader
  • multidisciplinary collaborative research experience spanning life sciences/biology, physical sciences, engineering, computer sciences and biotechnology

Informal inquiries should be directed to Professor Sumeet Mahajan, s.mahajan@soton.ac.uk

Equality, diversity and inclusion are central to the philosophy of chemistry. We particularly encourage female, black, Asian and minority ethnic, LGBT, and candidates with disabilities to apply for this position. In recognition of our continued commitment to improving equality for women in science, we received an Athena SWAN Silver award in 2014 and a second Silver award in 2017. Chemistry gives full consideration to candidates who want to work flexibly , including part-time and given due consideration. will be given to candidates who have interrupted their career. The University has a generous maternity policy* and on-site childcare facilities. For more information, please visit https://www.southampton.ac.uk/chemistry/about/Equality/index.page

You must submit your completed online application form to https://jobs.soton.ac.uk. The deadline for applications will be midnight on the closing date listed above. References are requested with your application. This referral system is automated, so please ensure you provide the correct email address and allow time for these to be received, prior to the closing date, to assist the department with shortlisting.

If you need help, please call Holly Shergold (recruitment team) on +44 (0)23 8059 5719 or email recruitment@soton.ac.uk. Please quote reference 1956122EB on all correspondence.

Yale Cancer Biologists study identifies chromatin regulator WDR5 as possible drug target in triple-negative breast cancer


A new study by scientists at the Yale Cancer Center has identified the chromatin regulator WDR5 as a possible new drug target in triple-negative breast cancer. The research has been published online in eLife.

The researchers used alivegenetic screening to identify the WDR5 gene as an actionable epigenetic regulator required for metastatic progression in triple negative breast cancer models. They found that inactivating this regulator in breast cancer cells independently impaired their ability to form tumors, as well as to metastasize.

The study found that consistently inhibiting or pharmacologically damaging WDR5 impairs the ability of breast cancer cells to grow. And a combination of WDR5 targeting with mTOR inhibitors leads to potent suppression of breast cancer cells.

Qin Yan, PhD, professor of pathology at the Yale School of Medicine and one of the study’s lead authors, said these findings reveal new therapeutic strategies to treat metastatic breast cancer – a leading cause of death related cancer in women with few effective therapies – which could contribute to better clinical management of this patient population.

Other Yale authors of this study include Jocelyn F. Chen, PhD, Don Nguyen, PhD, Huacui Chen, PhD, Emily Wingrove, PhD, Meiling Zhang, PhD, Anna Arnal Estape, PhD, Minghui Zhao, MS, Amer Balabaki , Wenxue Li, PhD, Lok Hei Chan, PhD, Ethan D. Krop, and Yansheng Liu, PhD. The lead author, Wesley Cai, received his doctorate from Yale.

Among the organizations that helped fund this study were the National Science Foundation, the National Cancer Institute, the Congressional-Directed Medical Research Programs, and the Yale Cancer Center.

New NSF-funded institute will probe biology in the absence of water


Tidestromia oblongifolia in winter, Death Valley National Park, CA, USA, Photo by Seung Yon (Sue) Rhee, Copyright 2018, Creative Commons CC BY 4.0

Carnegie Science

Water is inextricably linked to our understanding of life – it makes up most of our planet’s surface and organisms in the tree of life depend on it to function. Yet the ability to survive extremely dry conditions for long periods of time is crucial to the life cycles of many species, including plants, which can reproduce from desiccated pollen grains and grow from desiccated seeds.

“There are desert plants and micro-animals, such as tardigrades, that can lose up to 90% of their water and resume their normal biological function within hours of being rehydrated. We want to know how they do it,” said Sue Rhee of Carnegie, who just received a $12.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation to create an interdisciplinary institute that will study this question.

Understanding the molecular, cellular, and physiological mechanisms by which they accomplish this incredible resistance could inform strategies for surviving climate change with minimal impact on food supplies and help identify conditions that might support life on other planets.
Called the Water and Life Interface Institute, or WALII (pronounced wally), this new Carnegie-led initiative involving scientists from nine institutions will examine the water-life interface between plants, animals and fungi in four areas keys:

  • The evolutionary history of the ability to survive sustained periods of low water;
  • The genetic and physical factors that determine an organism’s ability to survive in extremely dry conditions;
  • How different organisms react to the presence of water during the rehydration process;
  • And the link between protein structure and desiccation tolerance.

Institute scientists will come from a wide range of fields, including molecular biophysics, computer science, genomics, and cell and evolutionary biology, as well as plant biologists with expertise in seed physiology. Senior scientists, early career researchers, and graduate and undergraduate students will form the team with the goal of producing a new generation of scientific leadership.

In addition to Carnegie, scientists from California State University Channel Islands, University of California Merced, USDA Agricultural Research Service National Laboratory for Genetic Resources Preservation, University of Wisconsin-Madison , Michigan State University, Washington University in St. Louis, University of Wyoming, and Baylor College of Medicine have already committed to join the institute.

“WALII will prioritize the inclusion of individuals from diverse backgrounds, which will bring a range of perspectives to the table and enhance our ability to undertake creative problem-solving and approach big questions from new angles,” Rhee said.

The initiative will also spearhead outreach and education activities to raise awareness about drought, degraded water quality and climate change. Carnegie and his colleagues at the University of Wyoming have already completed a pilot program teaching San Francisco-area children about tardigrades, which are among the hardiest animals in the world.


Return to football after COVID-19 infection


Newswise – BATON ROUGE – A first-of-its-kind study conducted in conjunction with LSU’s School of Kinesiology, LSU Athletics, Pennington Biomedical Research Center and Our Lady of the Lake investigated how elite student-athletes’ immune systems reacted to COVID -19virus.

Football players who have been diagnosed with COVID-19 have been able to recover their immune systems to baseline levels after CDC-recommended isolation. This is in stark contrast to older people with comorbidities, who tend to be at higher risk for serious side effects and symptoms, and even death.

“When COVID-19 really started spiraling out of control, we sat down with LSU exercise physiologist Neil Johannsen and athletic trainers Derek Calvert and Jack Marucci, and discussed what we could do to make sure that our athletes remain healthy. We especially wanted to make sure that the athletes were not at risk of secondary infections when they returned from isolation,” said Guillaume Spielmann, associate professor in the School of Kinesiology at LSU.

Effective isolation after COVID infection

“When the idea for the research started, we discussed why not turn something negative into a positive and help research to find answers. If there are things we can do to better understand the virus, let’s do it,” said Jack Marucci, director of athletic training at LSU. “Student-athletes were ready to be a part of it.”

Meanwhile at the start of the COVID pandemic, the CDC had recommended 14 days of isolation.

“There were a lot of unknowns at that time. We are dealing with a population that is extremely close to each other during games and during matches. We wanted to make sure that since they’re literally face-to-face with other players, that their salivary defenses, their oral defenses were pretty much intact, and that part of their immune system wasn’t affected by disease; that there were no lasting effects of the disease,” Spielmann said.

Saliva samples were collected from 29 student-athletes in 2020, prior to a COVID vaccine. Fourteen were COVID-positive and 15 had no history of infection. Of the 14, only six reported mild symptoms of the virus, the other eight were asymptomatic throughout the isolation period.

“Salivary immunity is extremely important in making sure people don’t get secondary infections, so when athletes return we need to make sure they’re as healthy as possible. We’ve found that the period of isolation was sufficient to restore athletes’ salivary immunity to the level seen in uninfected players,” Spielmann said.

Safe return to play after COVID

These results suggest that student-athletes could return to training and play football safely without risk of secondary infection; that their immune system was not in danger when they practiced close contact sport.

“I was a little worried about long haul and other bigger outcomes like concerns about developing myocarditis. Engaging in sporting activities at an elite level can be stressful on the body and you would want to arming you with the best scientific information to help you understand the potential outcomes. This data has helped validate some of these decisions that have been made. Providing a safe environment for your student-athletes is paramount and this has helped in this process said Shelly Mullenix, LSU’s senior associate athletic director for health and wellness.

For this study, three graduate students also participated in the research. Their research is now published in Scientific reports.

“That kind of access is unique in Division I sports. You don’t usually have access to football players, so the fact that we have access is also hugely instrumental,” Spielmann said. “LSU is a great place for this field.”

“I think this COVID research is something that we’re really proud to be a part of and to help find answers to such a devastating virus,” Marucci said.

Spielmann, an immunologist, studies the impact of stress on the immune system of elite and tactical athletes, including astronauts and firefighters. But this study is not the first for Spielmann and LSU Athletics. They worked together to study psychological and physiological health, as well as measures of performance in other student-athletes and sports teams. A new study will take a closer look at the mental, physiological and immune resilience of female athletes in the face of stress. Funded by a grant from the Wu Tsai Foundation, this collaborative research led by Tiffany Stewart of Pennington Biomedical and Spielmann will include the participation of 50 LSU female athletes.

These groups also work together as part of the health system Partnership with Our Lady of the Lake. Our Lady of the Lake has committed $170 million over the next 10 years for initiatives focused on academics and athletics. Dr. Catherine O’Neal, Chief Medical Office of Our Lady of the Lake, said this partnership allows for increased collaboration and research between LSU and Our Lady of the Lake, as well as the Pennington Biomedical Research Center.

New Discovery Means Dolphins Form Largest Social Network Outside of Humans | FIU News


Long considered a unique feature of human societies, researchers now claim that some dolphins can actually form multiple levels of alliances between their societies.

People establish cooperative strategic relationships at different social levels for various reasons, including economic advantage, international trade, and military operations. For the male bottlenose dolphins living in Shark Bay, Australia, the motivation is a little less complex: the ladies. These dolphins actually form at least three different levels of cooperative relationships between groups to increase male access to females, according to the new study led by Richard Connor, a Florida International University biologist and professor emeritus at the University of Massachusetts at Dartmouth, and Stephanie King. , Associate Professor at the University of Bristol.

Male dolphins in Shark Bay form first-order alliances of two or three males to cooperatively pursue alliances with individual females. Their second-order alliances can include as few as four and as many as 14 unrelated males to compete with other alliances on access to females. Their third-order alliances occur between cooperating second-order alliances. The research team analyzed association and consortship data to model the structure of alliances among 121 adult male bottlenose dolphins from the Indo-Pacific, demonstrating that dolphins have the largest known alliance network outside of humans.

One of the main conclusions of the study is the importance of intergroup cooperation for male success. Intergroup cooperation in humans was thought to be unique and dependent on two other characteristics that distinguish humans from chimpanzees – the evolution of pair bonds and parental care by males. However, Connor said research shows that intergroup alliances can actually emerge without these characteristics and from a social and mating system that is more chimpanzee-like. According to King, this means that cooperation between groups is more important than the overall size of the alliance in increasing access to women. In short, collaborative dolphins have greater reproductive success.

The research has been published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences in the wake of the 40eanniversary of the start of Connor’s dolphin research at Shark Bay and the 30e anniversary of a major research study that announced the discovery of dolphins forming two levels of alliances there. This research has also been published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Simon Allen, lecturer at the University of Bristol, Michael Krützen, director of the Institute of Anthropology at the University of Zurich, and William B. Sherwin, professor at the University of New South Wales, have also contributed to the study.

Undergrads Land Scientific article in a prestigious journal


In an important achievement for undergraduate students and crowning three years of work, two biology students from La Sierra University published a scientific paper under the direction of professor and virologist Arturo Diaz, in June 2022 in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences.

The article, entitled “Characterization of YuuY, KaiHaiDragon and OneinaGillian phages isolated from Microbacterium foliorum», appeared on June 14 in a special issue of the journal entitled « Bacteriophages as Tools in Applied Sciences ». The article covers the research of students Uylae Kim and Elizabeth Paul and details the characterization of three bacteria-infecting viruses that have been discovered in Microbacterium folioruma bacterium present in organic matter.

The work was initiated during Diaz’s SEA-PHAGES course with Kim’s discovery of one of the viruses and continued in Diaz’s research lab. It has potential implications for the treatment of antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections in humans and foodborne pathogens.

“This project meant so much to me, and being able to make an impact in the bacteriophage field is a blessing,” said Kim, a former pre-doctor who wrote the first draft of the manuscript. In his final year, he put together the numbers that were based on two previous years of research. He, Paul, and Diaz edited the manuscript until it was ready for submission in May.

An award-winning student, Kim graduated summa cum laude five days after the article was published and will enter medical school at Loma Linda University this year. “I hope to conduct research even after going to Loma Linda School of Medicine to further my medical education. I am extremely grateful to Dr. Diaz, my lab members and the Biology Department for allowing me to do this research,” he said.

  • csm biology undergraduate field 02 elizabeth paul biology student small d7501a7841
  • csm biology undergraduate earth 03 arturo diaz grand 1278225c84 03570695b8

For Paul, also a pre-med student, who joined Diaz’s lab in 2020 as a teenage volunteer assistant, the experience confirmed her lifelong interest in scientific research, which she plans to incorporate into a future medical career. “Especially because of the research we did, I realized that the lab is one of my happy places,” she said. “I think what I’ve realized about research is [that] it’s almost therapeutic in a way, because it allows you to really focus on something that you know matters.

Diaz, an associate professor of biology, said the publication of his students’ work in such a prestigious journal was a little-known highlight among the ranks of most undergraduates. “I was incredibly excited and proud of Uylae and Elizabeth for publishing their work in a high-impact journal, something undergraduate students rarely get to do, let alone without the help of ‘graduate students or postdoctoral fellows,’ he said.

The article in the journal Molecular Sciences details their findings on the analysis of three bacteriophages, also called phages. A bacteriophage is a virus that infects and kills bacteria. Phages only attack bacteria and are not harmful to humans. They are simply compounds and are abundant throughout the Earth’s biosphere in places where bacteria are abundant, such as in soil and water. For this reason and because of their important role in fundamental biological concepts such as the definition of a gene and the discovery of messenger RNA, as well as their wide applicability to human life, the journal of molecular sciences has devoted a special edition to their study, the journal editors indicated in a description of the special edition.

“As natural enemies of bacteria, phages are an effective alternative to antibiotic-based treatments for bacterial infections,” the journal’s editors wrote. “Nowadays, phages are used in food preservation and in decontamination processes”, while playing a key role in biological processes.

The three phages at the heart of Kim and Paul’s work, YuuY, KaiHaiDragon and OneinaGillian, were discovered respectively by Kim and two former students of Diaz’s SEA-PHAGES class. The students isolated, named and sequenced the phages they found in soil samples taken from the area.

The SEA-PHAGES course was launched in 2017 after Diaz’s Department of Biology at La Sierra was accepted into the Science Education Alliance administered by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. It is designed to replace introductory biology courses for high-achieving first-year students interested in hands-on scientific research. Students who complete the two-quarter SEA-PHAGES course move on to its SEA-GENES suite, which guides students in the study of gene function.

The mentorship factor

The authors of an article published in 2011 cited the importance of integrating teaching and research in undergraduate biology education. “The National Academies and the American Association for the Advancement of Science recently emphasized that undergraduate teaching could be enhanced by a higher level of student engagement in authentic research,” they wrote.

Diaz estimates that between the SEA-PHAGES and SEA-GENES programs, more than 50 undergraduate students have co-authored five publications.

He compares himself to a basketball coach in the lab. “I help train students in the different techniques they will need to develop their projects. We meet weekly to review the progress they have made and plan the experiments for the following week, and in general [I] advise and encourage throughout the project. It’s then up to the students to go out and execute the game plan,” he said.

And one research project usually leads to others. For example, in addition to his phage work with Kim, Paul analyzed corn chlorotic mottle virus, which is spread by beetles and infects, deforms and kills corn plants. It is based on preliminary research conducted by other biology students at La Sierra.

“I work on this virus because it has been so devastating to many cultures in sub-Saharan Africa,” she said. “And so by understanding the replication process, we can really open up our knowledge and expand it to have more resources to really fight this virus and its replication zone.”

The original version of this story was published on La Sierra University news sites.

Gatton Academy student participates in undergraduate research teaching program with Wood Hudson Cancer Research Laboratory


This summer, Gatton Academy student Brody Johnson completed the Undergraduate Research Education Program (UREP) at the Wood Hudson Cancer Research Laboratory. As one of eleven students selected to participate in this program, Johnson focused on the question: “What methods can be developed to effectively study small or rare populations relevant to cancer research?” UREP gives students from across the region the opportunity to gain hands-on experience in biomedical research and present their findings.

Johnson shared his experience: “The UREP program at Wood Hudson prepared me for a career in medicine by providing me with excellent mentors, all experienced in their respective fields, who were more than happy to share their expertise and guidance. concerning research, clinical medicine, and the field of cancer biology in general. These mentors included Dr. Julia H. Carter, Professor Diane Willkening Gilb, Dr. Ronald D. Snyder, Dr. Larry E. Douglass, and Dr. Erik Bey. Not only did this program give Johnson a new appreciation for cancer research work, but he also had the chance to meet like-minded people pursuing similar goals.

The program ended on August 10 with “Science Day” where students presented their final research proposals. Johnson proposed to review the treatment of patients with extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma and determine if there are more effective approaches. As this form of cancer is rare, Johnson says “its treatment has not been explored as much as its more prevalent counterparts,” making it a relevant research proposition.

Students in the program also lectured on a chapter from their textbook, “Principles of Cancer Biology,” and a peer-reviewed journal article to their peers in a classroom setting.

Cheryl Kirby-Stokes, Academic Opportunities Coordinator at Gatton Academy, said, “We are grateful to the UREP program at Wood Hudson for giving our students the opportunity to focus on their interests in STEM fields while gaining valuable experience. . As a close partner for over 11 years, we look forward to continuing our work with Dr. Julia Carter and all of Newport’s wonderful staff.

Gatton Academy students are encouraged to participate in research experiences and internships during the summer between their junior and senior years. During the summer of 2022, students participated in the National Science Foundation Research Experiments for Undergraduates, the Gatton Research Internship Fellowship Program, the Gatton Sponsored Internship Program, the national security language initiative for youth, study abroad, etc.

About Gatton Academy: Created in 2007,The Gatton Academyis Kentucky’s premier two-year residential program for gifted and talented juniors and seniors. Gatton Academy students enroll as juniors and are full-time WKU students pursuing interests in advanced science, technology, engineering, and math. The Gatton Academy is the recipient of the 2022 Inspiring Programs in STEM Award from Overview of diversity Magazine and the National Consortium for STEM Secondary Schools Innovation Partnership Award.